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97 7.20i 
H39p Le 

1149133 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00089 2064 



Gc 977.201 H39pLe 
Pleas, Elwood 
Henry County CInd.3 past 
and present 




• 







Pholosraplid In WIM NEEBHAM, New fastle, Indiana. 



iHiiEiisriR/sr oouitty, 



PAST ATsTID IP^ESEISPr 



A BRIEF 



HI3TOET OIF THE COTJlSTTir 



1821 TO 1871. 



BY 



ZELWOOID IPOLIELA.S. 



NEW CASTLE, IND.: 

PUBLISHED BY PLEAS BROTHERS. 

1871. 



Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871, by 

ELWOOD PLKAS, 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 



1149133 

PREFACE. 



The following pages are the result of a desire to col- 
lect and preserve facts connected with the early history 
and growth of our county, which are constantly becom- 
ing more difficult to obtain, as the pioneers of the 
county are rapidly passing away. It is not supposed, 
however, that what has been done in these pages is all 
that can be done in this direction, as I have met with 
several persons since portions of the work were closed 
up, who were in possession of a fund of facts of which 
I would gladly have availed myself at an earlier day. 

This pioneer essay, it is hoped, will not close the ef- 
fort in this direction, but may stimulate some one to 
begin the collection of material at once, and at no dis : 
tant day present something more thorough and worthy 
of our county and the memory of those who have gone 
before, and through whose patient endurance and hard- 
ships we now enjov so many of the blessings of life. 

It is proper, also, to state that the work of collecting 
material was begun late in November last, with a view to 
issuing only a small pamphlet of some forty or fifty pages 
at most. It was soon determined to enlarge the scope 
of the work a little, and it was advertised to contain 



iV PRKK.\ri5. 

one hundred pages, and the price fixed accordingly. As 
fast as the material for the first chapter was collected, 
the "copy" was placed in the hands of the compositor, 
there seldom being so much as five pages ahead, and 
when one hundred pages were completed, many top- 
ics too important to be omitted had not been touched, 
and now, with nearly one hundred and fifty pages, a 
large portion of the notes collected, especially those re- 
lating to the hardships and incidents of early times, with 
brief personal sketches of some of the early men of 
note, have to be omitted in toto. For nearly three 
months, one hundred and twenty pages have been in the 
binder's hands, while an unexpected pressure of other 
work has prevented any attempt to con x »lete the remain- 
ing pages till within a few days. 

I take especial pleasure in acknowledging my obliga- 
tions to Messrs. Bennett and Evans, of the Auditor's 
office; Messrs. Hazzard and Rogers, of the Treasurer's 
office; Mr. Kinsey and the late Mr. Hiatt, Clerks, and 
Mr. Bond, Recorder, for furnishing every possible facili- 
ty for examining the county records. 

For items of information and other aid, I also take 
pleasure in expressing my obligations to Judges Elliott 
and Bundy, C. C. and M. L. Powell, Asahel Woodard, 
and W. W. Shelley, of New Castle; Dr. Ross, J. Luellen, 
and Dr. Kerr, Stony Creek township; D. Rees and S. 
Jolian, Cadiz; J. Wood and E. Spencer, Greensboro; 
M. F. Edwards, Dr. Whitesel, J. A. Deem, and others, 
Knightstown; to B. S. Parker and Benj. Stewart, Lew- 
isville; S. W. Stewart and D. Reynolds, Dublin; J. R. 
Leaky, C. Ratlifk, and D. Paul, Dudley; Williams 
Nicholson, Liberty, and scores of others, who have kindly 
aided me in various ways. E. P. 

New Castle, Ind., August, 1871. 




MVUVJ;, fine ViiMle, ItuK 



INTRODUCTION 



In the year 1800, "Indiana Territory" was carved out of 
what was previously known as the "Northwest Territory," and 
included nearly all of the present States of Indiana and Michi- 
gan, and all of Illinois and Wisconsin, and a portion of Minne- 
sota. 

The population of all this vast region, according to the 
census of 1800, was but 4,875. Michigan was erected into a 
separate territory in 1805, and Illinois in 1800. Previous to 
the separation of Illinois, the territory had been divi 
five counties, of which Knox, Dearborn, and Clark i 
within t!i.- present bounds of Indiana, and St. Clair and 
Randolph constituted Illinois. 

In 1807, an enumeration of the "free white males over 
twenty-one years of age" was had, by which it appears 
there the ] ent limits of the State, wl 

would indicate that the whole population was less than 12,000. 
Of this number there were 616 white adult males in what was 
then Dearborn county, which comprised perhaps about one- 
third of the present limits of the State. 

From 1800 to 1813, the seat of government for the territory 
was at Yineennes. At the latter date, it was removed to Cor \ - 
don. 

By a joint resolution of Congress of December 11, 1816, 
Indiana was formally admitted to the sisterhood of States. S l( 



•> BENB1 OOUHTTj PA8T IKU PRESENT. 

rapid had t »«-«- n the Influx of population for the ten years pre- 
»g thai the Stal • contain 65,000, and by 

divided Into eighteen counties, although more 
than three-fourths of the State was -till in possession of the 
.. Prior to 1810, the Indian boundary ran easl of Cen- 
trevllle, Wayne county, and when an additional "Twelve-mile 
i cl ad d the limits <>r civilization to as to include 

tin- Ites ol Milton, Cambridge City, and almost to Ba- 

iwn, there was quite a flocking to the new country, even In 
if the Burvej or. So early as 1811, Thomas Symons had 
settled ... iii< mouth ol a small creek that emptied into West 
: Cambridge and Milton, and his brother Nathan 
' bis residence at the mouth of another creek that unites 
\\ iili \\ <•>! River above the Bite of the ancient villag ■ of Vandalia. 
i e n'ly i> ■-- —ion of the mouths of these creeks both hav- 
ing their source in Liberty township,) served to attach their 
names to the stn ims, and Symons' Creeks were well known to 
the early settler of this county. Indeed it i- highly probable 
thai «•; the whole number of persons who entered this county, 
for the first five years, at least nine-tenths crossed the county 
)in ■ between these jI reams. 

i war with Great Britain, from 1812 to 1815, and the con- 

Mi alarm occasioned by the hostile attitude of the Indians 

ull along the frontier, partially broke up the settlements along 

r. With the return of peace, however, the settlers 

ned to their homes, and a rapid increase of emigration at 

in, extending to the very limits of the Twelve-mile 

Purchase, though it Is probable that no white family intruded 

upon the almost impenetrable wilds within the present 

limits Ol J Kin y COUntj prior to 1S19. 



FIRST SETTLERS 



-o- 



" Kor many seasons harsh and lone 

They wrestled with their lot 

Winning the paradise of home, 

From many a rugged spot." 

The first settlers of which any reliable information has 
been obtained, seem to have come to the county in 1819. Prior 
to this time, many were " waiting ami watching over the bor- 
der," in Wayne county, for the lands between West River and 
White River to become subject to settlement. 

A law of Congress (not very rigidly enforced, however,) 
forbade the private purchase or occupancy of the " Indian 
lands." By a treaty negotiated at St. Mary's, in 1818, by Gov- 
ernor Jennings, Governor Cass, and Judge Parke, Commission- 
ers on the part of the United State-," the Indians relinquished 
all title to the lands south of the Wabash, except two or three 
small reservations, and also agreed to vacate the ceded lands 
within three years. 

From tais time the whole central portion of the State was 
looked upon as accessible to the whites, and the settlement of 
this county began at once, although no titles to land could be 
obtained for some time. 

The earliest titles are under act of Congress of April 
24th, 1820, and the work of surveying, &c, consumed another 

*The lare David Hoover, of Wayne county, was Secretary to this Com- 
mission. 



I ill SRI i "i WTY) !' k8T iMi PRESEXT. 

thej wren thrown upon the market. About one 

ind fortj perron* purchased land in townships sixteen 

«nd north, in the lasl half of the year 1821. This 

thai i>:nt di the county embraced In the present town- 

w mir. Spiccland, Franklin, Dudley, Liberty, Henry, 

. and i pari <>r Barrison. 
surveys i"iii'_ r Incomplete, no lands north of Liberty 
[lenrj townships were sold until the following year. Manj 
i in prospecting as earij as 1818 and 1819. '.'.\ this 
n* the fame of this magnificent region spread abroad. Its 
rtility, magnificenl forests, fine streams, nura 
thnndanl • letual dedication to the 

n liberty, pointed i< iny in North Caro- 

-. inia, Kentucky, and Ohio, as tl 
w , - t . 
irl> settlers seem to have been attracted princi] 
-. for :; linn-, and from these n 
•iiniy. These neighborhoods, after a few 
ime known a- iii>- "Harvey neighborhood," extending 
x .u-'l soil] ii c mile- : 

hided the soutlu asl pin 
■ rn portion <<> Dudley township? : whi 
from olfl Tty, on ei Blue Ri 

lie site of Knightstowu, was known 

icig iborl d." 

nstitute I pretty much ill there w an 

wmntyal the time of its organization, in 1821 22. 

impossible, at this day, to name all the first "settlers," 

iota, though far from full as desired, 

iow something of the time and order of setth men: 

[>W li-lii|i». 

HI MM i 'i\\ NSHIP. 

ly In Vpril, 1819, Asaliel Woodard, Andrew Shannon, 

n Shepherd, a Mr. Wblttinger, and son-in-law, David day. 

innon, settled in Benrj township. 

lard pul up hi- cabin jusl north of New Castle, 

ode ol his j »i-.--. -ii t residence. 



FIRST SETTLERS. 5 

The VVhittingers and Mr. (ray fixed their residence jusl 
about the site of Joshua Bolland's house. 

Allen Shepherd settled nearly two miles, north by east <>f 
New Castle, on what is now known as the Hudleson farm, and 
bis elegant residence, erected about fifty-two years ago, is -till 
standing. 

Andrew Shannon located just north <>t Shepherd, and near 
the present 9ite of the Hernley Mills. 

George Hobson on the farm now owned by -Indue Elliott, 
one-half mile southwest of New Castle. 

William Shannon on the Holloway Farm. lour miles -otirh- 
if New Castle. 

Joseph Hobson came in not far from the same time, and 
settled on the west sid • of the Sfo phen Elliott Farm, two miles 
southwest <it' row n. At his house the first courts were held, thus 
making it the county seat 

George Hobson, Andrew Shannon, Mr. Whittinger, and D. 
■ raj brought their families with them, and made their cages 

ward. Mrs. Asahel Woodard and Mrs. William Shannon 
arrive*! on the •>- ol July following, and Mr. Woodard planted 
ibout two aeres of corn, the first crop, he thinks, ever raised by 
a white m:ii in this i <>(;■ planted an old Indian field or 

bearing, nd, although cultivated with the hoe alone, he thinks 
lie never saw suoh corn before or since. 

The Whittingers and Cray soon left, nol liking the count} . 

PRAIRIE TOWNSHIP. 

Benjamin Harvey also came early in the spring of 

isr.t. with bis family, and. settled about three miles north of 
Asahel Woodard, near where he still resides with his -mi, Daniel 
Harvey. 

Very -non afterward came William Harvey, the father cf 
Benjamin, with Uriah Bulla, John Harris, Samuel Howard, and 
Hartley or Ban lay BeriDOW. Some of the last named eame ont 
in April or May, 1819, but had been out as early as the February 
preceding, selected sites, and made some improvements. 

WAYNE TOWNSHIP. 

Within the limits of this township, a. few persons had set- 



ill \i:\ - "i n n ; PAffl SM' PRESENT. 

._ ,n.l probably so earrj aa 1819. 
Daniel an.! Am Huaton were located aboul the present v ire 
i: | . , trading with the Indians as early as 1820. 
Hfr mi -..ii had n double 1 log cabin near 1 1 » « - month «>f 

\i i iii-.'i. ind had made money enough haul- 

.hii from Whitewater and entertaining those in search of 
. able («• purchase his homestead, August 1 1. 1821. 

^..n l Gohle lived ji st al I the site of Church's Mill at 

the time ol the land sale, and bad h good cabin and some eight 

n m. >.~ partially cleared and under good fence. All these 

Improvement* were bid from under him by David Lauderhack, 

-.. well understood the estimate in which he would be held 

il\ settlers that he"made himself scarce" afterward. 

those who came in before or jusl about the time of the land 

m:i\ be mentioned Waitsel m Carey, Abraham Heaton, 

i uel Carey, Jacob Parkhurst, Joseph »\ atts, Shaphel McCray, 

aii-l i i. w others, the exact date »1 whose arrival il is difficult to 

BPICl IAN I« l(l\\ NSIMP. 

Among the first settlers \\ ithin the present limits of Spice- 
land township were Daniel Jackson and Solomon Byrkett, on 
Blue River, near what is known as Elm Grove; Thomas G reen- 

i. <>ii the Hiatt Farm, one-hall mile southwest of Spiceland ; 
an. I Samuel Carr, on the Henderson 1 1 . >.-i . •!• Farm, two miles 
north of Spiceland, now owned bj the Hoover boys; Allen 
Hunt, on the kmor Bond place, two miles wesl of Spiceland. 
1 to their lands immediately after the sale, and 

after came Samuel Griffin and a few others. 

I l: \NKI IN !(.\\ NSIIH'. 

ns, George and Charles Se ■. and Achilles Morris 

rlle8t settlers on Flatrock, within the present 

llml I MiH. This was about the time of, or immediately 

perhaps In the fall of 1831, though the pre- 

ite ciin no) be ascertained. 

i" mi ^ i OWKSHIP. 

John Huff and i Mr. Carter are the only parties ascertained 
' ' M 'whi.iiMi,, ilimiteoi Dudley, prior to the land sale. 



FIRST SETTLERS. 7 

HuiT lived about the *ite oi the toll gate at the junction of the 
New Castle & Dublin, and Hopewell <!fc Flatrock Turnpikes, and 
Mr. Carter about one-half or three- fourths of a mile west from 
the site of the Flopewell Me< ting [louse. 

Josiah Morris. Daniel Paul. Richard Ratlin' (father of Cor- 
nelius Ratlin - ;. Richard Thompson, William McKimmy, William 
Maudlin, William Owen, Joseph iJ. Leak y, Benjamin Straftan, 
Thomas Lennard, Thomas Gilbert, Elisha Shortridge, and Jon- 
athan Bundy were among the pioneers of Dudley township, who 
rani' in the winter of 1821 or spring of 1822. Of these veterans 
J. R. Leaky, Daniel Paul, Josiah Morris, and Jonathan Bundy 
still live on the spot where they at first located, and have each 
a fund of the early incidents and trials peculiar to those early 
days. 

LIBERTY TOWNSHIP. 

Of those who first settled Liberty township comparatively 
little has been learned. Weare not informed whether any came 
in before the land sale, but of those who came in about the 
time of the sale ma; be mentioned Elisha Long, Moses Robert- 
son, T. R. Stanford, David Brower, John I.eavell, Robert 
Thompson, Jesse Fortner, John Baker, and a number of others. 
Since the purchases made at the land sale exceeded those of any 
other township, it is fair to suppose that quite a number had al- 
ready located there. 

GREENSBORO TOWXSHIP 

Was first settled by Jacob Woods, Samuel Pickering, and per- 
haps two or three others, in the summer of 1821. Samuel and 
Jonas Pickering, Walker Carpenter, and Benjamin Kirk came 
through, prospecting in 1820, after visiting Winchester, Ander- 
son, Pendleton, and other points. 

Jacob Elliott built a cabin about where his son, Jacob S. 
Elliott, now lives, in the fall of 1821, but did not move into it 
till the spring of 1822. 

At the time Jacob Woods located where he now lives, one 
and one-fourth miles east of Greensboro, there were no settlers 
on Blue River between Daniel Jackson's and Joseph Hobson's, 
except William Shannon, and for some time there were no 



B HENRY COUNTY; PAST AND PRESENT. 

neighbors <>n the east nearer than William Boner.*, who resided 
on I he old Wlckersham Farm, about four miles south of New 
Castle. Quite a number settled about Greensboro in the follow- 
ing year, and so early as 182:! a meeting was held at Duck 
Creek, David Baily, Joseph Ratliff, Eli Stafford, 8. Pickering, 
and Jacob Wood being among the "charter members." 

HARRISON TOWNSHIP. 

Dempsey Rees and Roderick Craig settled on Duck Creek in 
the eastern edge of Harrison township, in April, 1822. This 
was on land now owned by Peter Shafer. Pees had raised a 
crop of corn on White River, about the site of Indianapolis, the 
year before. 

Phineas Ratliff, Pice Price, and Joseph and Richard Ratliff 
all settled in the same year within about one and one-half miles 
of D. Rees. 

STONY CREEK TOWNSHIP. 

Within the present limits of Stony Greek township, there 
were no settlers prior to the land sale which took place in 1822, 
and perhaps not till 1823, when John tlodgins (now very old 
and much enfeebled , Mr. Seholield, Jonathan Bed well, and 
Andrew Blount, the proprietor of Blountsville, settled there. 
There wen 1 but three or four families on Stony Creek, in the 
spring of 1826, at which Lime John Hawk,"a cabinet maker of 
Blountsville, took up quarters there. 

FALL CREEK TOWNSHIP. 

The settlement of Fall Creek seems not to have begun so 

early as many other parts of the < ounty. John, Jacob, George, 

ud David Keesling located Slechanicsburg, about 

1824 or 1825, forming what was known as the "Keesling Nelgh- 

rhood." William Stewart and Joseph Franklin came in not 

far IV the same time. John Hart, a Mr. Vanmatre, Adam E. 

Conn, and a Mr. Painter were early settlers in the east part of 
the township and nearer Middletown. 

.1 EPPERSON TOWNSHIP. 

Within the present limits of Jefferson, at an early day, per- 
haps ls-ii or 1826, came Samuel Beavers, Anthony Sanders, 
Jane v irsh, and a Mr. Fleming, with some dtfiers. This town- 



LAND SALE AND FIRST ENTRIES. 9 

ship constituted a part of Fall Creek and Prairie for many 

year-. 

BLUE RIVER TOWNSHIP. 

There was considerable progress made in the settlement of 
Blue River township (then a part of Stony Creek), in 1S23. 
Michael Conway, Richard and Reuben Wilson, Joseph Corey, 
John Koons, John P. Johnson, and several others moved to this 
part of the county as early as 1823, a few, perhaps, having lo- 
cated the year previous, the precise time, however, being diffi- 
cult to learn. 



LAND SALE AND FIRST ENTRIES. 



According to the record, Wm, Owen, of Dudley township, 
purchased the first tract of land in Henry county ; this transac- 
tion bearing date of February 4, 1821.* The next was David 
Butler, August 8, 1821, in the same township, and on the 11th 
of August. Josiah Morris, of Dudley, and Samuel Furgason of 
Wayne township, each entered a tract. 

Judging from the number of purchases made, the settlers 
in Wayne township must have gone in a body to attend the 
sale, as of the twenty-five purchases made during the year, six- 
teen were made on the 13th of August. The following is a list 
of purchases during the year, with date of purchase: 
Samuel Furgason, Aug. 11, Thomas Estell, Aug. 13, 

Waitsel M. Carey, Aug. 13, Henry Ballenger, " " 

Abraham Heaton, " " Isaac Pugh, '• " 

Daniel Heaton, " " Shaphet McCray, " " 

Samuel Carey, " " Stephen Cook, Aug. SO, 

David Lauderback, " " Samuel Goble, Aug. 20, 

EiHvard Patterson, " " John Daily, Aug. 22, 

Win. Macy, " " Jacob Whitter, Aug. 23, 

Jacob Parkhurst, " " John Freeland, Sept. 18, 

*It is highly probable that this is a mistake, and should have been 
February 4, 1822, since it is not likely that an entry could have been 
made six months in advance of the land sale, aud Mr. Owen did not 
arrive in the county till some time in 1822. 






UKNK) COL'KTY; PAS1 1ND PKBMCN" 



, .. ,,. Charles Smith, Oct. 18, 

\\ ...n. " " Bdmond Lewis, Oct. 81, 

.. •• John Lewit, Oct. 31. 

i 1 3th of kugusl seems to have been afield day forthe 
pcopl< ol Wayne township. On th< I4th, nothing seems to have 
w aether it was Sunday, or was taken up with call- 
•.., bids "ii the tracts of land now in Bpiceland and Frank- 
lin townships, la nol known. On the 16th, the sale commenced 
for lands In Henry township, when seven persons responded to 
thecal] ■>! their numbers, and subsequently Bome t«-n otherpur- 
cihsscn w ere made, as \\ ill be seen below : 

alien Shepherd, Aug. 15, U ihel W lard, Ang.20, 

Drew, " " Thomas Wbodard, ^ug.SO, 

Thomas Symons, " " Joseph Holman, Aug. 2t, 

Bundy, • ' laxon Mill-. Aog. 81, 

.1 ph Hobson, " " Ann Ward, Sept. 21, 

Wm. Shannon, " " Caleb Commons, Sept. 21, 

Joseph v «rby, " " Josi ph Hiatt, Sept. 24, 

Hobson, Vug. 16, Wm. Blunt, Sr.. Oct. 17. 

n, 
The auctioneer then passed on to Liberty township, range 
11 east, township 17, and found bidders more plentiful. The 
nd dates belov< w ill Berve to Bhow something of the tone of 
the market. We \\i'l lei Wm. Hoe, probably a blood relative of 
the celebrated Richard Roe, whom school boys will remember 
at ha\ Ing extensh e dealings with John 1 toe, head the list. 
Willi. mi itc..\ auk'. n'>. Jacob Etfnehart, >ept. 4. 

Andre* Shannon, •• •• Peter Rhinehart, Sept. 4, 

Will " •■ Jonal nan Pierson, Sept. 4. 

kteon, •' •• John Beaman, Sept. i, 

adale, " •■ George Coons, Sept. 12, 

M i B ertson, " " Enoch Goff, Sept. 80, 

John v.- ,i I. •• •• Elisha Long, Oct 20, 

Jeremiah Strode, •• " Jerry Long, Oct. 20. 

William Bell, •• •• John Baker, Oct. 22, 

Daniel Warn pier, " " Keneker Johnson, Nov. 4, 

i Brower, " " Jesse Fortner, Nov. 12, 

Joshua Hardman, •• •• D II win Bales, Not. 80, 

■'I. '• • Jeremiah Badley, Doc. 5, 

lley, •• •• Richard Conway, Dec, 5, 

• t r> • '•". " " Watson Hoc. Doc. r>, 

■' Ph peon, •• •* John Koons, Dec. 6, 

ni. i hamness, •• " Hobson, Dec 6. 

John Daugherty, Ing. 10, John Marshall, Dec 6, 

' '■ \"~'- It, Thomas Hobson, Dec. 6, 

Thomai Kaleston, Log. m, Thomas Mills, Oec. 6, 



LAND SALE AND FIRST ENTRIES. U 

Daniel Miller. \„g. M, John Stapler, Dec. 7, 

Prosper Mickels, Aug. 31, Josiah Clawson. Dec. £0. 

In Dudley township, the purchasers seem to have taken it 

more leiaurelj . and strung their purchases out from the time of 

the land sale to the end ol the year, and are as follows: 

Wm. Owens, Feb. 4. John Gilleland, Sept. 1, 

David Butler, Aug. 8, Susannah Leaky, Sept. 8, 

Josiab Morris, Aug. 11. Joseph R. Leaky. Sept. 8, 

Stephen Kill, Vug. 16. Joseph Cox, Oct. 5, 

Jesse Shortridge, Aug. 16, John Green, Oct. 6, 

Dally Beard, Vug. 16. William Riadon. Oct. 17, 

EHisha Shortridge, 4.ug. 17, W. McKiuney, Oct. 20, 

John Wilson, Auk- 18, Josiah Gilbert, Oct. 21. 

Jesse Fraizer, Aug. IS. K\um Elliott, Oct. 23, 

Jonathan Bundy, Aug. 21, David Thompson, Nov. 26, 

William Maudlin. Aug. 24. Aaron Morris, Nov. 27, 

Hampton Green, Aug. 24, John Pool, Dec. 1, 

William Seward, Aug. 28, John Smith, Dec. 3, 

Joseph < harles, Aug. 30, Daniel Paul, Dec. 12. 
Linns French, Aug. 31, 

The following are all the purchasers of land, in 1821, within 

the present limits of Franklin township: 

William Felton, Aug. 28, John Charles, Dec. 28. 

Charles See, Sept. 16, 

Within the present limits of Spiceland township, there 

were twelve entries, in that year, as follows ; 

Daniel Jackson. Vug. 17, William Mustard, Sept. 1, 

Sol. Byrkett, Aug. 27. James Carr, Sept. 14. 

William Felton, Aug. 28, Jacoh Elliott. Oct. 3, 

Allen Hunt, Aug. 30. William Elliott, Nov. 6, 

Jacob Hall. Aug. 30, William Berry. Dec. 20, 

Nathan Davis. Aug. 31. Joseph Charles, Dec. 24. 

Within the limits of Greensboro township, there were eight 

entries, in that year, namely : 

Samuel Hill, Aug. 15, John Harvey, Sr., Aug. 21. 

Thomas McCoy. Aug. 15, Samuel Pickering, Aug. SS, 

Levi Cook, Aug. 20. John Harvey, Aug. 30, 

Lewis Hosier, Aug. 20, Jacob Elliott, Oct. 3. 

In 1822, only three entries were made within the limits of 

Fall Creek township, as follows : 

Benj. G. Bristol, Aug. 27, Reuben Bristol, Oct. 4.* 

James W. Wier, Sept. 26, 

*An "old settler" informs us that no such man owned land in the 
township in early times, and that he is certain that B. G. Bristol and 
James Wier did not enter their lands earlier than 1828 or 1829. 



count, run un pbwubr. 

T1) , , * wen to bav< been any purchase! made 

irtthln the limits of Jefferson township, during the year 1*22, 
tmi irtthln the limit- of Prairie township, there was more 
activity, and the following nam-- appear: 

m ■ •■ William [larrey, Oct. 26, 

smith, •• .i"'"! Harris, 

i. a • " Jacob Weston, Nov. 1*. 

.,.,„,.„,.,... •• •• Jacob Witter, Dec. 11, 

,., v ii •• Philip Harknder, Dec. S* 

hi Harve] . " " 
II,.-. wen generally, or all. <.n Blue River, the bottom and 
neond bottom Lands <>f which seemed very attractive to the 
earl] settler. There seems to have been butone entry within 
the limits of Stony Creek, that of Andrew Blunt, Jr., Nov. 11. 
Within tin- present limit- of Blur River, however, the following 
secured themselves homesteads : 

Bit hat I Wilson, " John Kudus. Nov. 11, 

I Conway, Oct 88, Jacob Huston, Nov. It, 

Hob*on, Oct. 88, George Hedrick, Nov. 18, 

, Oct 81, Richard llsbaugh, Nov. 14, 

Abraham < <>t\. <>, t. 81, Henrj hfetzger, Nov. 14. 

Bets; Corv, Oct 81, Henry Shimph, Nov. 18, 

Wilson, n.>\. i, John P. Johnson, Nov. -22. 
9, N"\ . 8, 

Dempsej ftees entered a trad of land In Harrison town- 
ship, April 39, \^>l, whirl) wa« the only piece purchased in 
the township, during the year. Zeno Reason and Richard Rat- 
lin* purchased land In January following, and Levi Pearson and 

i lei Ratltff, in June and July, which computed the transac- 
tion- fur the year l^Jit. 

l be land office for thi* <ii-t ri«t was at Brookville until 1825, 
when it was transferred to Indianapolis, then a village of little 
consequence, there being fewer voters in Marion county at that 
time than then are hi Henry township to-day. 

The manner of the land Bale was t<> commence in a certain 
township In a certain range, and offer each tract or eighty-acre 
lot, i onsecutivel) . till the whole was gone through with. If no 
i>n.' hid, the trai t being called bj number was soon passed. 
When a number was called, the "squatter" who, perhaps, had a 
i. w acres cleared, or a little cabin on the same, could hecome 
the purchaser li $1 '2.j, the minimum price, unless some one run 
it up Ofl him. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY. 13 

Where two persons had the same number and were desirous 
of entering the same eighty or one hundred and sixty-acre lot, 
it was no uncommon thing for one to buy the other off, with 
some trifling sum, say $10 to $2,"i, and, although the law of pub- 
lie opinion \v:is such that neighbors would seldom try to buy 
each other's improvements from under them, still there were 
cases in which no little feeling was excited in such cases, and 
various little intrigues were resorted to, to bluff or out-wit com- 
petitors. 

If for any reason a man failed to bid on a piece of land he 
desired to purchase, it sometimes happened that he could prevail 
on the auctioneer to call it up "just after dinner," or the "first 
thing next morning." From and after the land sale, all lands 
were subject to private entry at the minimum price. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY. 



By an act of the Legislature, bearing date February, 1821, 
" the south part of Delaware,"* commencing at the southwest 
corner of Wayne county, thence running: west twenty miles, 

*"A11 that part of the New Purchase lately acquired of the Indians, 
lying east of the second principal meridian, but not included within the 
limits of any organized county, shall hereafter be known and designated 
by the name of the county of Delaware, and the counties contiguous 
thereto and east of the meridian shall have concurrent jurisdiction 
throughout."— [See page 108, Revised Laws, 1824.] 

This "second principal meridian'' is about sixteen miles west of 
Indianapolis. The eastern limit of the "New Purchase" was the "Indian 
boundary," running near the western limits of Wayne county and bear- 
ing N N E till it crossed the Ohio line in Jay county. Its northern limit 
was the Wabash River, and it extended south to the boundary of Jennings 
county. Decatur, Shelby, Rush, Monroe, Marion, Huntington, Allen, and 
many more were formed in part out of "Delaware county," although the 
present county of Delaware was not organized until 1826, Ave years after 
Henry and Rush. This "concurrent jurisdiction" sometimes made it the 
duty of a High Constable of Henry county to ride all the way to White 
River, near the present site of Noblesville, to attach the property oi a 
creditor. 



14 BKVBY CODVTT; F 181 MID I Rl v t- s I 

thence north twenty miles, thence east twentj miles, thence 
■oath tothe place of beginning, was declared erected into h new 
eoonty, to he "known and designated i».\ the name and style of 
Henry county," and from and after the fl»-8l flay of June next, 
it wu to enjoj :>li the rights and privileges of a separate and 
Independent county, and, In short, to do much as other counties 
do. 

Lawrence Brannon and John n«ll. <>i Wayne county, John 
Bample, ol Fayette, Richard Biem, of Jackson, and J. W. Scott, 
mi [Jnlon, were appointed, bj the Bame act, Commissioners, to 
meet at the house of Joseph Hobson, in said count] <>t' Henry, 
"mi the flrsl Honda; ol Julj next,' 1 for the purpose of locating 
the county Beat. 

h was also provided by the Legislature that the Sherifl of 
Wayne count] Bhould notifj ^ : ( \ < t Commissioners of their ap- 
pointment, and thai the count] of Henry ~l i« >nl< l make said 
Sheriff of Wayne a reasonable compensation for such service. 
This mandate of the Legislature seems to have been duly hon- 
ored bj our county, as we find thai 1 1 1 « - < ommissioners of Henry 
■ooo passed an order thai " Eliaa Willets, Sheriff of Wayne 
county be allowed fifteen dollars" for the service, which was 
certainly dheap enough, considering thai tin- appointees lived in 
four countps, and thai the Sheriff must travel at least 250 miles 
in the performance of his duty. On the other hand, these early 
( ommis>ioners were certainly quite as liberal as could have 
lion .«xpected, -iiire the -mil was about one-tenth of the entire 
revenue, county and State, collected fur the first fiscal year. 

T<> perfeel the organization, a corps of county officials iiad 
to be provided, and Governor Jennies, pursuant to a law for 
■och rases made and provided, issued a warrant, January l, 
1892, to Jesse H. Healy, a citizen of the incipient county, to act as 
Sheriff, with instructions to issue notice of ah election to be held 
at -ome private house, at an early day, for the election of a 
Sheriff, Clerk ol the Circuit Court, two Associate Judges, and 
three County Commissioners. Of the number of votes cast, or 
tho points Oil which the contest turned, no information can at 
thll lay be found. This election was held prior to July, 1822, 



TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATION, 15 

as the officers elect were all furnished with certificates bearing 
date Inly 5, 1K22. 

Jesse II. Ilealy was elected Sheriff'; Rene Julian, Clerk and 
.Recorder; Thos. It. Stanford and Elisha Long, Associate 
Judges; Allen Shepherd, Win. Shannon, and Samuel Goble, 
Esqrs., Commissioners. 



TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATION. 



At the tim^ of the assembling of the first Commissioners' 
Court, June 10, 1S22, there were no civil townships in exist- 
ence, within its jurisdiction, and one of its first cares was to 
provide a few of these indispensable dependencies, "with a local 
habitation and a nam**." After describing, in fitting language, 
the mcte< and bounds of these "territories," the Commissioners 
declared that "from and after the first Saturday in July next" 
they should each "enjoy all tin- rights and privileges andjurisdic- 
tions which to separate and independent toicnships do or may 
ly belong -</• appertain" 
• Whether this idea of an independent and separate existence 
and jurisdiction smacks of "State rights" or not, the reader 
must judge. The Commissioners were an authority in the land, 
in those days, and it is quite safe to conclude that they fully 
intended to carve out of the territorial limits of Henry county 
several little republics, which were to be fully competent to 
manage their domestic institutions in their own way. 

The townships thus provided were four in number, viz. : 
Dudley, Wayne, Henry, and Prairie. Dudley and Wayne com- 
posed the First Commissioners' District, Henry the Second, and 
Prairie the Third. 

The original boundaries of Henry county were not identical 
with those of the present day, and, as a consequence, the bounda- 
ries of the townships lying on the east and west borders of 
the county underwent some change when the new boundaries 



,,; IIKMiY <<>! W*f\ rVM ANU P* BMBMT ' 

HUM t,v tii- Legislature, 1" is:; . a township netting, 
BOtwtthsUndlng the slas «•'" the township, must have been a 
m 01 nr-iir la those Hmts. three fears after, when the popula- 
Hm bod probably ■ m thai double*, the whole vote tor (Jov- 

■Hfctf WM hut 8M 



DUDLEY TOWNSHIP. 



Dudley, th<- Bret township called into being by the fiat of the 
Comn.i-i.HHT-. -inn. • II. 1833, began at "the southeast corner of 
Henry county, of which it is a part," and winning thence west 
M the count} line dividing Henry, Payette and Rush counties, 
■bout nine and one-fourth miles from the present east line of 
the county, and was sfa miles in width. It consequently con- 
tained :it least fifty-five and one-half sections of hind, and com- 
prlsed all of its present limits and about four-fifths of the 
pre* ni tnu oshlp of Franklin. 

a i this date, it isestlmated Chat there were not 160 persons 
residing within the limits of the township* 

\ round of log rollings, house raisings, and similar "bees" 
occupied much of their time, and talk with one of these vete- 
rans and you will very likely he told that they enjoyed them- 
- and fell as hopeful, contented, and happy as at any period 
since. 

"Friends' Meeting House," a hewed log edifice, which 
the writer remembers as standing about one mile southeast 
«.i the present Bite of Hopewell Meeting House, was erected in 
ls-j;( or 1834, and was, no doubt, the first attempt at church 
architecture in the township or in the county.* The congrega- 
tion had been in the habit of worshiping at the house of Win. 

• \ Baptist church, a log building abont 18x3P feet, was erected about 

Due .in i one-half miles northeast of Daniel Paul's, so near the same time 

as to render i; dlfiotfll bo determine which is entitled to the claim of 

Tlii« cluir.li v. ,. . i. ed as a school house for a number of years. 



DUDLEY TOWNSHIP. 17 

C'.iarles, north of where Harden's old tavern stand used to be. 
An ancient orchard still marks the spot. 

A school house soon followed, with all the elegant appurte- 
nances and appliances of the times for assisting the "young idea 
to shoot." 

Dudley was the gateway of the county, as three principal 
thoroughfares from the east and southeast led through it. It 
presents, perhaps, less variety of surface than any other town- 
ship in the county, being almost, entirely table land, lying on 
"the divide" between Flatrock and West River, with perhaps 
two-thirds of its surface finding drainage to the latter. 

The passersby of early days regarded it as most unpromis- 
ingly wet. Although very little of it can be termed rolling„it 
is now seen to be sufficiently undulating to permit the most 
complete drainage of almost every acre, and under improved 
culture the large average crops and general fertility stamps it 
as one of the best bodies of land in the county. 

Dudley of to-day is five and a quarter by six miles in extent, 
an 1 thus contains about 19,000 acres ; divided into 191 farms, an 
average of about 103 acres each ; supporting an almost exclu- 
sively rural population of 1,348 souls, about 43}., per square 
mile, divided between 268 families and 267 dwellings. Of this 
number but 13 are foreigners — less than one per cent, while the 
natives of the "Old North State" number 126, or nearly ten per 
cent, of the whole population. The value of the lands and im- 
provements for 1870 was $542,120. The town lots and improve- 
ments were valued at $6,300, and the personal property at 
$249,970, making a total of wealth of $798,590. 

The first election was ordered to be held at the house of Mr. 
Paul, on Saturday, July 6th, 1822, for the purpose of electing 
one Justice of the Peace, and William McKimmy was appointed 
Inspector. William McKimmy and Garnett Hayden were ap- 
pointed first Overseers of the Poor for Dudley township, and 
Richard Pearson and Robert Thompson "Fence-viewers." The 
elections were afterward held at Benjamin Strattan's for a num- 
ber of years ; about 1840, at Daniel Reynolds' ; then at New 
Lisbon. Soon two polls were opened — one at New Lisbon, 



K1 COUNTY; PA81 IND PR] 31 s I 

ither near Straughn' i- !| - were united, 

and helil al J - Mac; '-. VI this time tli< re nre two polls— 

\ i Minn, mid tlie other "ii tin' National Road. 

lay, Instead of the mere "trace,* 1 tlie "See brail," the 

blazed bridle path, winding around through the thickets, around 

or over logs, through "slashes,' 1 or high grass and stinging net- 

hlgh as a man's sfaonlders, so well remembered bythe M old- 

.-i Inhabitant,** or over miles and niiles of "cordoroy road," of 

widen u lnternal Improvements*' Dudley could, twenty or 

twcnt\ -live years ago, vie witli the world, tlie township bftS 
Dear thirty mllet of line turnpike, splendid and well drained 
farms and farm houses that vie with the best. 



W A Y N E T O W N S II 1 P. 



The n< ■cond grand division named in order, on the public 
records, was to be known and designated by the name and style 
<ii Wayne lownship. It was originally six miles from north 
to south, and eleven in length from east to west, including all 
that territory west of Dudley. It thus included in its fair do- 
main about 12,000. acres of very valuable land, much of it to-day 
the most valuable in the county. Its first boundaries included 
one-fifth of the present townstdp of Franklin, all of Spiceland, 
and i --ixth of Greensboro. Although thrice shorn of a por- 
tion of it* "independent jurisdiction," its present area is a 

trifle iu excess of thirty-three square miles. 

W.n Hi- township bad, at the date of its organization, from 
thirty to forty families, though the very choice lands, line 
springs, and abundant water power of Bine River, Buck and 
Montgomery creeks, marked it for rapid settlement. A village 
was projected at the mouth of Mongomery's Creek, on the 
. oiinty line, as well as "old State road," at once. This became 
the emporium of trade for the region round about, and rejoiced 
in all the metropolitan splendors of a "one-eyed grocery" and 
dry goo - -tore kept, by Aaron Maxwell. This "Chamber of 



WAVNK TOWNSHIP. 19 

Commerce," in 1822, consisted of a very indifferent log cabin, 
with a wide fire place, flanked on one side by a rude table, 
where Mrs. Maxwell compounded "red bread," ami on the other 
by a barrel of whisky and about as m uiy bolts of calico, etc., 
as coidd be piled upon a chair. 

Raccoon pslts seem to have been the principal circulating 
medium, and several years afterward, when the stimulus of 
sharp competition had taxed the energies of the merchant 
princes of the day, the old ladies were at times under the ne- 
cessity of sending by the mail boy for a little tea. or other lux- 
ury, and young ladies in quest of a bridal trosseau woidd mount 
theii palfreys and make a day's journey to Connersville for the 
outfit. 

The Methodists had preaching at West Liberty, in a very 
early day, perhaps as early as 182:?, Rev. Constant Bliss Jones 
officiating. The preaching was held at Mr. Ilatton's private 
house for some time. Jones was succeeded by Rev. Mr. Brown, 
who seems to have resided at AVest Liberty. Mrs. Eliza Jones 
(then Miss Cary,) taught a school, in 1825 and 1S2G, and was the 
first female teacher in those parts. She, with Mrs. Peggy Jones, 
the minister's wife, organized the first Sabbath school in the 
township, perhaps in the countj-. 

At the first meeting of the Board of Commissioners, an 
election was ordered to be held at the house of Joseph Watts, 
July 6th, for the purpose of electing the one Justice of the 
Peace for the township. Abraham Ileaton was appointed In- 
spector, and seems to have been elected the first Justice. In 
August, Elijah McCray and E. Hardin were appointed Consta- 
bles of Wayne township, until the February term, next in 
course. In November, Daniel Priddy was also appointed 
Constable. Ebenezer Goble and Samuel Furgason were ap- 
pointed Overseers of the Poor, and Daniel Ileaton, Shaphet 
McCray, and Jacob Parkhurst first "Fence- viewers in and for 
Wayne township," and Abraham Ileaton was also appointed 
Superintendent of the school sections in Wayne township. The 
elections in this township were afterward held at Prudence 
Jackson's house, till 1825; changed to Solomon Byrkett's, in 



M) 1,1 Mr, 001 UTTj PASI IHD PRESENT. 

is_>7. tin ii to Jacob Parkhursfe, then to Kaysville and 
Knlghtatown alternately, and soon afterward fixed permanently 
• Knlghtsto* n. 

Abraham Beaton seems t«> have had, at this earlj day, a 
mill erected at the month <•(' Buck Creek, a few rode south of" 
whit haa i«>r man] yean been known as the "White Mill." 
John Anderson, afterward "Judge Anderson," then a fresh arri- 
val, dng tin- race and, receiving $100 for the samfe, walked to 
Brookville ami entered a part of the present sit.- of Kaysville. 

[mmedlatelj alter the organization of the township was 
effected, the Commissioners ordered the location of a road "to 
commence at tin- town of New Castle, ami from thenee the 
Dearest and besl waj to Abraham Heaton's mills, ami from 
thence to the count] line, where section thirty-three ami thirty- 
four corner in township sixteen and range nine, on the line 
dividing fifteen ami sixteen." The terminus was West Liberty, 
and the mute selected was the river route from New Castle via 
Teas 1 mill, the stone quarry, and Elm Grove. This was the 
id ordered in the county, the first being from New Castle 
via John Baker's and David Thompson's, on Symons' Creek, to 
the count] line, on a direct course, to shook's Mill, in Wayne 
county, which Bhows of what importance the opening of the 
'•< racker line" was to the early settlements. Not to he won- 
di red at either, since l *going t<> mill" required about two to fcur 
day- out of the month. 

Wayne is the most populous and wealthy township of the 
count] to-day. According to the recent census, its area is di- 
vided into 306 farm-: an average of about 103 acres each. It 
has a population of 3,331, or about 100 per square mile. The 
vain.- of lands ami Improvements tor 1870 was 1684,710; of town 
lots and Improvements, 3433,120; while personal property foots 
up to the snug little sum of $692,540, making atotal of $1,7S4,370. 

S thing more than one-half its population is to he found In 

Knlghtstown, Kaysville, and Grant and Elizabeth Cities, 330 of 
it- 680 families residing in Knightstown alone. Dudley and 
Wayne, with the townships carved out of them, constitute the 
First Commissioners 1 hi-triet, as they always have. 



HKNRY TOWNSHIP. 21 



HENRY TOWNSHIP. 



Ilenry, the third township, in the "order of their going," 
upon the records, was also called up June, 1822, and was a strip 
of territory six miles wide, extending quite across the county 
from east to west, and including what is now Liberty, Henry, 
three-fifths of Harrison, and nearly all of Greensboro township. 
This constituted the Second Commissioners' District. It at first 
contained 118 square miles, or over 75,000 acres. 

Henry township now contains 36 square miles, and is near- 
ly the geographical center of the county, and is the only one in 
the county in which the Congressional is identical with the 
civil township. Ten years after the organization of the county, 
this township had not over 509 inhabitants, while to-day it num- 
bers over 2,800, nearly one-half of whom live in the "rural 
deestricts." It now contains 135 farms of near 160 acres each, 
and maintains a population of 78 to the square mile. There are 
592 families, 67 colored persons, 121 of foreign birth, and 152 
natives of old North Carolina, in the township. 

Blue River, dividing the township nearly in the center, is 
too sluggish to furnish a good mill scat within the limits of the 
township. Duck Creek skirts through the northwest corner of 
the township, and Flatrock through the southeast corner. The 
table lands between these streams are nearly one hundred feet 
above the bed of Blue River, and, although there is perhaps as 
much rolling land in this township as any in the count} r , there 
is very little so rolling as to merit the term broken, or too much 
so as to admit of culture. Recent efforts at ditching and 
straightening the channel of Blue River bid fair to completely 
redeem the marshy bottom lands, which are of inexhaustible 
fertility. 

The county seat being located in Henry township Avould of 
itself (even in the absence of natural advantages,) hav.e secured 
to this township an important position in the county, both 



; polltlonlljr. I >wnship In both 

i due of the r.'.il and personal 

-ii <>i 1870, i> shown to 

.,, nrt improvements, 

- I 1 1. m iking tlii! sim<^ total ol 

.11 n us held at the house of s-imucl Be Ison ; 

J i \V > . I irJ, Mi -ij ii Ch mi- 

,1.1- Watktns, were appointed Feme-viewers for 

Henrj tow nslilp. w in. Sli innoii and Samuel Bedson were elcct- 

.-,1 iii he Peace. 



.' I; \ 1 IM i; TOW NSII IP, 



The fourth of the original townships, included all the territory 
lying north of Henry, and was eight miles in width and nearly 
twent] in length, thus giving it an area of nearly 160 square 
mill - or all. tut 105/HX) acres* Within its ample limits were all 
Of the present townships of Blue River, Stony Creek, Prairie, 
Jefferson, Kail Creek, and about two-fifths of Harrison. 

In spite of the mutations which have since overtaken it, 
the township of this day remains live miles in width by eight 
in length, thus containing over 25,000 acres, which arc divided 
Into 2i»l farms, averaging about 122 acres each. 

Prairie contains four villages, viz.: Luray, Springport, Mt. 
Summit, and Ilillsboro. About seventy families live in the 
villages, and two hundred and forty in the "country."' The 
Population numbers 1,022, or a little more than forty to the 
Mjuare mile. The value of farms and improvements last year 
•s.m |569,310; of town lots and improvements, $10,610; of per- 
sonal property, $258,650, making a total for the township of 
fviS,»70. 

This ll a remarkable township in many respects. Situated 
as It Is, on the "divide" between White and Blue Itivers, about 



LIBERTY TOUNSifip. B3 

one-half its surface finds drainage to the north and the remain- 
der southward, and although tints situated on the "water shed," 
nearly one-sixth of its snrfat c consists of low, wet meadows, 
from fifty to eighty feet below the general level of the table 
binds. It is from these meadows <»r prairies that the township 
take- its name. These "flowerj leas" seem ever to have been 
coveted, although within the memory of the oldest inhabitant 
large portions of them were so Hooded with water much of the 
year as to be chiefly valuable as the resort of waterfowl. To- 
day, however, under an extensive system of drainage, even the 
wettest portions of these prairies are heing thoroughly re- 
deemed, making farms which for inexhaustible fertility cannot 
be surpassed anywhere. 

The first election for Justice of the Peace was held July 6, 
1S22, at the house of Absalom Harvey, Win. Harvey, Inspector. 
Wm. Harvey and Abijah Cane were, appointed first Overseers 
of the Poor, and Abraham Harvey, James Massey, and Robert 
Gordon, Fence-viewers "in and for said township." In 1826, 
the place of holding elections was changed to Sampson Smith's, 
afterward to Enoch Dent's, and again to E. T. Hickman's, where 
it remained for many years, but, in 1846, was changed to James 
Harvey's. 

The first school house in the township was built on Shubal 
Julian's land, better known of late as the "Shively Farm," per- 
haps in 1824 or 1825. It was a small affair, with split saplings 
for seats, and a fire-place across the entire end. Senator Hess 
and Ex-Treasurer Julian graduated here. Milton Wayman was 
first teacher. This house, was also used as a church by the Bap- 
tists. 



LIBERTY TOWNSHIP. 

o 

Liberty was the fifth township organized, this important 
ceremony bearing date of February 12, 1822. It was a clipping 



:1 HCMB1 "" M > ■ P vsl VN " ' , " l ' :sKNT 

I,, .... the east end ol Henry township, and, acoording to the 

m -i.- and I nda ate* rlbed, il «& at Brat one mile less in ex- 

i,.„- ;,, are* than at present. It la now six miles 

irlde oj riJ and thrai -fourths In length, thus embracing about 
fortj square miles, mostly table land, of a very (toe quality 
generally. FUtrock, rising in BlueRlvei township, enters this 
• m Dshlp near the middle of it.- northern boundary, passing out 
DMi the southwest corner. The vallej of thia stream is so 

■lightly depressed as I nn nothing wortbj bo be called bluffs, 

and, although too sluggish to be of much value for hydraulic 
purposes, It, with it- -mall tributaries, seema In some way con-: 
neoted with the drainage and fertility of a pride belt of sui>erb 
(arming lands. The two Symons' Creeks, hereto fore mentioned, 
(tod their sources in Libert) township, and dow furnish ample 
drainage to many sections of Bne land that, do ub tl es s, in the 
paily days of this connty, passed for very wel land. 

The aggregate value of the farms and improvements of Lib- 
cm township to-day exceeds that of the farms of any other 
township of the county, and the evidence of thrift and "farm- 
ing for profit" arc nowhere mare generally visible than in Lib- 
erty township. Four villages have been projected in the town- 
ship -Millville, Ashland, Petersburg, and Chicago, though it is 
presumed that the proprietors of the two last named, if still 
Living, have long since abandoned the hope of seeing them out- 
strip their namesakes. Under the new turnpike law, many 
miles of turnpike have sprung into existence, and to-day the 

l pleol tiii— township rejoice in the advantage of traveling to 

almost an\ poinl on good pikes, there being about thirty miles 
completed In the township, and nun h more projected. 

The population numbers 1,868, almost exclusively rural. Its 
24,000 acres arc divided Into 2(!U farms; an average of 120 acres 
ci'h. Ii- population numbers about 49 to the square mile, and 
is divided between 376 families. There are ft persons of color, 
19 foreigners, 64 North Carolinians, and :?2 Virginians, within 

the t<>\\ nshlp. 

The wealth of the township was estimated for the purpose 
ol taxation, In Wo, as follows: Farms and improvements, 



STOXY CREEK TOWXSHIP. 25 

$712,-130; town lots and improvements, $5,950; personal proper- 
ly. $326,410; total valuation, $1,043,790. 

The lirst election was held at the house of Ezekiel Leave]], 
on the first Saturday in May, 1S23, for the election of two Jus- 
tices of the Peace. Ezekiel Leavell was Inspector. John Smith 
was made Supervisor of all the roads in the' township. Jacob 
Tharp and Cyrus Cotton were appointed Overseers of the Poor. 
In 1S25, the elections were ordered to be held at the house of 
Samuel I). "Wells, and continued to be held at his house for a 
number of years. 



STONY CREEK TOWNSHIP. 



Tins township, the next in order of organization, was "set 
up" November 11, 1828. By its creation Prairie Township lost 
about one-third of its "independent jurisdiction," as Stony 
Creek was bounded on the west by the range line separating ten 
and eleven, and extending, as it did, to the eastern boundary of 
the county, including all north of Liberty township, made it a 
region uf no small consequence. It was at first eight miles from 
north to south, six miles wide on the north, and about six and 
three-fourths on its south line, and had in its ample area about 
forty-nine and one-half sections of land. A tier of eight sec- 
tions have since been re-annexed to Prairie to compensate, no 
doubt, in a measure, for the loss of more than two townships on 
the west. Blue Biver township lias also been carved out of 
Stony Creek, thus reducing it in size to bare twenty square 
miles, about two-fifths of its primal area, and leaving it the 
smallest of our "baker's dozen." 

The township is fittingly named from a creek, which, rising 
near, runs nearly parallel with, its southern border, then runs 
north across the township and finally into "White River. The 
immense quantities of bowlders or "traveled stones" scattered 
over some of the highest ridges and points in the township 



Ill W'.T COl MT; JUST AND PRESENT. 

mum not only arrest the attention and excite the curiosity of 
nrer, but al onoe obviate the necessity of inquiry as to 

This township rhaps, a greater variety of 

surface an l soil than any other equal area in the county, and 
while there is every variety of timber to be found in 
the county, so far as our observation has gone, there is a larger 
pr-.j, irtlon of oak here than elsewhere, and less poplar, ash, &c, 
than in any place Boutb of township eighteen. 

There i- a portion <>f two or more prairies in this township, 
similar to thof irie. The bottom lands are doubtless 

equal toany in the county, while the higher lands, which the 
casual oh-, rver would, perhaps, pronounce thin or poor, not 
only produce abundant crops of the smaller grains, hut Indian 
corn of more than average Bize. There are 118 farms in the 
township; an average of about 109 acres each. Blountsville 
and Rogersville are the only villages. The population is 034; 
dividcl between 197 families. There are thirteen colored per- 
sons, 10 foreigners, 21 natives of North Carolina, and I>5 Virgin- 
ians in the towi 

This township can boast of capacious barns, some of which, 
for style and finish, would put to shame the dwellings of some of 
our well-to-do farmers. 

The assessi I value of farms and improvements is $178.910 ; 
of town lots, $0,500; and of personal, $112,330, making a total 
of |333 

'I'll ■ first election was held at the house of Thomas Hohson. 
Jr., December 20, 1898, for the purpose of electing one Justice 
of the Peace, Wm. Wyatt, Inspector. 



V ALL C B E E K T OWNS II I P. 

o 

The next township in order was named Fall Creek, organ- 
ised August, 1829. This was at Orst declared to be eight miles 



FALL CREEK TOWNSHIP. 27 

m length, from north to south, by seven in width-. Tt thus em- 
braced within its limits fifty-six square miles, or 35,840 acres, 
and yet with this ample domain the township could only muster 
twenty-nine votes at an exciting election, in 1830, and of these 
hut three were Whig votes. Since this day, a strip two miles in 
width has been given to Harrison township, and two miles on 
the east to Jefferson, leaving the township six miles in length, 
from north to south, and five miles in width. 

Fall Creek is a well watered and very fertile township, and 
rrell improved farms and good buildings indicate that the hus- 
bandman is being well repaid for his labors. The creek from 
which the township takes its name, rising near the north-east 
corner, and meandering through, leaves the township, near the 
southwest corner, having sufficient fall to furnish valuable water 
power. Deer Creek, a tributary, rising in Harrison township, 
near Cadiz, emptying into Fall Creek, about one and one-half 
miles north of Mechanicsburfif, also furnishes fair water power, 
A "corn cracker'' was erected on this stream, about the year 
1826. Benjamin Franklin, then a boy, now a noted preacher, is 
said to have dug the race. This was the first mill in that part 
of the county, and, notwithstanding these early facilities for 
procuring the "staff of life," Lewis Swain and others might 
have been seen living on grated corn bread or mush, for weeks 
at a time, some eight years afterward. 

A very rude log school house, with split pole benches and 
greased paper windows, did service in the Keesling neighbor- 
hood, as late as 1831 or 1832. Robert Price, a brother of Rice 
Price, was the first teacher. Lewis Swain was af- 
terward Principal of this institution. Some of the earlier settlers 
can remember attending log rollings every day for weeks to- 
gether. 

Middletown, Meehaniesburg, and IToney Creek are the vil- 
lages of the township, and contain nearly one-half the popula- 
lation of the township; 197 families living in town, and 209 in 
the country. The total population of the township is 2,004, or 
about CG to the square mile. Of these 31 are foreigners, 36 North 
Carolinians, 321 Virginians, and 4 colored persons. 



iii:m:i OOUMTTj PAffE \m» PBESE3TT. 

wealth of the township was estimated, last year, for 
the purpose of taxation, as follows: rami-. $522,270; town lot*. 
172,650; personal property, $41 2,280; total, $1,007,100. 

All elections were ordered i<> be held al the house of Abra- 
ham Thomas, but, In 1832, ii was ordered that they hereafter b« 
hold at liiddletown. 



I R A N !•; I. I X TOWNS II I 1*. 



franklin township was organized on the 5th of January, 
; i. h was constructed out ■■(' i>uill.-y ami Wayne 
townships, ami. from tin' filler making it a township, we learn 
that tin' west line was aboul three-fourths of mile west of the 
a illair.- of Ogden, ami continued north to the line dividing town- 
ships Bixteen and seventeen, which would make the northwest 

er of Franklin, about one mile west of the Duck Creek 
M ting House. From this point the northern boundary ran 

eight mile-, or within three-fourths of a mile of tin' present 

rn limits of the township. This gave it jurisdiction over 
nearly all it- present territory, all of Spiceland, a .-mall fraction 
■ ■: w :i\ ue just north of the "stone quarry"; .and three sections 
now claimed by Greensboro. In the following year, a change 
was made in the western boundary, which gave Wayne another 
tier of Bections and made the northwest corner of Franklin 
township, just about where the Duck (reek Meeting House now 

u, and. perhaps, within the corporate limit- of Greensboro. 

All elections were ordered to be held at the house of Joseph 
Copeland. John Copeland was appointed Inspector, and Joseph 
helium. Lister; and the first election was ordered on the first 

irday in February, 1830. Upon the setting up of Spiceland 
i"" oship, in 1822, Franklin, which underwent another mutation, 
was given a slice off of Dudley, and was then contracted to it* 
present limits Of live miles in width, from cast to west, by six 
in length. 



GREENSBORO TOWNSHIP. 20 

Flatrock "drags its slow length along*' near the middle of 
t!ie township, and, although at two or three points it lias been 
compelled tododuty as a mill stream, it has never established 
much of a character for energy. It, however, is the natural 
drain of a remarkably fertile body of haul. Buck Creek drain* 
the northwest corner of the township. 

The present area of the township is about 17,200 acres, di- 
vided into 151 farms; an average of about 114 acres cad. 
Lewisville is the only village, 8G families residing in it, white 
313 "reside in the country." Of the population 42 are foreigners 
13are colored, 124 are North Carolinians, and 29 Virginians. 

The wealth .of the township is reported thus: Farms and 
improvements, ' 50; town lots and improvements, $42,960; 

personal property. $332,260; total, $875,970. 



GREENSBORO TOWNSHIP 



Greensboro town-hip, so named from an ancient village of 
North Carolina, was organized fc&pfiember 7, 1S31. It was at 
first described as - L all that part of the territory of Henry town- 
si of the rango line dividing nine and ten." This made 
is seven miles from east to west, and six from north to south, 
which would include nearly all of the prsent area of the town- 
ship and three-fifths of Harrison. In 1838, one-half its territo- 
ry was given to Harrison, and a small addition— lour square" 
miles— was made to it, taken from the townships of Wayne and 
Franklin. This change removed the township line one mile 
south from the village of Greensboro, and left the township 
with an area of twenty-five square miles, or about 1(1,000 acres, 
divided into US farms; an average of about 135 acres each. 

Greensboro and AVoodville, on the line between Harrison 
and Greensboro, are the only villages. Of the 315 families in 
the township 70 live in Greensboro. The population ot the 
township numbers 1,490. Of these but 6- are reported of for- 



g) iikm; . COUNTTj PAST and PBE8ENT. 

red, while 291 are North Carolinians, and 
nla. 

rdered to be held al Greensboro. The 
Id on the fourth Saturday of September, 1831, and 
m ide the first [nsp sctor of Elections, 
n well watered and fertile township. Blue 
River, skirting through the southeast corner, and Duck Creek, 
running a< r a end, furnish fine water power. 

Mm h of tin se « ater rem-,- is quite rollh 

knolls, supplied with the most excellent grave), render turn- 
pike building a comparatively easy matter. Montgomery's 
Creek, crossing the township near the middle, and Six-mile, 
rising In, and running across, the western part of the township, 
renders the c< of a large and fertile portion of 

the township originally counted as wet,) a matter of no great 
difficulty. 

The ass -- I value of Greensooro township is: Farms, 
I 14,190; personal, $1! 



J I A RRISO N TO W NSHI P. 



The large and Important township of Harrison was formed 
out of the north hair of Greensboro and two tiers of sections off 
the south side of Fall < reek, November 7. 1838, and all elec- 
tions w. re ordered to be held at Cadiz. 

The general aspcel of this township, which is live miles 
south and seven from oast to west, is. that or high 
gently and ulatiBg table land, with considerable portions inclin- 
ing to wet, but very fertile under a system of intelligent drain- 
ago already extensively begun. A larger number of small 

mils find their head waters in this than any oilier township 
of the county perhaps. A small portion of the northeast cor- 

of the township finds drainage into Bell Creek, and run* 
nor h, and near the same dpot rises Honey Creek, also running 



FPICELAND TOWNSIIir. 31 

north. Deer Creek, rising near the center of the township, also 
runs north by west, and empties into Fall Creek near Mechan- 
icsburg, while two other small tributaries of Fall Creek liave 
their source in the north and northwest portions of the town- 
ship, and in the central and western portions, Sugar Creek 
takes its rise aud runs west, while Montgomery's Creek rises in 
tlie south part and runs south, and the west fork of Duck Creek 
rising near Cadiz, also runs south, while the principal branch 
of that creek, with some small tributaries, pretty effectually 
drains the eastern end of the town. -hip. A little south and wost 
of Cadiz can d I e found some of the highest hind in tl « 

West part of the county. Cadiz and a part of Woodville ar« 
the only villages of the township. 

Harrison has 183 farms, which would make the. average 
about 122 acres each. 

The township is as 'as follows: Farm?, $445,010; town 

lots, $11,030; personal, $217,300; total. $673,430. 

At the first election, en the first Saturday in December, 
I • I, William Tucker Inspector, there were thirty-two votes 
cast — sixteen for each of the opposing candidates lor Justice 
of the Peace — which state of facts rendered another election 
necessary. Considering that the county had been settling 
up for a score of years, thirty-two voters must be counted 
rather slow pr< jress. Harrison has to-day a population of 
1.016, of whom 32 arc colored, 15 arc foreign born, 101 are na- 
tives ut' North Carolina, and 100 were born in Virginia. 

The first church and school house was probably at Clear 
Spring, in the southeast corner of the township, constructed in 
IS31-2, while it was a part of Greensboro township. 



SPICELAXD T O W N S IT I P. 



This township the smallest in the county except Stony 
Creek, wag organized June, 1S-J2, "with headquarters'' atOgden. 



him;\ '"' STTj PAST USD PBESKHT. 

. : - It *ai bund faj taking ■ sli< B Wayne and a four- 

p off the weal side of Franklin township, it la of irreg- 

ipe, being da mlleato length on the eastern Bide, with 

ago length ol Ave miles and wldtli of four and one-half 

Blue River forms the boundary for about fchrecmiles on 

. its area Is a little short of twenty-two square 

ui 13,000 acres, whicli Is divided among 173 farms, 

ii average of only about 7.". acres each, the smallest av- 

ii the county. 

< reek, running In a southwest course, crosses the 
southeastern corner of the township into Rush, where it makes 
a short turn and re-enters Henry county about the mi. idle of 
th line of the township and bearing in a northwest 
Bourse, nearly four mil into Wayne township and falls 

ie River at the old Heaton or White Mills, furnishing 
Juable water power, perhaps, than any other stream of 
in the county, notwithstanding it is a very sluggish 
-i\ or seven miles, or at least one-half itslengtb. 
Blue River, on tli" northwest, and tin' classic little stream 
; Brook Bezor, which rises near tin' center of the town- 
ship and runs north two and one-half miles with an average 
.;.--., nt of about tliirty feet to the mile, constitute the only 
: i - of note in thetownship. 
Notwithstanding the sinallness of Spice-land township in 
respect to arcn, ii i- bj no means insignificant in some other 
il is the third in point of population in the county, 
and ;in average in point of wealth, while its farm lands are as- 
sessed, for purposes of taxation, about twice as high as >ome 
other parts of the county,and more than five dollars higher 
upon the acre than the next highest in the county. Tins is 
doubtless owing In part to its division into smaller farms and 
consequent thorough tillage, bu< much Is owing to the high 
average quality <>t' the land for general farming purposes. 

The population <>f Spiceland township numbers 2,020, or 
about '•'- i»t square mile; <>f these 334 were born In North Car- 
olina^ in Virginia, 17 out of the United states, and c>5 aru 
d persons. 



JEFFERSON TO"WXSIIIl\ 33 

The first election was held at Ogden, August, 1812. A few 
years afterward, the poll was divided, and elections have been 
held both at Spiceland and Ogden ever since, Spiceland gener- 
ally giving the strongest poll lor ten years past. 

The assessed value is, in farms, $437,400 ytown lots, $65,870; 
persona!, 290,310; total $810,040.' 



J E F F E R S O N T O W NSHI P. 



This township was organized 'September 5, 1843, out of the 
spare territory of Fall Creek and Prairie. The eastern half of 
it, is eight miles in length, while on the west line it is but six 
miles. It is lour miles in width and contains twenty-eight 
Square miles, or nearly 18,000 acres, all passably good land, and 
much of ii very line farming land-. Its principal stream is Bell 
Creek-, which, with its tributaries, traverses nearly the entire 
length of the township. Honey Creek is in the southwest, and 
a branch or tributary of Buck Creek, in the northeast corner, 
oarrics into white River a portion of its surplus waters. Of the 
Soil and general characteristics of the township we can speak 
less from actual observation than of any other equal portion of 
the county. Sulphur Springs is the only village. 

The population of the township numbers 1,234, divided into 
330 families, 175 of whom live in the agricultural districts. 
There are 23 foreigners, 12 North Carolinians, and 109 Virgin- 
tans in the township. The average size of a farm in this town- 
ship is about 103 acres, and the population numbers about 40 to 
the square mile. 

The farms and improvements are valued, for the purpose, of 
taxation, at $359,290; town lots, $13,3DJ; personal, $188,050 ; 
total, $505,140. 

The elections were first ordered to bo held at the house of 
Michael Swope, on the 2nd day of October, 1843, for the pur- 
pose of electing a Justice. 



; it MKMIY COUMTT; PAW AND PRESENT. 

BLU E Bl ^ E B TOWNSHIP, 



: it rganlzed, and one at the smallest townships of the 

count] . <•< n tains :i trifle more than twenty-two square miles. It 
was formed from the south hair of Stony Creek township, by 
the * ' ommissi< ners, on the 6th day of June, 1848. 

All elections won- •,. at the house of "Philip Moore, 

or at the meeting house near his house." 

Blue River township takes its name quite aptly from b< [ng 
. both branches of the stream of that name, so inti- 
mately connected with the prosperity and history of our coun- 
ty. "Big 1 it is often called, rises near the middle of the 

!. portion of the township, and runs nearly north about 
three and one-half miles to within about one-half mile of Rog- 
ers die. in Stony Creek township, where it hears to the west 
and i« soon wending its way amid the prairies of Prairie town- 
*;d;>. The slashes or head waters of this branch of the river are 
known in the G. W. Duke neighborhood by the classic cogno- 
men of G ' reek. The stream has a fall of perhaps twenty 
n ile for the first three and one-half or four miles, and, 
although the volume of water is small, at the ordinary Stage, 
there are two pretty valuable mill seats on it before it reaches 
J'ruiiit. -I ittie Blue" rises near the north line and northeast 
corner of the township, and, running in a general southwest 

on into Prairie township, unites with the main branch 
about two miles north of New Castle. On this branch of Blue 
River are situated the flourishing woolen mills of Ice, Dunn *fc 
Co., am] the celebrated Qernley Mills,aswel] as some of the 

farms in the north part of the county. Flatrock also 
rises in the northeastern portion of this township, and takes a 
southwesterly direction, while a small branch of Stony (reek. 
almost Interiapping with "Little Blue," somehow finds its way 
through the "water shed" of this part of the county, and runs 
north Into White River, near the western boundary of Randolph 



THE FIRST COURTS. 35 

county. From the number of streams finding their initial point 
in the township, and running in opposite directions, ire easily 
reach the very correct conclusion that some of the highest lands 
in the county arc to lie found here; but being the highest by no 
[means signifies the dryest. i as of the township re- 

quire drainage, to make them available to the husbandman, but 
when so reclaimed a quality. 

Tliis little township i i exclusively rural, having neither vil- 
lage nor postoftice within its limits, unless a half interest in the 
half dozen houses knowi laimed as a village. 

[The population numbers 861— the smallest number of any of 
.these civil divisions of our county. Of its population 13 are 
colored persons, 7 a ins, and 70 ar« 

north < 'arolinia 

The farms and improvements were valued, last year, at 
l$2C!),i r >0, and the personal property at $8S,990; total, $358,240 ; 
an average of about $2,250 per family at the assessed value, or 
BBS than one-half of the real value. 






THE FIRST COURTS 



The act of the Leg! ilature organizing the county provided 
:that the "Circuit Court and all other courts shall meet and bs 
■olden at the house of Jos< ph n, until suitable accommo- 

dation can be had at the county seat." The same act, however, 
provided that the Circuit Court might, if in its wisdom it deemed 
it advisable, remove to some more suitable place. 
commissioners' qoukt. 

In accordance with these provisions, the Commissioner*' 
Court assembled at the house of Joseph llobson (elsewhere 
mentioned as being on the Stephen Elliott farm), on thelOth 
day of June, 1822, and we find the following as the first record 
of an official character ever made in the county of Henry: 



1149133 



JJH in JfRI I ..i sm : PA8T \SI> PRESENT. 

u Jnn 1823. 

"At fl meo( ing of ili^ Board of « 'ountl 

i -,„ i for the countj nf Henry, State of Indiana, ol 

June, \. "■ l«a, present Allan Bhepherd anf 

.. ii ■• pr ■ luced their re*i tive eertiflr-nl 

■ i |.. Sheriff of the rountj aforel 

. institution ami laws of thla Mate." 

A ic Commissioners meant business, their firs! act, aftel 

taking tli.- oath of office, was the appointment ol Rene Julian 

Clerk of the Board, he being the Clerk of the Clrcull Com| 

tecond order reads : 

ore I '••■ the Boanl, thai the Court adjourn until to-morrow morn 

I'clook. Signed, "ALANSnEPHEBP, 

"S \Ml' I I. GOBLE." 

Elisha Shortrldge, who was doubtless eLected at the saml 

time as Shepherd and < table, did no) pal in an appearance until 

i lie July term, when he "appeared and presented his credential 

in due form," and now Goblc was absent, from som i cause not 

mentioned. From time to time the record shows that the Boarl 

Elobson's house, until the May term following, when tliejl 

. -t at the house of Charles Jamison, in Jfew Castle. The 

Board mel in June, July, August, and November, .and yel thl 

records of their doings fill pages, while the 

[ngs of three terms are crowded into eight pages, eaci 

one <>r whi< h n is ahout four tirn ss as large as this page, The 

I i-ourt-hous ■ was a "second-hand cabin," which had bee! 

I up from the bottom, wesl of town, and was, perhaps, l| 

nd without chinking or dauhina 

The -'••■on I day of the firsl term seems to have been a bus! 

- Wm. Shannon, Dilwin Bales, and Abraham Heatonwerl 

appointed Superintendents ol several school sections. Shannon 

was also made Treasurer and John Dorrab Lister of the countw 

a poll ti\ of twenty-five cents was levied for county purpose! 

.*.n I I tudley, IVaj no, Elenry and Prairie townships were created] 

and elections were ordered to he held in each. Inspectors wore 

appointed for each, after which the Board adjourned "until th<i 

firsl Monday in July next." 

The act of the Legislature organizing the county provided 
f« i the appointment of an Agent for the county, who was to 



THE FIRST COURTS. 37 

receive donations of grounds made for the purpose of a county 
Seat, building-, &c. The July term was called for the purpose 
of appointing such Agent, and "the lot fell upon" Ezekie] 
Leavell, who was duly charged with the duty of superintending 
the sale of town lots in the New Castle that was to be, the mak- 
ing of deeds, and, in addition, when a court-house, a jail, or a 
Jtray pen was to be constructed, the Agent was ordered to "offer 
lor sale to the lowest bidder, in the town of New Castle, the 
building of the court-house of Henry county," or the erecting 
of a "pound, commonly called a stray pen," or the "jail of Hen- 
ry county," as the case might be. 

The "Commissioners' Court was a very important institution 
in early times. Treasurers. Collectors, Listers, Constable?, 
Pound-keepers, Supervisors, Road-viewers, County Agents, 
Township Agents, Superintendents of school sections, School 
Commissioners, County Surveyors, Inspectors, &c., were all the 
creatures of this body. It not only was the keeper of the pub- 
lic funds, levied or remitted the taxes, made the allowances of 
the other officers, but granted permits to "keep tavern," "keep 
store." -keep grocery," or "peddle clocks, - ' and with equal facil- 
ity lixed the price of "liquors, lodgings,horse feed, and stablage." 
The early Commissioner seemed equally at home, whether al- 
lowing the Treasurer fifteen dollars for his annual services, or 
Regulating the cost of a half pint of whisky, quart of cider or 
"gallon of oats or com." 

BOAKD OF JUSTICES. 

On the 31st of January, 1824, the Legislature enacted that 
the Justices of the. Peace for the several counties should con- 
stitute a "Board of Justices" for the transaction of "county busi- 
ness," with all the powers and duties heretofore exercised by 
the Commissioners. It was made the duty of "each and even- 
Justice in the several townships to meet" at the seat of Justice 
on the first Monday in September following, "and then and 
there to organize themselves into a County Board of Justice?, 
by eleeting°one of their body President," etc., "and to meet on 
the first Monday of January, March, May, July, September, and 
Xoveinber, in each and every year,"' at such time, unless the 



;:xt. 

; on that day, in whlcll 

: Ijournmenti 

4, IV i J ; ' nipetcnt to transact busi- 

fov< mber terms, when it should] 

I aless number than a quorum 

... .; :v an I compel the attendance of 

li .. tbe duty of the Justices"!* be punctual in 

ir January, May, and Noveml 
and for every failure ther . wi oul a r< isonable excuse, 
licted or . to exceed twenty 

the Circuil Court was required to attend on 

ard and write up its proceedings. The at- 

tendance of the Sheriff, in person or by deputy, was required, 

and ii was made tl e duty of such officer to ex ate the decrees 

' I Board. 

On ill- 2Cth day of January, 1827, the Board of Justices 
was. I, and the Board of Commissioners revived in the 

county of Henry and nine other counties lying In the central 
pari <>i" the State. This new arrangement took effect on the first 
day of August of the same year. 

CIRCUIT CO! KT. 

The first tenn of the Circuit Court was held September no. 

i:. Stanford and Elisha Long, Esqrs., Associate 

J11-: ' i. Presiding Judge of the Circuit Court, 

n.a being present. The court assembled, as the law directed, at 

the house "i" Mr. Hobson, bul availed itself of the privilege of 

i r quarters al once, by adopting Charles Jamison's 

log cabin as the court-house, as the following extract from the 

first record will .-how ■ 

"\t .t Henry County ( Srcult court, began at the house of Joseph 

• an act of tbe Legislature of the state of Indiana, 

i on ihe Ual da) of December, In the year of our Lord, one thous- 

aad eight hundred and twentj -one, and adjourned t<> Hie bouse of Chart ea 

on, in tin- county aforesaid, on Monday, the Both day of September, 

in the fear <>t" «>nr Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two." 

With the exception of the recording of the official bond of 



THE FIRST COURTS. 39 

Wr. Rene Julian, Clerk, on a fly-leaf of the docket, this is the 
krst entry ever made by the Circuit Court of Henry county. 
Alter the paragraph above recited, is found recorded a copy of 
the commissions of Judges Stanford and Long, bearing date of 
July "), 1822, in which Hi? Excellency Governor Jonathan Jen- 
nings sends greeting to all men and "the rest of mankind" that 
he has commissioned the aforesaid T. E. Stanford and the afore- 
said Elisha Long Associate Jud 

"For the county of Henry for and daring the term of seven years, and 
TJntil his successors be appointed and qualified should he so long behave 
well." 

On the back of each commission seems to have bean the 
following endorsement by the Sheriff: 

"Be it remembered that, on the 7th day of August A. D. 1822, person- 
ply came the within commissioned, Thos. K. Stanford or Elisha Long), 
and took the oath against dueling, the oath to support the Constitution of 
the United state;, the oath to support the Constitution of this state, and 
also the oath of office as an Associate Judge of the Henry Circuit Court- 
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, this 7th day of 
Engus . Jksse li. Healy, Sheriff of Henry County." 

The credentials of the two Judges, f the Sheriff and Clerk 
being duly disposed of, Jesse II. Healy 

Returned into this court the writ of venire facias heretofore issued out 
out of this court, with the following panel to serve as Grand Jurors, the 
■resent term, to- wit: Daniel Heaton, whom the court appoints as fore- 
man. Joseph Wats, Ezekiel Leavell, Absalom Harvey, Wn, Bell, David 
Baily. .John Baker, Jesse Cox, Samuel Dill, John Dougherty, Jacob Park - 
■ant, Richard Parsons, Wm. Riden, Dempsey Bees, and David Thomp- 
son, good and. lawful men, and householders ef the county of Henry, who, 
being duly sworn and by the court charged, retired to their room to de- 
liberate." 

Of this first Grand Jury, consisting f fifteen member?, we 
believe Dempsey Eees is the only living representative. The 
room to which they ''retired to deliberate" was a convenient log 
heap hard by. Lot Bloomfield, producing a licence signed by 
the presiding Judge, was permitted to practice in the court, upon 
taking the necessary oath. He was also made Prosecuting At- 
torney for "this and the succeeding term of this court and un- 
til a successor be appointed." 

The next entry shows that Andrew Shannon so far forgot 
the dignity and solemnity of the occasion as to "swear two pro- 
fane oaths in the presence of the court," for which he waa 



HI.vi.'Y OOVXTT; PAW AM 1 PBXSSXT. 

promptlj Dned two dollars, and Ihe Clerk ordered to issue an 
.ti.M i.>r the tame. 

On the next day the court - rdesed that the "permanent BeaJ 
■ I !• in v county shall i>i- engraved on brass, with a vignette of 
md stars espial to the number of States In the Union,' 

ii» t.. be about that of a dollar, and around the rnargin."the 
words, Il'un/ circuit Court." An "ink scrawl, with the words 
Uenrj county biserted therein," was to be the temporary seal. 

On the ond day of tin- term Benry Burkman came into 

court, and. being dray sworn, declared his intention of becom- 

s bona fldt citizen of the I United states, and that he "abjures 
all allegiance t" all foreign princes and potentates whatever, 
sin! particularly to George Fourth, King of Great Britain and 
Ireland and Prince of Wales." 

The Grand Jury then returned into court with the result of 
their deliberations, which consisted of lour bills of indictment 

assault and battery, t<>-w it \ one against Solomon Byrkett, 
two against Samuel Bedson, and one against Peter Smith. Bed- 
son then appeared at "the liar of the court" and acknowledged 
himself guilty as charged in the indictment, and. dispensing 
with a jury, threw himself upon the mercy of the court "which 
after due deliberation being had therein." '-it was considered by 

• ourt that lie make his line to the State in the sum of one 

lar" and Maud committed till thesame be paid. The Judges 

then allowed themselves four dollars each, and the Prosecutor 

live dollar-, and adjourned till March following; and thus- ended 

the first term of the Circuit Court of Henry county. 

At the March term. Bloomfleld failed to put in an appear- 
ance, and -lame- Gilmore, a resident attorney, was appointed to 
cute "the ideas of the state." 

The following panel of Grand Jurors Avere selected for thi* 
•arm : 

Win. M.Kiiiuny, foreman, Solomon Byrkett, Aliijah fain. Jacob 151- 

i Ink, George Hanbjr, Daniel Jackson, John K. Nutt, Allen 

Hunt, bhaphet M«< raj, Wm. If orris, Thomas Hay ami Asahel Woodard, 

ourse all "good and lawful men," although Solomon Byr- 
kett was then under indictment for an unlawful act, and was, 



THE FIRST COURTS. 41 

on the same day, brought to the bar of the court, and, to use 
the quaint language of the record, 

'•It being forthwith demanded of him how he will acquit himself of t* e 
charges, set forth iu the indictment, for plea says he is not guilty as he 
stands indicted, and for trial thereof puts himself upon the country, and 
the said James tiilmore, Prosecutor aforesaid, doth the like; and there- 
upon came a jury, to- wit: Win. Shannon, Nathan Pearson, James Ro/.ell, 
Samuel Bedson, Cristopher IJuud\, Minor Fox, Jacob Richey, Hugh 
M^Danicl, Win. Row (or Roc), John Blunt, Josiah ( lawson, and Jacob 
Witter," 

and thus was formed the first Traverse Jury of Henry County, 

March 31st, 1823, and of the number there is probably not one 

alive to-day. 

Byrkett was acquitted, and the court ordered "that he go 

thereof hence without day." 

There was but one civil action tried, during this term, but 
the Grand Jury returned into court, on the second day, seven 
indictments: one against the dinner of the court-house, for sell- 
ing liquor without license; one against Wesley Prior, Eli Ellis, 
and Charles See, '"for rout;'' one each against Commissioneis 
Elisha Shortridge and Allan Shepherd, for "extortion ;" and 
three cases of assault and battery. The cases for extortion, 
perhaps were what would, at this day, be termed taking usur- 
ious interest. At least there seems to have been no further no- 
tice taken of the matter, the order book not indicating that they 
were dismissed, quashed, continued or tried. 

At this distant day, it will seem a little strange thrt 
the best or foremost men of the times should be found 
among the law-breakers and among the first "hauled over the 
coals" for it. 

This March term of the court fixed a scale of prices for the 
Clerk to be govered by in taking bail of those charged with of- 
fences, as follows: For assault and battery, $100; for routs, 
$50; for extortion, $100; selling spirituous liquor without 
license, $20; and subsequently it further instructed that for in- 
dictments for perjury the bail should be $300; for violations of 
the"Estray act," $100; for affray, $50; and for robbery on the 
public highway, the sum of $100. From all of which it would 

seem that selling liquor without license was a mere peccadillo, 

5 



. f. uj] a v i. PRE81 B i 

.!, n grave offence, and that for two, three, 
,, r :. . ngage in a nice liulf'-ct to" would requlreonlj 

hall the h ill 'i -in in I 'ii of on • no in who attacke l another with- 
out first obtaining his consent, and It will also be noticed thai 
i—:»ijlt ;iml iiatu-ry was placed on a par with highway robbery, 
\i th. Mir.it term, the Grand Jury, thirteen in number, 
wen allowed |19 50 tor their services, and the Prosecutor $8 for 
prose c uting the plea • State and drawing up the seven in- 

dlctaiettts and such other services bj Ik could render, and was 
continued i<>r the next term and until a successor should be ap- 
pointed, although do tl the time a licensed attorney, and the 
oourl sdji nrned, altera three days' Bession, without disposing of 
•i tingle ■ • the trial of one of the Grand Jurors here- 

■ alluded to. It was probably owing to the fact thai noth- 
ing had been completed thai the Judges onlj allowed them- 
selvi - *:t i«>i t h • i > -■ n ici b. 

on was called, on th< 28th day of April, 1823 
with an act of the General Assembly of 1822, 

■ ruing vagrants*), on account of a charge of vagrancy 
against a citizen ol Henry county. The following panel of six- 
Grand Jurors, "good and lawful men,'' were selected to 

consider whether th< person so charged with vagrancy was 



illbi suspected to get his livelihood by gaming, 
ever] able bjlieJ parson, «in i foun.l loitering and wanderin; 
net having wherewithal to maintain himself by i>ome visible 
■ etaEe himself to Labour r»r some honest <-all- 
.!-■■ i livelihood, and :>11 persons who quit their habitation and 
their «i\.-s mid children without suitable means of subsidence, 
me chargeable to the county, and all 
• persons, rambli ithont any visi- 

ble means of soli ill be deemed and considered as vagrants. — 

vi bond In the sum of $50, or be committed to 

till the I itlng of the < Ireuil Court, and if found t" bi ■■. . igranl 

within the meaning ol the law, i»- «;i-. ii a minor, to be "bi und out," 
■ . * • ■ ~, .i n, uscfil trade oi occupation, and if 

o ••! » w «-r : • a, hi is I he h it bj ' • Sheriff for 

received for lii> niie 

ipplied i ' the pa: menl of his debts, and the balance to be . iv- 

■> itthei >f his time, provided, however, that, if he had 

vent to them, and he ml fhl also ivoid 

curltj that he would return to hi>- family and 



THE FIRST COURTS. 13 

such "within the meaning of the law." 

John Dorr. ib. foreman, Charles Jamison, James Stanford, Samuel Dill, 
\- tl el Woo I ird, VVm. Mu Do well, Obailiah B. Weaver, Moses Fink, Sr.. 
Allan ^h.'|)he'-(i, ( ristopher Bundy, Ueorge Hanby, Thomas Watkins, Wm. 
Bunday, Joshua Welboro, Andrew Shannon, Moses Allis. 

Of this jury of "lawful men" two only were under indict- 
ment at the time for violating the laws of tlie land. Twelve of 
the sixteen hav< passed from works to rewards. James Stan- 
ford, Asahel YVoodard, Wm. McDowell, and Joshua Welboin 
ll alive, and reside in the county. 

The principal expenses fortius term of court were: Six- 
t^»-n Grand Jurors, $12; bailiff, 75 cents; Prosecutor, $2; two 
Judges. $4; total, $18 75. 

Jamison, for selling liquor without license, was tried at the 
next term of the court, found guilty, and fined three dollars, 
which Has just what he charged the court for the use of the 
cabin as a court room. \s he was afterward granted license to 
sell liquors, it is evident that the offence consisted not so much 
in the sale "f the liquor, a- in having neglected to replenish the 
almost empty treasury with the five dollars, which was levied 
solely ;>>! purposed of revenue, and not in anywise intended to 
restrict the traffic. 

The August term of the Circuit Court was held by the As- 
sociate Judges, Hon. lilies Eggleston, Presiding Judge, not, as 
yet, having deigned to visit our county. 

To call to the minds of some of the older citizens men oik e 
familiar to them, the names of the Grand Jury are given also: 
Jo'ia Do rah, foreman, a> usual, Levi Butler, Kbenezer Goble, Thom- 
.- 1.. onard, Thomas Watkins, John Blunt, On-sre Hohson, James 
M iKimra . , Robert Smith, Allen Hunt, Jesse Cox, John Marshall, Nat! a i 
Davis, ind ■' isiata Morris. 

Jo3iah Morris and R. Smith are the only representatives 
of this jury. After a three days* session, the jury returned into 
court two indictments for assault and battery, three for affray, 
one for violation of the estray law, one for robbery, and one for 
psrjury. In the five years immediately succeeding the organi- 
z ition of the county, ninety-one "true bills" were found for 
virions offences -'against the peace and dignity" of the State of 
Indiana. Something of the nature of the ills to which society 



4» 



in m;v 0Ot BTT; PAM and PSBB1 OT 



i i ewdness . 

I \ i listing i itraj Lan 

I Selling without License * 

■ . acting Pro* • 11 
I \. gligence i>' Office i 



wm euhjeoted at that early das win be seen from the character 
«.i thaw pwaeataaenta aa follow*, fco-wit: 

Assault nn.l b»ti.T> H I-" •'•••"> 

.\ffr»> 

Bead 

1U|H-.. 

Gaming 

Bxtortion 

Bobbery. ' . o, 

Vagraaoj M T '" :d * 

I .r>.. 21 

w h:it would our citizens think to-day Of having four-fifths 
of the tin)*- of our courta taken up with the adjustment of per- 
gonal enoonnten between our citizens. The "fistic" proclivities 
..I ,.ur cftbwna are, without doubt, very much improved in forty 

Ih.n. Miles C. Egfrteston, the Prealdent Judge for the Fifth 
Circuit put In an appearance for tin' tint time November 17, 
tin* being the fifth session since the county was organized. 
The following order appears on the docket for that day : 

•Mil motion, it is ordered that it be inggestod on the records of this 
eourl thai Reuben Ball, the plaintiff in this cause, is deceased, since the 
last tern of this court." 

tad, are suppose, the suggestion was made accordingly. 
The u''\t cause was Continued till the next term of court, and 
the court take time until then to consider of the law arising in 
■aid case.* 1 

The Dext order was that all indictments found by the Grand 
.Jury, at the August term. In quashed, and the defendants in 
said indictments be thereof quit and discharged, &c* To this 
in- lutograpfa i-> appended— the only time it occurs on the order 
book. 

It would seem that W. W. Wick was made Judge of the 
Circuit, in 1834, but, being elected Secretary of State. Governor 
Itendrii k- appointed Bethuel F. Morris President Judge, "in 
th< room* 1 of said Wick. 



reason Dm th|u seems to have been that the Legislature had 

1 ;li> tun. of holding courts fortius circuit, of which change our 

borne jtaAgei had not been apprised, and so went on with the August 

tana i usual. The indictments were all quashed, but seem to have been 

Immediate!] revived by the Jury then in session. 



FIRST ATTORNEYS. 45 

In October, 1825, Jol.n Andersen succeeded Thcmas R. 
Stanford as Judge. 

While Anderson was on the bench, there was an appeal 
case came up before him and his associate, in which he was de- 
fendant, and it is noticeable that the defendant gained the case 
and his costs off tue plaintiff, and then allowed himself two 
dollars for extra services at that session. It is not to be inferred 
from this that justice was not done, for the Judge soon brought 
suit in his own court, as Paymaster of the Indiana Militia, 
against Sheriff Ilealy, for failure to collect the muster lines off 
the conscientious people of the county, and, after continuing 
the case from day to day and term to term, he was finally beat- 
en, Bethuel Morris, perhaps, presiding when the decision was 
reached. 

Soon after this, one. Jacob Tharp tiled an information in 
court to the effect that the said Judge Anderson was an alien, 
and therefore not competent to fill the position occupied. A 
rule was granted against tlie Judge to show why he should not 
be ousted from his seat. This he must have done to the satisfac- 
tion of the court, as he continued to hold on to his position, and 
at a subsequent term he obtained judgment for costs against 
Tharp, Anderson and Ids associate apparently deciding the case. 
So much for early courts and manner of doing business. 

It cannot be doubted that the ends of justice were quite as 
faithfully subserved in that day as at present, and that it was 
generally quite as speedily meted out, notwithstanding the 
quaintness of style and rather "hifalutin'' ring of some of the 
proceedings. 



FIRST ATTORNEYS. 

It has already been mentioned that Lot Bloomfield, Esq., 
was "sworn in'' as the first Prosecutor of "the pleas of the 
State" for the Henry Circuit. There were but four indictments 



r..iit. -i. .11 lb) taaaull and battery, and, an one of th. culprit««"lit 
.•,,•• u:.- build nol guilty, and sti)i another plead 
„ l|ii: . _ ouij fined one dollar for two offences, the. Pros- 

. utor, doubtless, rell that bis luck was none of the best. U isj 
; ...,! Information waa lodged with the jury thut som. grace- 
-. imp had been guilty of larceny, butjju&t b. for. tli* fmd- 
lug or returning ol a bill, the foreman learned thai he had )>fti 
the eountj : to It iraa concluded that it would be a waste ol 
ammunition t<> finish proceedings against him, and they at oncflj 
dropped the ease, Thla did nol mil the Atton • ■ 10 
grumbled considerably, and called the attention of the jury 
to the fad that ll coal much labor to draw up the papers in each] 
ed them that he waa at great expense in travel in J 
ad from court for board, Ac., Ac. The court made him tlie 
very liberal allowance of five dollars, which was one dollar 

more than their, honors r ived, but it does not seem to havJ 

• came no more, although appointed for 
in ire than one term. 

.lam"- Gilmore, afterward a Justice of the Peace, and not 
yel n mil fledged attorney, waa appointed in Bloom field's placl 
i he next term. 

.1 mi. - Noble, .lane- K'aridan, and Abraham Elliott, father 
"i Judge Elliott, were admitted to practice in this lirst court. 

\t the \.ugusl term, 1823, Charles Test, Esq.. and Martin 
H. Raj were admitted aa attorneys and counsellors at law, "and 
thereupon took the oath of office." 

U the \|iil term, l824,.Tame^ Ti. Ray, James Mcndall.Cal 
vin Fletcher, Oliver II. Smith, and Philip Sweetser were admin 
• practice. 

Al the Vprll term, 1825, Harvey Gregg, Esq., appears] 
with a regular commission as Prosecuting Attorney for thf 
Pllth Judicial Circuit, Henry county had previously been in tl 
Third Circuit \i this term Abraham Elliott was appoint, d 
Master of < hancery, whatever that maj be, and Moses Cox wai 
admitted to the bar. 

In October of the same year. Calvin Fletcher presented bif 
• - - Prosecutor for the Circuit. 



FIRST ATTORNEY?. 47 

At the October term, 182G, James Whiteomb appeared with 
credentials as Prosecutor for the Circuit, and Septimus Smith 
and Albert G. White were admitted as attorneys. 

In 1827, Samuel C. Sample, appeared as a licensed attorney 
and "took the oath" as "counsellor at law at the bar of the 
court." 

In 1828, on motion of Charles H. Test, Marinus Willitt and 
David Patton were admitted. 

At the October term, 1828, on motion of S. C. Sample, Wm. 
Daily and Caleb B. Smith, having produced license signed by 
"two President Judges of the State of Indiana,"' were admitted 
to practice in the Henry Circuit Court, and, on motion of James 
SRaridan, Esq., John S. Newman was in like manner admitted. 

In 1829, W. W. Wick, Prosecuting Attorney, and James T. 
Brown were admitted to the bur. 

In 1830, James Perry was Prosecutor of the pleas of the 
State. 

From the foregoing li-t it will be seen that the early prac- 
titioners at the Henry county bar included many of the orna- 
ments of the legal profession of our State. At a later day, came 
Parker, Fulian, Morton, and others scarcely less noted, to say noth- 
ing of, resident attorneys, ot whom a number have won a name 
abroad, Among those who were quite frequent in their attend- 
ance upon our earlier courts were quite a number who have dis- 
tinguished themselves as orators, members of Congress, Go ven - 
ors of our State, and eminent jurists. With such examples 
before us as the Rays, Whiteomb, the two Smiths, Test, Parker, 
J.dian, Morton, and others, one is liable to indulge the reflection 
that the Henry county bar was nure ably served in early times 
at present. 

'it should be borne in mind, however, that the tendency of 
a general diffusion of knowledge is to lessen the difference be- 
tween men, growing out of their acquirements, and he who 
may have seemed almost a prodigy of learning forty years ago 
might not to-day pass for much more than an ordinary person. 
Great talents and great learning will, doubtless, be treated with 
much consideration for all time to come, but the time has long 



jg HXHBY COUKTT; PA81 LHO I'UKSKXT. 

p.,^,,1 ui,... ;iim luiui.Mii wield such Influeaeeoverb* fellows as 

Dm atone* it la nndoubtedlj true that greater attain- 

,„..,„. are expected In manj of the stations In life than fonner- 
lj . ;i ,,,i ii,, 1. 1 ,i profl -inn i- no exception. 

, ;,„ .,, | Mend ofonw remarked that the Teat?, Baridana, 
sn.iili-. Whltcotnbe, a.-., who graced the early bar of this county 
"were all well enough in their day," but could not "hold a candle" 
t. ( the preaenl corps of attorneys, we were disposed to attach 
nana m Ighl to his opinions. 



. mi \ r V BUILDINGS 



Tin- act providing for the organization of the county made 

it the duty of the <« liasioners to provide for the erection of 

suitable county buildings , within one year after their election. 

THE 1 IKS 1 COUBT-HOUBK. 

In obedience to this provision, the Commissioners, in Feb- 
ruary, is-j:!, ordered that 

•■Tin- \ -cut of iifiuy ( w,nn\ shall ofTer foir Bale to the lowest bidder 

in th.- i..w ii of N<w i asUe, the building of the -conrt-house of Henry 

coanty, ol the following dimensions, to- wit: being ]>>j^> twenty-two by 

eighteen feel each log to face not less than twelve inches atthe little end, 

• ■ Inches thick, twelve rounds high, with a cabin roof, to con- 

el< v. i -t-. to be fonr inches bj nine, the joints to be eight feet 

Bine inches from the Boor, A.-.. &c" 

Th.- sills <>! this Imposing structure were to be of durable 
timber, one fool from the ground, with a good rock or stone 
uii'iri each corner, a puncheon floor below, and plank floor 
above, with two windows above and three below, consisting of 
twelve lights each; and they further Instructed that the 

"Sale of the above described building be on the Wednesday after the 
i Honda) in Haj next, with a good door three feet wide, six feet 
>i\ inches high." 

Atthe May term following, the Hoard rescinded the above 
Order, anil at Once substituted another with further and more 
•workmanlike" specifications. In these specifications, the side 



COUNTY BUILDINGS. 49 

logs were to be twenty-six feet long, and end logs twenty feat, 
while they were to face at least twelve inches in the middle, 
and sills and sleepers to be of good durable timber, and to be, 
placed on six suitable sized stones, the floor to be of puncheons 
hewed smooth and solid, and the lower story to be at least nine 
feet between joists. The second floor to be of plank, and the 
second story was to be at least five feet from the floor to the top 
of the last round of logs, "or square." There were also to be 
two doors so cut as to make the center of the door "nine feet 
from the end of the building"' (which end is not specified), but 
they were to be "so hanged as to open on that end of the house 
intended for spectators," and they were to be hanged on strong 
iron hinges, with a "good lock on what may be considered the 
front door," and a bar so as to fasten the other. This time there 
were to be two fifteen-light windows, and a strong partition of 
bannisters, at least four feet high, to separate the court from the 
spectators, with a strong gate in it, fastening on the inside, and 
the second floor was to be reached by a "good strong set of 
straight steps, commonly called mill steps." The building was 
to be "well chinked and daubed and covered with good oak 
boards confined with sufficient weight poles." 

The order for letting the court-house provides that it be 
"advertised in three of the most public places in the county, 
and in the Western Times, a paper published in Centreville, 
Wayne county, Indiana," and it was, in "height, materials and 
construction to be similar to the court-house in Connersville, 
Fayette county, Indiana." 

The said building was ordered to be placed on the southeast 
corner of let foui-, block twelve, which was a little southwest of 
the present site. So soon a6 the building was covered, the con- 
tractor Avas to receive twenty dollars of the "purchase money," 
and it was also stipulated that it was to be completed before the 
second Monday in February. 

According to arrangement, the Agent did "sell the court- 
house," on the 14th of May, 1823, to George Barnard, for |247 f 
and in May following the Commissioners adjourned from the 
house of John Smith to the new court-house, which they for- 

6 



n Dm 001 vil; I'AST AND PRESENT. 

mails m h <-pt.-d, as it was done according to contract. Once es- 
tablished in i building adequate to the wants and fully com- 
porting with tli.- dignity and wraith of our nourishing county 
-one that cost them I Ban about equal to the tax duplicate for 
feres v. an, it oamwl be doubted but the Commissioners felt im- 
Betaarabk relief; Doubtless the tax-payers grumhed at theex- 
traTaganee of tfaOM fellows who oould thus squander $247, and 

they wen m rewarded hy heing permitted to retire to the rest 

and quietude oi private life. 

The jail, court-house, and stray pen, or pound, being com- 
pleted, a "long spasm of retrenchment and economy" occurred, 
until Die county, Fast becoming rich, began to grow proud, and, 
in 1881, ordered the building of a 

8EC0ND COURT-HOUSE, 

Which was to be "forty feet square, walls included;' the foun- 
dation "to be dug eighteen inches beneath the surface of the 
ground, the walls to be two feet thick from the foundation three 
feet up," the lower story to be fifteen feet high, and the upper 
itory to be twelve. 

This time, instead of a "cabin roof " sufficiently weighted 
down with pules, it was to have one of good yellow poplar 
"join shingles," eighteen inches in length, "to be pitched from 
each square to the center,'" the whole to be surmounted with an 
eight square cupola, eight feet in diameter, to "arise" twenty 
feet, sight f«ct of the distance to be enclosed with "Venecian 
blind*,'* and said cupola to be surmounted by a suitablecap from 
which was to be raised a spear bearing a wooden ball, ten inch- 
e- in diameter, "nicely gilt," and still above this a neat vane, 
and higher yet "across with a gilt ball on each end," and the 
whole sin in, Mm ted with a "neat cap" on top of the spear. 

Let the reader picture to himself the transition from the 
Little cramped up, cabin roofed, puncheon floored, chinked and 
daubed, poorly lighted, hewed log concern, standing high and 
dry Upon six "nigger heads," and an outside chimney, to this 
spacious brick, with twenty-three windows of twenty-four 
lights each, and a large folding door and "fan light" above, with 
Foundations hidden away the enormous distance of eighteen 



COUNTY BUILDINGS. 51 

inches under ground, and the whole surmounted with a cupola, 
which, for architectural design and finish, must have been the 
wonder of the age, and he cannot but be struck with the amaz- 
ing strides in the paths of luxury taken by our forefathers. 
We are amazed at the old fellows, not one in twenty of whom 
had anything better than a cabin at home, to be willing to un- 
dertake the erection of a "temple of justice" of such propor- 
tions and at such an enormous cost, as it seemed at that time, 
as there were but seventy-five dollars and three-fourths of a cent 
in the treasury to commence on. 

The building was nevertheless sold to one Nathan Craw- 
ford, in the latter part of the year 1831, "he being the lowest 
bidder," for the sum of $5,315, to be paid on the 1st of January 
each year, for five years as follows : in 1832, $400 ; in $1833, 
$700; in 1834, $1,000; in 1835, $1,200; in 1836, the balance. The 
walls were to be up and covered and all outside wood work was 
to be completed by January 1, 1834, and two years to be allow- 
ed for finishing off the costly interior. In short, it was expect- 
ed that the contractor would "push things," and spend some- 
think like a thousand dollars a year. Robert Murphey was 
allowed $2 50 for furnishing the design of this elaborate struc- 
ture. About nine o'clock, on Thursday morning, January 7, 
1836, comes the said Nathan Crawford, and moves the Commis- 
sioners, Robert Murphey, Tabor W. McKee, and John Whitta- 
ker to take the job off his hands; which they promptly decline 
to do, and declared that they had examined the "said court- 
house" and "are of the opinion" that it is deficient in almost 
every particular, that the "roof leaks," plastering is not neatly 
done ; and carpenter work ditto, and that the "contract is for- 
feited in toto, and the materials out of which said house is 
constructed are, in a great many cases, deficient." 

This was "rough" on the said Crawford, but he had to 
bear it till the March term, when a compromise was effected, 
and the building was received at $4,500, which was docking him 
$815 only. 

The first court-house, though so soon rejected, was certain- 
ly in good plight, and to-day, after the lapse of more than a 






111 m UOUXTT; I' LOT am> PRB8XHT. 
thinl of ■ oaatarv, :i portion of it la doing good services as a pig 

«t\ M it.-' pramlMi Of K. I , POWOll, Esq. The Beeond or brick 
building was ieatiujed by Are, about the time of the assem- 
btiag of ■ Bounty convention, on the 13th day of February, 

line KlICST .IAII-. 

At the February term, 1888, the Commissioners also ordered 
the sale of "the jail (if Henry < nty," which, they specify, shall 

'■■ 

"Of the dimensions fourteen feet square, seven teetbetween the floor*, 
the logs to be square ten tnobee, u> be dovetailed .-it eacb corner and i>in- 
oed; upper and tower floor to islet of logs Bqnared of the 6ame di- 

ilona, the npper fli be pinned down with one inch-and 

one>half anger, one ronnd of logi above the upper floor fit down, the door 
m be three (set wide, it" 1 ihutter o> be made of two inch oak pla^k 

led, and be \>>di ~j>ik.-.i and hung n Ith good and suflicient lunges to 
open outside ■ itti ■ .lt<""I and sufficient bar with staples and lock, a cabin 
roof, the lower floor to be laid on two oak -ill'-, and the house to be built 
on the top thereof, one w indow one foot square with tour inch square bar? 
of iron to be sufficient!] let in." 

This was not s very Imposing structure to a man outside, 
bnf onoeshul In, say in July or August, especially if there were 
several of the "four ineh square" iron bars across the one win- 
dow a foot square . all efforts to escape mast have soon become 
quite feeble. The reader of these specifications (which were 
doubtless clear enough to the Commissioners,) may be a little 
ponied to determine whether "the house to be built on the top 
thereof" was to be placed on the lower floor, or whether the 
boose was to have a second story intended for a jailer's residence 
or some such piirjKtee. 

It was subsequently ordered that the jail should be com- 
pleted before the second Monday in August, and that the Clerk 
should issue a county order to the builder for twenty dollars 60 
soon as the building shall be "erected to the height of four 
rounds." 

Obediah "R. Weaver, being the lowest bidder, undertook 
"the faithful performance'' of the contract for $120. 

Although this building was to have been completed in Au- 

1838, W« find that, in May, 1824, the Board refused to re- 

cetve it, "inasmuch as it is considered that the same has not 



COUNTY BUILDINGS. 53 

been executed according to contract."' The building was sub- 
sequently received of Mr. Weaver, and forty-five dollars paid in 
full for the work ; twenty dollars having been previously ad- 
vanced, when the structure was but "four rounds high." 

This jail was soon found to be inadequate, and the growing 
wants ot the times induced the Commissioners to order the 
"selling" of 

THE SECOND JAIL, 

Wluch was also to be built of timber. It was really to be an 
extension of the old one, the door of which was to be taken 
away and the space filled with iDgs. The addition was te be 
built adjoining the old part, leaving only eight inches between, 
which was afterward to be filled with timber. The new part 
was to have one window like the old one, one foot square, and 
when carried up to the height of the old one, a second story was 
to be built on, of logs, extending over both, and to be entered 
from one end by a "strong 6tairway," and the only entrance to 
the lower story was to be through a strong trap door, two feet 
square, "to be made secure with a strong bar of iron and good 
and sufficient lock," &c. Once let down into one of these 
"black holes," the most hardened desperado could dismiss all 
fears of "the dogs biting him" so long as his incarceration con- 
tinued. 

On the 7th of January, 1830, Moses Brown, Esq., under- 
took the reconstruction of said jail, for the sum of $97 50, which 
was certainly cheap enough even in those days. 

The nde that all things earthly must pass away seems to 
have made no exceptions in favor of Henry county jails. In less 
than five years from the completion of the second jail or "goal," 
the Commissioners ordered a third to be advertised and erected. 
This time the external walls were to be of brick. The founda- 
tion was to be set in the ground two feet, and to be twenty- 
eight inches in thickness. Above, the wall was to be thirteen 
inches thick, and eighteen feet by twenty-five in dimensions, 
and two stories in height. The floor of the prisons or "dun- 
geons" were to be of good oak timber ten inches thick, and, on 
top of this a floor of good oak plank one and one-half inches, 



W HENRI iDL'.VTV; TAST AND PBJES1NT. 

thick, .lu-i in-i.l.' tin- brick walls and ou top of the tloor, wa§ 
to be "built a log wall" of "hewn timber, ten inches square, to 
(«• laid down hair dovetailed," ami seven feet high. And this 
tn t" be lined vrltli one ami one-half inch beech plank, and 
"OTOai lin.*-i" and well spiked on with "cut spikes, six inches in 
length" and imt t<> exceed three inches distant. The wooden 
walls wcru to he continued so as to make two tiers of dungeons, 
but the upper ones win- not required to be so well lined, or 
other w isi- made so strong. The upper story was, doubtless, in- 
tended tor the more oorrigible claas of culprits, while the more 
hardened -inner* were to be "sent below." 

The dungeons in the lower stor}' were to be ready for occu- 
pants by the third Monday of October, and the whole structure 
bj the Ural Monday in Kay, 1836. 

"At a sale beld at the court-house,'" to "sell the building of 
the goal," Mile- Mnrphey, jr., "bid oft' the same for $1,100," $500 
to be paid January 1, 1836, and the residue in one year. This 
work was done according to contract, and the structure, with 
little amendment, stood the racket for about thirty years, and 
until torn down to make room for the splendid edifice now 
decorating the public square. 

STRAY PEN. 

A stray pen or pound, in early days, was considered an in- 
diqKnsable appurtenance of every "well regulated" county. 
Stock was much more given to straying, no doubt, in early 
times than at present. The love of home, or faculty of inhabi- 
tiveness, was probably not so well developed then as now, while 
the powers of locomotion were generally much better, especially 
with the porkers. The time and money lost in looking up lost 
stock in this or any other new county, thirty or forty years ago, 
notwithstanding the comparatively small amount kept, was 
much larger then at present, and, doubtless, led the assembled 
wivlom of our early General Assemblies to give it more careful 
thought than they now devote to some of the great ques- 
tions of the hour. 

By an act of 1824, it was made the duty of the "Commis- 
sioners in each and every county in the State to cause a pound 



COUNTY BUILDINGS. 00 

to be erected at or near the court-houses, with a good and suf- 
ficient fence, gate, lock, and key, where all stray horses, mules, 
and asses, above two years old, taken up within twenty miles of 
the court-house, shall be kept on the the first day of every Cir- 
cuit Court, for three succeeding terms, after the same shall be 
taken up, from eleven until three o'clock in each day, that the 
owner may have the opportunity of claiming his, her, or their 
property, and any person having taken up such property, and 
living more than twenty miles from the court-house, was not 
compelled to "exhibit it more than once." 

In obedience to some such act as this, the Henry County 
Commissioners ordered such an enclosure made or "sold" the 

"Erecting of a pound, commonly called a stray pen, the said pen to 
be erected in the southwest corner of the public square, the said pen is 
to be forty feet square, to be erected at least five feet high, and of good 
and durable timber commonly called a post and rail fence, -with a gate and 
lock to the same." 

Minor Fox undertook this great "public enterprise" for the 
6um of $12 50 and "gave bond with sureties approved of by the 
Commissioners of Henry county," and faithfully performed the 
labor within four months in so satisfactory a manner that the 
Commissioners accepted it, and made him the first Pound-keep- 
er. 

COUNTY ASYLUM. 

The buildings and belongings of the establishment where 
the county's poor are cared for ought to be a matter of more 
interest to the people of Henry than is generally manifested. 
Caring for those unfortunate persons who have, from any cause, 
become unable to care for themselves, has been accepted by the 
County Commissioners as a duty, ever since the meeting of the 
first Board, in 1S23, and, although the arrangement for the com- 
fort of paupers may have seemed parsimonious at times, sur- 
rounding circumstances must be taken into account. It would 
never do to make the fare, comforts, and general attractiveness 
of the asylum such that able-bodied, but lazy, shiftless, persons, 
of whom there are a few in every community, woidd seek for a 
residence at the county home, and beside the item, "on.account of 
poor," has ever been a large one in the "budget" of Henry 
county, and is largely on the increase. 



.-,., BURT OOUHTY; PAST UfD PBE8EHT. 

On the Ctli .lay of March, 1M9, Commissioners Shawhanj 
ObTWteeand Ball, purchased of William Silvern farm of one 

hundred and sixty acres, about one mil** northwest of New Cas- 
tle for the sum ot&flOO. In May following, a contract was 
nade with John I). Pooahf for keeping the paupers as well as 

for the building of a ••poor house," and it was also ordered that 
"all persons who are now, or may hereafter become, a county 
charge, shall he removed, as the. law directs, to the poor house 
provided for that purpose." 

Just what M>rl of I house this was to he, or the price paid 
to the man who bought it, the records do not show, hut, on the 
4th of January, 1811, a special session of the Board was called 
to receive sealed proposals for the building of another house, 
which was to he of brick, with a cellar under one wing, four- 
teen by thirty feet. The size of said building is not specified, 
hut it was to have a porch on three sides of the same, with 
fo urt e en posts and hannisters between, from which it may be 
inferred that it was of considerable size. The brick were to be 
burned on the place, and all the sills, sleepers, posts, and plates 
wore to he got off the farm. The brick work was to be painted 
red and penciled with white, and the porch painted drab. John 
Shroyer, Miles Murphey, jr., and Dr. Reed were appointed to 
superintend the building of the said house. John H. Polsley 
undertook the work for $1,100, and was allowed, for extra work, 
the sum of twenty dollars. The Superintendents each received 
twenty dollars for their services. 

This boflding was burned down, and the paupers rendered 
homeless, in May, 1857, when the Commissioners promptly 
ordered the building of another and more commodious struc 
ture at an expense of about $7,000. 

For two or three years, the contract was mads with Foosha 
to care for the paupers that might, from time to time, be sent ts 
him at the rate of $1 25 per head per wsek, with some little 
extra allowances in "extreme cases," he paying $150 for the rent 
of the farm. 

In 1841, the Commissioners resolved to turn over a new 
leaf, and io thty let the contract to "board, clothe and feed" all 



COUNTY BUILDINGS. 57 

paupers, and "to treat them in a humane manner, and especial- 
ly to attend to the moral instruction of said paupers," to Sam- 
uel Hoover and Mark Modlin, for three years from the 1st of 
March, 1842, at one dollar per capita per week, they paying 
$125 for rent of larm. At the end of this time, they called for 
"sealed proposals" for keeping the paupers, raising the rent of 
the farm to $150. The position had come to be looked upon as 
being so desirable that there was strife over it and Mr. Fooshee 
instituted an unsuccessful suit to secure possession of it, after 
the contract was awarded to other parties for three years. In 
1844, he was a successful applicant, giving twenty-five dollars 
more than had been previously paid for the use of the farm, 
and agreeing to take, "board, clothe, feed, and lodge," and mor- 
ally instruct all paupers, for 62V._, cents per head per week, and 
bring in no other charge whatever. This was quite a coming 
down, but, after he had given bond to the satisfaction of the 
Board, he seems to have "flew the track," and Mark Modlin was 
awarded the prize at 75 cents per head per week, for one year. 

Afterward the rent of the farm was reduced to $100 per 
year, and 75 cents per week was allowed for keeping the pau- 
pers, and to "board, clothe, feed, humanely treat, and morally 
instruct," &c, which was cheap as dirt. 

It is pleasant to know that our late Commissioners have 
turned over still another leaf, and do not now let that import- 
ant charge on the sole condition of economy, and yet we hear 
no complaint on this score. 

The farm has been enlarged to 280 acres, much of the late 
purchases being first class bottom land. The Superintendent, 
Mr. Mahlon D. Harvey, now serving his second term, receives 
a salary for managing the farm for the county. At the begin- 
ning of the year, there were thirty-eight paupers in the asylum. 
clerk's and recorder's offices. 

In the earliest days of the county, the position of a county 
officer was not a very lucrative one. The records of their trans- 
actions were very brief and imperfect, and for a whole term of 
court might have been carried on a few scraps of paper in a 
vest pocket. One man acted as Clerk and Recorder and per- 



HBintl '"i HVV| PAW \M> I'KhshNT. 

:,,,! many.-! the dMfcl now devolving upon the Auditor, 
■!„ e not treated tor tunny year* after the county was or- 
ganised, la thai state of affairs, some small room that could be 
ranted tor fifteen or twenty dollars per year was all sufficient 

• M of tin- • • Beers, end, In fact, there was but little use for a 

m, except at Stated intervals, for a few years, and a party 
having bttflneei with the court would be as likely as any way 
to Bnd ii- Cterk out in his corn field, with a hoe in his hand, or 
in his clearing, grabbing. 

Of Coarse this sort of thing could not last always, and we 
lecordlngly Bnd that the Commissioners let the building of a 
Clerk's and Recorder's office to Thomas Ginn for the sum of 
*M l. Tin- --amc was to be a one-story brick building, eighteen 
feet aide and thirty-eight feet in length, divided into two 
room-. As hundreds Of our readers will fully recollect it as 
oooupj Lng the southeast corner of the public square, down to 
November of the year 1887, when the offices were removed into 
!lic new court-house, no lengthy description of it is desirable. 

TIIK AIDITOU'S AND trkasurkr's OFFICE, 
On the northeast comer of the public square, erected in 1847, 
i :-. I .owe, contractor, for the sum of $646, was the counter- 
part ol the last named building in almost every particular. 

These little buildings, doubtless, answered the purpose in- 
tended quite well, when first constructed, but the rapid accumu- 
lation of records and papers, and great increase of public 
bnnlnflH] and number of persons doing business, had, for a 
aumber Of years, rendered it apparent that their days of use- 
fulneai were drawing to a close, when the catastrophe of 1864 
"opened the way," rather unexpectedly, for the building of 

TIIK l'KKSKNT COUKT-1IOUSE. 

After the burning of the second court-house, in 18G4, the 
< onnnissioners rented Murphcy Hall, which, by adoption, be- 
came the court-house of the county, and continued to be so 
used till the completion of the present beautiful and eommodi- 
oui structure, In i860. 

At the time of the conflagration, some of the public records 
and a great mass of official papers, stored away in one of the 



COUNTY BUILDINGS. 59 

jury rooms, for want of room elsewhere, all more or less valu- 
able, were lost or destroyed. 

Commissioners Edwards, Minesinger, and Phelps at once 
set to work to devise ways and means for the erection of a new 
building dedicated to justice. There were several essential 
points to be secured in this proposed edifice. It must be free 
from dampness, which would destroy the precious records of 
the county, on which so much of the "peace and quiet'' of our 
communit}' depends. It must, of course, be fire proof, and suf- 
ficiently commodious for all legitimate purposes not only now, 
but for many years to come ; must be of durable materials, and 
last, if least, it must be "good looking," a monument of the en- 
terprise and taste of the people of one of the wealthy counties 
of the State. All these prerequisites have been faithfully com- 
plied with, and our county can boast of an edifice second to 
none in the State in all the essentials of such a structure. 

The cut with which this work is embellished gives a very 
fair representation of the external appearance of the building, 
coming as near doing it justice as a single view can be well 
made to do, though we fancy that it makes the building appear 
a little shorter than it really is, and giving the tower a little 
more prominence than it deserves. 

The main building is sixty-six feet wide by eighty-two feet 
in length, while the tower, which serves as main entrance and 
the initial point of the stairway to the court-room, jury room, 
&c, above, adds some nineteen feet more, making the ex- 
treme length one hundred and one feet. The height of the 
walls is fifty feet and of the tower one hundred and ten feet 
from the foundation. 

There is a cellar under the building with a labyrinth of 
arched passages, or halls, or whatever the name is, which con- 
tain not only the furnaces and flues for heating every part of 
the building above, but furnish ample room for the storage of 
the annual supply of fuel. 

Of the capaciousness and convenience of the rooms 
for the county officers, on the first floor, it would exceed 
the limits of this work to speak minutely, and an attempted 



,..i BMB1 OOUHTYj PAW and PBE8KHT. 

description without filtering Into the minutiae would be futile. 
Then ll I large Bit prOOJ and almost burglar proof vault con- 
nected with each of tin- oiiiii- tor the storage of the abundant 
and valuable erohrvei on tile. 

Ihe vaults to the Auditor's and Clerk's oftices have been 
Mipplit-d with suitable cases and pigeon holes for the ponderous 
lomes ami innumerable papers, not in daily use but indispensa- 
ble t..i referenee in emergencies. In the first named vault there 
are -helvi- to hold ninety-eight of the largest sized records, 
while there have already accumulated one hundred and forty 
bound volumes, some of the earliest of which are of a size that 
w ill admit of three or lour being placed in the niche allotted to 
the larger ones. This room is also supplied with 1,428 pigeon 
boles* 

The vault to the Clerk's office has room -for one hundred and 
nineteen volumes ol the larger size on the shelves, while the 
bound records already accumulated exceed two hundred, most 
of which an- of a large size. Three-fourths of them probably 
oost the county little short of twenty dollars each on an aver- 
I -• • 

The court-rooms, rooms for the grand and traverse juries, 
Sheriff's room, &c, reached by the main stairway, are all wor- 
thy of a more extended notice than this work will allow. The 
court-room itself, about sixty-live feet by fifty feet, is one of 
the finest and best appointed in the State, both as to conveni- 
ence and tasteful ornamentation. The fresco painting on its 
walls and ceiling alone cost about $1,400, and, as a consequence, 
OOght to be a thing of beauty. 

Th«- entire cost of this magnificent "temple of Justice,*' so 
well constructed and of such materials as to withstand the or- 
dinary ravages of the "tooth of Time," till several generations 
.-hall have passed away, has been about $120,000. This is seem- 
ingly a large sum, but it must be remembered that everything 
used, 0081 -war prices," and already, by comparison with other 
public buildings, it is coming to be regarded as not too large a 
sum for sn.-h a building. Although there has been no little 
grumbling by some of the tax-payers,it can safelv be predicted 



COUNTY BUILDINGS. 61 

that the next generation, at least, will thank the Commissioners 
who ordered its erection, and give full credit to Mr. M. F. Ed- 
wards for having efficiently superintended the construction of 
the same and completing it in less time than was required for 
the former botched job which cost but $4,500. 

, THE PRESENT JAIL. 

The present county prison* is a fine well built struc- 
ture, in shape somewhat like a capital letter "T," with the 
top of the letter representing the front of the building, which 
is used as a jailer's residence, and a very comfortable and handy 
one it is at that. 

The building is complete in all its appointments, is two 
stories in height, with a cellar underneath, containing a fur- 
nace, &c., for warming the whole. Externally the building has 
the appearance of being of brick, with stone window frames 
secured with heavy iron rods, behind which are heavy plate 
glass of such a peculiar make that they do not obstruct the 
light while they tell none of the secrets of the interior. Inside 
the brick wall is a thick stone one, or rather the wall is half 
stone and half of brick, and just inside the stone is an 
iron lining of boiler iron. Next comes a corridor about 
three feet wide, and then an iron grating, made of heavy 
iron bars through which pass one and one-eighth inch rods of 
iron. This arrangement extends through both stories. Inside 
of this formidable grating, is another passage way or corridor, 
entirely surrounding the cells, or strong boxes, which are made 
of heavy iron grating and boiler iron. 

The first floor is of massive stone slabs, about fifteen inches 
in thickness, and the second floor is of iron. There are eighteen 
cells in the building, not likely to be filled at one time soon, 

*In a former page, it is stated that the jail of 1836 "stood the racket 
for about thirty years," which has been discovered to he an error, for 
the musty records since examined show that the constant bill of expenses 
for guarding prisoners was such that the Commissioners ordered another 
one built, February 11, 1851. Elisha Clift seems to have been the archi- 
tect, and Jacob Elliott was selected to purchase materials and superin- 
tend it, under the "immediate orders" of the Commissioners. It was two 
stories in height, and thirty-six by forty feet, was of brick, with a stone 
floor, the cell wall being hewn timber, and lined with boiler iron, and 
cost about $3,500. 






pj mil , ..rvn | PAW and PRESENT. 

links* the illi.it whisky dealera of our county begin to get their 
just deserts. 

The Mm. tuiv mtf built with an eye to the safety of its in- 
■•feM, ami. notwithstanding a mishap or two has already oc- 
. •iirretl. it la not ea-y DO 168 how a safer trap can reasonably be 

oooatraoted, and it la the opinion of good judges that, with 

tooahle caw on the part of the keeper to ward off outside 

flUttMNOat, the most expert jail-bird could be kept till doomsday. 

The cost of the building has been nearly $40,000. Robert 

Cluggish, Esq., most efficiently superintended its erection. 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 



Our county seems to have been well supplied with villages, 
"Pact and Present." The plats of thirty of these can be found 
on the Recorder's books. A few of these have been paper 
towns only, while a few others, but little more fortunate, made 
a start, soon got their growth, in short, were finished. In such 
I Mea, it Is Bald, about the only appropriate thing to be done is 
to put a good fence around them, whitewash it, and then quit. 

A majority, however, of the towns have become quite well 
established commercial, social, and literary centers. In point 
of seniority, it is impossible to determine which takes prece- 
dence. New ( astle or West Liberty, as plats of each were filed 
on the same day— April 8, 1823— at which time the Recorder 
seems to have commenced his official career, although it is quite 
evident that lots were laid off and cabins and other improve- 
ments begun in each, the year previous. 

WEST LIBERTY. 

This early foundation for a city was laid out by Samuel 
Fu reason. It was located near the mouth of Montgomery's 
Creek, on the old State Road, or about three-fourths of a mile 
southwest of Knightstown. 

The place grew quite favorably for a few years, had at one 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 63 

time about twenty houses, and two or more groceries and dry 
goods stores. Dr. Elliott, who subsequently died of cholera, in 
New Castle, was the first physician. Bicknell Cole was first 
postmaster, and Aaron Maxwell first merchant. The first mail 
route established through the county was from Greensburg and 
Rushville, through West Liberty and New Castle, to Muncie, 
and for some time there were but two offices in the county. 

Unfortunately for the hopes of the West Liberty people , 
the National Road was located near half a mile north of them, 
about 1827, when "corner lots" soon became a drug. 

NEW CASTLE, 

The county seat of Henry county, is pleasantly located within 
one mile of the geographical center of the county. The Gazett- 
eers represent Charles Jamison as "proprietor," "first settler," 
&c, but a reference to the records show that he had much less 
to do with it than others. 

When the Legislative Commission, already spoken of, were 
in quest of a site, about one hundred acres of land were prof- 
fered by public spirited and interested parties, for the use of the 
county, on the sole condition that the present site should be 
chosen. Of this, Absalom Harvey gave twenty-eight acres; 
John Brumfield, twenty-eight, less two lots; A. Lewis, four- 
teen acres; Allan Shepherd, ten acres, and Rue and Holeman, 
of Wayne county, twenty-four acres, less five lots reserved. 

This nice little patch in the wilderness was placed at the 
disposal of the County Agent, Mr. Leavell, and at once surveyed, 
and, by direction of the Commissioners, thrown upon the mar- 
ket, in July, 1822. This first sale could not have been a great 
success, as all the money handled by the Treasurer for that year 
amounted to $154 all told. In August, 1823, another sale 
was ordered, and the Commissioners showed their appre- 
ciation of printer's ink, by ordering the Agent to advertise in 
the "Richmond Weekly Intelligencer and the Indiana States- 
man, a newspaper printed at Connersville." This was followed, 
in a few months, by another sale, and still much of New Castle 
remained a wilderness, and, in May, 1824, the clearing off of 
the public square was "sold to the lowest bidder." William 



G , MKNliY <<U STY; PAST AND I'UKMKNT. 

H -Kiniiny tad Johfl Dorrah did the surveying, and received 
t went \ -ri\ .• dollar- Mflh fet tfcll service. 

Charles Jamison wa< soon after made the first tavern keep- 
er, ami. <>i MBrw, "gave bond to the satisfaction of the Board." 
In 1*23. Isaa. i:. ■•!- aid, being able to satisfy the Board that his 
I apital did not exceed $1,000, was licensed to "keep store ." His 
lir-t -tore room was a twelve hy sixteen cabin, with earthen 
floor and a clapboard counter, resting on stakes, driven into the 
MTtlL In tlii- region, IB* mills were yet unknown, and a 
frame house next to an impossibility. A log cabin was deemed 
good enough for the proudest 

But the town grew apace, and, by 1833, had about three 
hundred inhabitants, of whom about one-tenth died of the 
cholera, in 1S32-3. 

The first preaching here seems to have been by Father 
Havens, of the M. E. Church, and was had in a log house, a lit- 
tle south of the present residence of B. Shirk, Esq. 

The completion of the Chicago & Great Eastern Railroad 
thla far. in the winter of 1854, and of a branch of the Cincin- 
nati A Indianapolis .Junction, now called the Fort Wayne, Mun- 
cie ȣ- Cincinnati Railroad, together with some eight or nine 
turnpikes radiating in all directions, has opened up a real and 
prospective future of prosperity for the county seat, scarcely 
second to any in the State. For cleanly and well graded 
street-, substantial and palatial residences, fine business houses, 
churches, and elegant public buildings, it is noted far and wide. 
Among the leading business houses may be mentioned in the 
way of 

Dry Goods— Mowrer, Murphey & Co.; B. B. Smith; 
Bhroyer £ c*>. ; L. I,. Burr & Co.; Lee. Harvey, and J.Holland. 
Bl •ady-inadc Clothing and Dry Goods — Kahn & Co., and 
N. E. Black. 

Groceries— Mowrer & Shirk; Mullin & Hernly; B. F. 
Moore ; Samuel Arnold, and Burr & Hoover. 

Drugs — J. & R. M. Nixon; Pence & Moore, and Dr. Men- 
denhall. 

Makers and Restaurants— James Cummins; Chambers & 



HENR'fTOUNTY VILLAGES. 65 

Denius, and W. W. Moore. 

Hardware— S. P. Jennings & Co., and J. C. Livezey & Co. 
Stoves, Tin, and Hollow-ware— M. L. Powell. 
Cabinet Makers— W. E. Livezey ; Brenneman & Beam, and 
L. A. Jennings. 

Plows, Wagons, &c— J. M. Gongh & Co., and Johnson & 
Fisher. 

Carriage Makers — Burley & Rogers. 
Saw and Planing Mills— L. A. Jennings, and Mr. Past. 
Jewelry Store— W. G. Hillock. 

Physicians and Surgeons — Isaac Mendenhall; John Rea; 
John Needliam ; W. F. Boor ; I. N. Dix ; Samuel Ferris, and G. 
TV. Burke. 

Of Attorneys there is a host. Among them may be men- 
tioned Brown & Polk; Chambers & Saint; W. F. Walker; 
Elliott & Elliott; James B. Martindale; W. N. Carroll; M. L. 
Powell ; G. W. Woy ; Joseph Worl ; J. T. Mellett ; Wm. Grose ; 
W. M. Watkins, and T. B. Redding. 

Hotels— The Junction House, by James Mullin, and Henry 
House, by O. H. Welborn, have each the reputation of being 
well kept, while there are quite a number of excellent boarding 
houses in the place. 

Flouring Mill— Strickland & Bush; the most extensive 
establishment in the county. 

Foundry and Machine Shop— George Reiser; just being 
erected, and to be in operation in a few weeks; will be a most 
valuable adjunct to the business of the place. 

In addition to this partial list of the business establishments 
and men of the place, there are three newspapers and one job 
printing office, three flourishing picture galleries, several milli- 
nery shops, two dental offices, several smith shops, a number of 
carpenter shops, shoemakers, painters, glaziers, paper hangers, 
plasterers, brick and stone masons, &c, &c, who always seem 
to be thronged with work; while the dealers in grain, shingles, 
lath, lumber, sash, doors, blinds, lime, coal, &c, seem to be doing 
a flourishing business, and able to compete in prices with simi- 
lar dealers anywhere in Eastern Indiana. 

8 



ill NB1 I <>rvn : P \-t am> PB&8SNT. 

Tiir keademy buOding, three stories to height, erected at a 

,: shorn lltyOOO, faralshea accommodations for about five 

Bimdred students. In ii were employed Beven teachers during 

1870, uitii i total Dumber <>f pupils admitted of, 441, and an 

average attendance ol 968. 

The Methodist, Christian, Lutheran, United Brethren, and 
Presbyterian churches, each have good buildings, those belong- 
ing to the IfJethodial Episcopal and Christian denominations 
costing some $12,000 or $i").000 each. 

The population of Mew Oastle Is a little the rise of 1,500, 
with a steady and healthy growth, while the assessed value of 
the real and personal property on the duplicate tax list of 1870 
na- $799^800, a little over |683 to each man, woman, and child. 

\.'w Oastle has had it-< stand-etui epochs, but they seem 
happily to be of the past; and, with new elements of growth, 
ami a more thorough appreciation of the necessity of encourag- 
ing various kinds of manufacture as tin- only true foundation 
tor prosperity, their are good prospects that it will nearly double 

it- population in the next decade. 

UNIONTOWN. 

This village, so unknown to fame that scarcely a score of 
|MT-un» now living in the county ever saw it, was located by 
William Seward, "sole proprietor,'' on the old State Road, in the 
BOOth part i>\' Dudley township, in May, 1823. It only reached 
about the second or third house, before the National Road 
blighted its prospects, 

KAIKKIKLI). 

Tin- next village of the county was so entirely a paper 
town thai we have tailed to -ec tin- man who could locate it. 
The recorded plat gives neither section, township or range. All 
we know i> that the National Road was to be the principal 
street, and thai Lewis Taokel was proprietor. 

KNKJUTSTOU N. 

The -. ity " of Knightstown i 1 - pleasantly situated on Blue 
River, or rather between that stream and Montgomery's Creek, 
and mi the Central Railroad and National Road aswell. itwas 
platted in 1827, and plat recorded in 182$, Waitsel M. Carey, 



UKSUY COUNTY VILLAGES. 



Cm 



proprietor. Mr. Carey kept the only hotel for some years, ami 
built the first frame house in town. The place was named in 
honor of Mr. Jonathan Knight, a United States Engineer, who 
located the Cumberland or National Road through the State 
about this time. At first the town only extended hack two or 
three tiers of lots from the river bluff. 

Levi Griffith and Isaac .lames owned the first dry goods 
establishment here about the year 1830. There were about 
half dozen houses here at that time, and the population was less 
than three hundred in 18315. 

The fust church built here was by the Presbyterians, in 
1834-a frame, about thirty by forty feet. The Methodists 
erected a small frame building, about the year 1837. A distil- 
lery was erected just over the river, about 1825, by one John 
Lewis, and about 1828 a carding machine was built near the 

depot. 

About two years after the inception of Knightstown, ithamar 
Stewart's splendid farm of 160 acres (now worth $125 per acre; 
could have been bought for $400, and several years later the 
country was such a « howling wilderness"- with little more than 
a bridle-path through the woods-that Dr. Whitsel was badly 
lost in going to see a patient on Six Mile Creek. One of the best 
corner lots (Probasco's) sold for $96, which was regarded as a. 
fancy price indeed. Bears came up out of the river bottom, and 
were chased through the streets more than once after 1830. A 
youn«* physician named Hiatt was the first to locate in town ; 
his stay was short. James Wilson was Knightstown's first 

attorney. 

•Whisky was in much more general use in early days than at 
present. A judge, the squire, and all the constables were seen 
drunk on one or more occasions in early days, and pugilistic 
encounters were among the cherished amusements. But great 
changes have been wrought in forty years. 

Knightstown is in the midst of splendid farming lands, the 
productions of which find here a ready market. 

In 1852 the Knightstown and Shelbyville Railroad, the Irst 
which reached our county, was completed to Knightstown, and 



... IU.MH u.lNTY; PAST AND PRESENT. 

in. -• received :i new impetus, and "corner lots" rapidly ap- 
pro i.it-'l in value. 

Tin- following are among the wide-awake business houses 
of the place : 

I „ - y Goods— Williams & Hatfield ; J. T. & O. Charles ; Rea- 
gan a Blfk : Keeves & Son ; Tinney & Ramsey, and N. Weil & 
Brother. 

Clothing Bton — Moon Heller. 

Qrooerlee— Wm. B. Gray; Joseph Woods; R. Probasco; 
John HorrU A Bon; Sol. Byrkett. 

StOYM and Tin Wan — Breckenrklge & BaiTett; Muzzy & 
CO.? John (rider. 

Hardwan — Harvey, Bell & Co., and H. Ball. 

Drugs and Medicines— J. B. Edward* & Co.; Tj. D. Picker- 
ing A Hi. >., and John Weaver. 

Books and Stationery — E. B. Xiles. 

Dentist: — Jay A: Wagoner and M. H. Chappell. 

Physicians— .J. W. Whitcsell; X. H. Canaday ; W. B. Mo- 
ravian; <;. W. Riddell ; Sparks; L. V. Winston; T. J. 

Bowls. 

Attorneys— C 1>. Morgan; J . Lee Furgason ; S.C.Cooper; 
< '. M. Butler, and Joseph M.Brown. 

Furniture I feelers — < kmfare & Simmons, and Thomas Estell. 

Millinery Establishments— A. B. Fithian & Co.; Sophie 
Shoemaker; Mrs. Barrett : Mrs. Green, and Mrs. Grubbs. 

< oal, Lime, Salt, Queensware, &c. — Joseph Woods. 

Planing Mills, Sash, Doors, &<•.— Coffen, Deem & Edwards, 
and Fort A Brother-. 

I i wry Btabl c e Geo rge B. Ramsay; George Davy; Scott 
A Thayer. 

Betel — Shipman House; Rockwell House, and several 
boarding houses. 

Chur che s The Presbyterian, Methodist, and Christian de- 
nomination! have eaeh good commodious brick buildings, and 
the Haptist.s a comfortable frame house. 

In addition to the above-mentioned linns there are three 
flourishing grist mill*, a machine shop, three or four smith shope, 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 69 

several carpenter shops, three excellent carriage factories, two 
boot and shoe stores, two batcher shops, one tannery, one bakery, 
two saw mills, two jewelry stores, masons, plasterers, restaur- 
ants, a nursery, kept by W, F. Ballard, commission merchants, 
and grain dealers ; a marble shop ; two printing offices ; a na- 
tional bank, &c. 

The Knightstown Academy building is a commodious 
structure, capable of accommodating near four hundred 
pupils, and the graded school at that point has for years ranked 
high. The building, though imposing in size, was built a num- 
ber of years ago, and some of the citizens are agitating the erec- 
tion of one with all the modern improvements. There are 537 
children of an age to go to school attached to Knightstown for 
school purposes, of which 442 attended the school year of 1870, 
and the average attendance was 261. 

The popidation of Knightstown, by the late census, was 
1,543 , and its wealth, real and personal, according to the tax 
duplicate of 1870 is $818,390. 

RAYSVLLLE. 

Raysville is situated on the east side of Blue River, which 
separates it from Knightstown. It was laid out as a village by 
John Anderson, about the time of the location of the Xational 
Road, and named in honor of Governor Ray. Although having 
an even start as a place of business, it has had to yield the palm 
to Knightstown, where quite a number of the citizens of Rays- 
ville are engaged in business. 

The " heights " around Raysville furnish quite commanding 
and picturesque building sites, with advantageous views of the 
Blue River Valley, two great thoroughfares, and of the two 
towns. For a commanding " out-look," we know of nothing 
more desirable in the county than the view from the former 
residence of John C. Teas, now the property of John T. White. 
Charles White and C. D. Morgan, Esq., have also fine suburban 
residences, erected regardless of expense, which add much to 
the importance of the place. 

Fine springs in the neighboring hills have been tapped and 
the water conveyed by an " aqueduct" along Main street, for 



. ,,, m:h i 01 m Y: PAW \ N " PBKSiKT. 

tlir m „, lhl . laiubitanto, and the water-tank on the Central 

Ballroad Is always tally supplied from a similar source wIW 

pun water. . , , 

EUj n ill.- bad ■ population of 165 In July last. A dry good! 
U d general store is kept by M. Thompson, and a grocery by 
Charles Baroaby. There Is one wagon-maker's shop, one 

harness maker, one shoe sfa one plasterer, one smith shop, Ac. 

There Is also a -rain elevator adjoining the depot (where the 
potent effect* of steam are Invoked), owned by Charles White, 
u , extensive grain and stock-dealer. John Bird's nursery is 
,,„•„,. .,„ adjunct to the business interests of the place. The 
Kethodtete and Friends have each acburch in the place, with 

Bouiahing congregations. 

MIDDLKTOWK, 

Situated on Fall Creek,in the northern part of Pall Creek 
township, ma laid out by Jacob Koons, and plat recorded Oct. 
Q lsjd. There was a public sale, of lots on the 25th day of 
December, L8S9, when the best lots did not sell so well as they 
do latterly. There was not a frame house in the township at 

that time. 

It is now the third village in the county in point oi wealth 
and population. It contains one hundred and forty-live resi- 
dence*, and a population of seven hundred and ten. The real 
estate la valued at $104£80, and the personal at $115,400. The 
town was Incorporated, in 1840, by C. H. Burr and fourteen 
others. There are several fine buildings in the place. 

A large body of rich farming lands is tributary to Middle 
(own, and. as a consequence, large amounts of produce art 
bandied there, and the sales of dry goods, groceries, Ac, &c. 
u,v correspondingly large. Among the leading business meno 
the place, we maj mention : 

l>r.\ Goods— Yount, Bfurphey & Co.; Terhune & Painter 
Bummers A Shedron. 

Drugs Ibirr & Terhune, ami Wisehcart & Davis. 

Groceries -Mr. W Inings; J. T. Windsor; James D. Farrellj 
who is also present postmaster. 

Stoves and Tinware— J. A. Scott. 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 71 

Furniture— Fred. Tykle. 

Physicians— R.B. Griffis; R. T. Summers, and Drs. Cly- 
mer & Welch. 

Hotels — Jesse West and Joseph Mowrer. 

There i> also one of the hest grist mills in the county, two 
aw mills, one harness maker, two hoot and shoe houses, a tan- 
nery, which has been carried on by C. H. Burr about forty 
years. 

The course of Middletown has been onward, since the com- 
pletion of the Chicago & Great Eastern Road, which passes 
through the town. Its proximity to the Bellefontaine line has 
also been of considerable advantage to it, as it enabled its 
produce dealers to command facilities for shipping denied to 
other places on the road, as the dealers could, in many in- 
stances wagon their produce to the "Bee Line," if desired facili- 
ties we're denied them. 

Middletown is not disposed to neglect the subject of educa- 
tion. It has a good two-story frame school house valued at 
about $1,500, and has been sustaining a graded school for sever- 
al years. There are 263 children of a suitable age attached to 
the district, of whom 200 attended school, during 1870, while 
the average attendance is reported at 175. 

OGDKX. 

The town of Ogden, situated on the Central Railroad and 
National Road, in the southwestern portion of Spiceland town- 
ship, was laid out by Hiram Oram, in December, 1829. It was 
originally called Middletown, from its being the half way point 
between Richmond and Indianapolis, but when application was 
made for a post office, a " new name " was given it, as a rule 
of the Post Office Department would not admit of two offices of 
the same name in one county. Latterly, the custom is to grant 
but one of the same name in a State. 

Ogden was named in honor of a L T . S. Engineer, en- 
gaged in the construction of the National Road, and is the 
oldest town and firs t voting precinct in Spiceland township. 
We mention the following among the principal business men 
and firms of the place ; 



m RBKK1 001 M'V; PAST \M> PRESENT. 

Dry Good* and Groceries— Murphey & Son; Mr. Wright, 

.Hid <>. I?. Myrk.t. 

Drugs— Eli T. Hodson. 

Kurnitun — Gillespie .v Gtoble. 

Carriage and Wagon Maker— Moses Linderwood. 

Hoots and Shoes— R. A. Broadbent. 

Blacksmlthtng— James Steel. 

Phj Biciana— fc. V Toll ; William Cox; Alfred Reeves, and 
base Ballenger. 

Lttoraey— Robert X. Broadbent. 

There i< an excellent grist and saw mill (water-power), 
own. m1 by Murphey A Sou. and a steam saw mill, run by Gil- 
lespie, Goble & Hubbard. 

( >gden baa, besides, plasterers, masons, painters, carpenters, 
9tC, .Mi.- church— the Christians— and a good two-story brick 
school-house, recently cm-ted. Ogden has a population of about 
three bundled. 

F.KWISVILLE. 

The plat of I.ewisville was recorded December 25, 1829, by 
Lefri8 C. Freeman and James B. Harris, proprietors. It is lo- 
< sated i" the southern part of Franklin township, on Flat Rock 
I Ireek, where the Henry County Turnpike and Central Railroad 
i toes that stream, and, being in the midst of an excellent body 
of land <>t large scope, has been for many years a place of con- 
siderable business. When the town was laid out, two lots were 
Deserved for the use of the town. Lewisville has a population 
of almiit lie It- business interests are chiefly represented as 

follows : 

Dry (Joods, Notions, and Groceries— W. S. T. Morton; Jas. 
T.Watson; Robert Bartlett. 

Groceries, Notions, Queensware, Stationery, &c. — Benjamin 
s. Parker. 

Hard wan — Farm Implements, Stoves, &C— T. W. Hall. 

Stove- and Tin and Hollow Ware— Samuel Eaton. 

Druggists — C. A. Humphrey and Wm. H. Kerr. 

Blacksmiths— J. & W. Wilson and John C. Rickerd. 

Flouring Mill — J. E. Loveland. 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 7£ 

Physicians — Wm. M. Bartlett and Win. Vannuys. 

Notary Public and Conveyancer — B. S. Parker. 

Attorney — J. C. Howe. 

Besides these, there are two boot and shoemaBems^two tail- 
ors, two painters, and one saddle and harness maker, carpenters... 
masons, plasterers, milliners, watch makers, photographers* &e. 

The town has a large two-story brick school house and- 
a graded school, which has been quite successfully, conducted by 
W. C. Hall and James M. Smith. The Methodists have a frame 
church building, while the Presbyterians have one in course of 
erection. The real and personal property of Lewisville isratei 
for purposes of taxation at $147,GG0. 

GREENSBORO. 

This town was platted in February, 1S30, by John Wicker - 
sham, proprietor. It is situated on the east bank of Duck- 
Creek, about one mile from its junction with Blue Eiver, and, 
nearly seven miles north by east from Knightstewn. Being in 
the midst of a tract of fertile farming lands, it has ever enjoyed 
a considerable local traffic, though its growth in wealth and im- 
portance has not been so rapid as that of some other villages in 
the county. Greensboro has a number of excellent turnpikes 
radiating from it ; but it is as a station on the " underground 
railroad" that it has won a national reputation. As the home 
of a number of determined and veteran abolition agitators, it- 
had a reputation, fifteen or twenty years ago, second to no place- 
of its size in the whole country. In those early days a large 
building, known as "Liberty Hall," was often filled with en- 
thusiastic audiences, who listened to such apostles of freedom- 
as Arnold Buffum, Abby Kelly, Fred. Douglas, G. W. Julian, and 
others of note. 

Of the business men of the place we would name : 

Dry Goods — Ezra Spencer and Beagan & DiDee. 

Clothing — Thornberry & Newby. 

Drugs — Joel Wright and T. S. Williams. 

Groceries — Willard Loring. 

Hardware — Kern <fc West. 

Cabinet Maker — Thomas II. Mills.. 

9> 



-, in sn COUNTY; PAST am. PBK8ENT. 

Harness— A. A S. Weeks. 

,.,„„,,. .Wilson A Knightand R.Koontz. 

Dentistry— Wilson A licGuffin. 

w . - -Campllu iV Hacj • 

Blacksmlths-H. If. Jay and Spencer & Martm. 

Boots and Shoes-Stephen Deitch, Thomas Mowrer, and 

Bowen Bnrk. ' 

Grist mils— Risk A Elliott and Bowman & rayior. 

Physlclans-Newby .v Grose and it. H. Homer. 

Hotel— Allen Kirk. 

Churches-The Methodists and the Orthodox and llirk.it. 
branchea of Friends haveeacha church-building in the viBage, 
while .1.- Spiritualists havehere a comfortahle placed wor- 
ship, known as Progress Hall. 

The principal school-building in the place is a creditahle 

two-story frame. 

Tll( . population of Greenshoro is ahout 360, and the valua- 
lil)U o£ „„. re al and personal property within the corporation 
limits, which does not Include the whole town, is given at 

ro. 

BILLSBORO, 

One of the old towns of Henry county, is situated near the 
little Blue River, in the southeast corner of Prairie town- 
ship, and ahout three miles northeast of New Castle. It was 
laid out In 1830, by Thomas Maston and Samuel Rinehart. It 
has eighteen dwellings and a population of about one hundred. 
It has two Bmall stores, a Bmith shop, a steam saw mill, &c.,&c. 
v r ii are located the extensive woolen mills of Ice, Dunn & 
I . The place i- at present without a post office, as such an 
establishment, after two or three trials, was not found suffi- 
ciently lucrative to Induce a postmaster to longer discharge the 
duties Incldenl to it. "Dan Webster" was the name of the 
ollicc formerly established there. 

Bl 01 N I >\ II. 1.1'., 

Named after it- founder, Andrew Blount, was begun in July, 
_■. it u located on the east bank of Stony Creek, near the 

northeast corner of t lie county, and about fourteen miles north- 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 75 

•vast of the county seat. Among the early settlers in the imme- 
diate neighborhood were John Hodgins, a Mr. Scofield, raid Jona- 
than Bedwell. 

The population of Blountsrille is about ISO, and there are 
41 dwellings in the village. 

The Methodists and Xew Light denominations have each, 
good church buildings, while a good two-story brick school 
house speaks well for the place. 

The business interests of the place are chiefly represented 
as follows : 

Dry Goods— Jesse Carey and Eli Warner. 

Drugs and Groceries — William Luther. 

Family Groceries — "William Bird. 

Physicians — Jont. Ross, L. A. Hendricks, and B. F. Adams. 

Furniture — J. X. Stanly and J. D. Brenington. 

There is also a good flouring mill, a saw mill, smith shop, a 
hotel, kept by Mark Walradt, carpenters, boot and shoe shop, 
&C., &c. Several new turnpikes center here, which will have a 
tendency to greatly enhance the pleasure as well as profit ot 
living and doing business in the place. 

NEW LISBON, 

Formerly called Jamestown (or "Jimtown"), was located 
in 1S33, by James Tomkinson and Wm. Crane. It is situated on 
the Xew Castle and Dublin Pike and Fort Wayne, Muncie and 
Cincinnati Railroad, about eight miles southeast of Xew Castle 
and four and one-half northwest of Dublin. It is a village of 
about forty dwellings, and near two hundred inhabitants, and, 
we believe, has never aspired to become an incorporated city. 

Among the business men may be mentioned, in the way 
of— 

Dry Goods — Shawhan & Son. 

Groceries — Henry Hart and Jacob Wiseman. 

Physicians — Messrs. Kepler and Cain. 

Tile Factory— Jonathan Ratliff and Samuel Ward. 

Blacksmith — Patrick Johnson. 

Shoemaker — Cornelius Warner. 

The writer distinctly recollects a steam saw mill as being 



ill m:v . ..i vn : PAST and PRESENT. 

among the wonders of B Jlmtown,' 1 about the year 1837. This 
w.i- cotemporaneous, <>r nearly bo (if not tlie identical mill) r 

with owned by Daniel Reynolds and A. L. Pleas, and 

located, for ;t -li< nt time, about one-half mile north of Hope- 
well Meeting Bouse. This was none of your improved institu- 
ii..n-. in which ilie -aw dust was amply sufficient for fuel. It 
had two huge boilers, and required about five cords of the best 
wood per day to keep up Bteam, while the accumulation of 
m« dust around the mill In a few months bid fair to render ap- 
proach to it Impossible; These were undoubtedly the first 
attempts at utilizing the Dowel's of -team in this county, and 
from the best Information coming down to us, the effort was 
not a brilliant success financially. 

For many years New Lisbon had the appearance of being 
tini-lied: but good turnpike- and the inspiring influence of the- 
Junction Railroad have rejuvenated it, and it now enjoys con- 

able trade, and a number of new buildings are noticeable 
w 111:1.1. ani>. 

A village of this name seems to have been projected in 
1833, as is attested on our records over the signature of Caleb 
William-. Surveyor; but since neither township, range, nor 

Iod i- given, by Which to lix its "local habitation," we con- 
clude that it never successfully passed the paper stage. 

SHARINGTON, 

Another paper village, was plaited February 23, 18:30, by Benja- 
min Franklin, Abraham Showalter and James Personett; and. 
although the location is not given, it is probable that it was 
"laid out" Dear the road now leading from Cadiz to 3iiddletown r 
and about two and a half miles east of Mechanicsburg. 

I.l'KAV. 

Luray was laid out in 1836, by Lot Hazleton, and is located 
in the Dorthern end of Prairie township, on the Newcastle & 
ftfuncie Turnpike, ten miles due north of New Castle There 
la a line flouring mill in the vicinity. A church, school house, 
one physician, smith -hop. &p., are h, the village. The population 
numbered 66, according to the late census. The completion of 
the Fort Wayne. Muncle c \. Cincinnati Railroad, which runs 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 77 

■within one and one-half miles of the place, as is usual in such 
«ases, has a depressing effect upon the village. 

WOODVILLE. 

This village, located on the line between Greensboro and 
j Harrison townships, about live miles northwest of the town of 
Greensboro, was founded May, 1836, James Atkinson, proprie- 
tor. The population of the place is quite limited. The country 
around is leavel but quite fertile. 

Alfred Jackson and Leonard Fowler preside over the dry 
goods trade of the place, and Dr. Wilson C. Olden is the .dSscu- 
lapius of the region. 

CADIZ, 

Founded September 11, 1836, David Pickering, proprietor, is 
located seven miles north of Avest from New Castle, and is the 
principal village in Harrison township. 

It has a population of about three hundred, and is a place 
of considerable business. Among its principal business men 
Ave mention : 

Dry Goods — B. W. Pickering; Hess £ Cooper; MeCormack 
& Bouslog. 

Drugs — Nelson & Meek ; Bond & Alshouse. 

Physicians — L. W. Hess and L. X. Benedict. 

Hotels — D. Bees and Captain Collins. 

Attorney — Jacob Meek. 

Besides which then' are carpenters, cabinet-makers, two 
black-smith shops, a tile factory, boot and shoe shops, a grist 
mill, saw mill, a good school house, and the Friends, Methodists, 
and Christian congregations have each a church, and the Spir- 
itualists a hall in which occasional services are held. A hack 
* line, carrying a daily mail, has been established for several years 
between this place and New Castle. 

At the time Cadiz was founded there was no house within 
seven miles on the west, and the population of the township 
was but little in excess of one hundred. 

ROGERSVILLE, 

Situated in the west part of Stony Creek township, and about 
ten miles northeast of New Castle, was laid out by James O. 



H i vn : PAST VXD PRESENT. 

burn, in January, 1837. The popula- 
. m Beventy, and the business of the place i- represented 

principally by in \ ablishment, kept by .». W. 

Lake, a grocery Btore and harness shop, by Jabish Luellen, a 

shoe store, by W. T. Wilkinson, and a smith Bhop,by Luellen 

. Dr. Kerr Is the physician. A division of Sons ol 

Temperance was kept up here until quite recently, and several 

• r 1 1 it- institution had been suspended in every othei 

;' the county. 

ELIZABETH CITY, 

Pounded hi September, 1838, by Robert Morris Overman, is lo- 
: ..ii the Knightstown and.Warrington Pike, in the north- 
\ -• corner ol Wayne township. There is a fine body of farm- 
ing land around it. Wilkinson & Brother are dealers in dry 
I groceries, two smith shops, run by X. McDougaJ and 
•- i Burris. There are twowagon shops, a carpenter shop, one 
mill, an M. E. church, :i school house, and twenty-two 
families in the place. 

PJ : ERSBRUGH, 

• ■ northeastern part of Liberty township, was 

founded In , but soon got its growth, reaching only about 

half a dozen houses. 

( HICAGO, 

ided in , is located on the New Castle and Hagerstown 

pike, about one and one-half miles southeast of Millville and 
half a mile from the raUroad, which seems to have ruined its 
Be I rospects. At one time it numbered ten or twelve 
», one or tw<> Btores, and two hotels. 

-in ELAND. 

This flourishing, and, in many respects, remarkable, village 

■ rted In name and contained a few houses more than a third 

or a century ago, although it was first regularly platted and 

sold by Driver Boon and other-, in ls47. 

A postofBce was established in 1838, Thomas Cook, Post- 

Bter. The first goods were sold here by Solomon Sweet, in 

A Friends' meeting and school were established, in 1828 

or 1829, the meetings at first being held in a log barn, 



HENRY lOl'NTV VILLAGES 



70 



after which a log house was erected for the purpose. The 
merc antile and manufacturing interests of the village are now 
considerable. There are engaged in the sale ot 

Dry Goods-Evans & Johnson; Newby & Bogue; J. E. & 

C. W. Bogue. 

Groeeries— llolloway & Stanley. 

Drugs and Groceries— Woollen & Unthahk, and J. & L. 

Bedding. 

Blaeksmithing-James Sears; Thomas Lawrence. 

Wagons and Carriages— E. & C. Ratliff. • 

Physicians-Coetean & Stewart; T. S. Basye. Besides 
these there is an extensive saw and planing mill, owned by ^ . 
W. Wilson, a pump factory, by Charles Dickinson, a hotel, by 
\nn E Pleas several shoe and carpenter shops, &c. 

The establishments and trades above mentioned are, per- 
haps, as well patronized here as in other villages, but in 
educational matters, Spiceland far excels most plaees ot 
its size in the county. The academy building will accommo- 
date comfortably about 250 pupils, and it is the opinion ot 
Spicelanders generally that, in range of studies, advancement, 
and general excellence, the school is not surpassed m the county. 

There is a Library Association, with a capital ot $2,<00, 
half paid in, and near six hundred volumes on its shelves, ^ m. 
Dawson, Librarian. 

4 Lecture Association has been in successful operation foi 
three* seasons just past, employing several first class lecturers. 

The village was incorporated about one year ago, and hail, 
in July last, a population of 371, with property assessed at 

$135,780. 

SULPHTJB 8PKIHGS, 

The village of Jefferson township, is situated on the Chicago 
and Great'Eastern Railroad, about seven miles northwest of New 
Castle. It was recorded January 1, 1S53, by Wm, S. 1 ost, and 
now contains about two hundred and fifty inhabitants. The 
place contains one Methodist church, a school house, one hotel 
a -ood grist mill, one saw mill, a tile factory, one wagon and 
two smith shops. Dry goods are kept by Whitworth & 



MKNin 001 MV; PAST A.Nl> PBB8KNT. 

m.i orkte and Asbury Bhowalter; drugs by Yost ft Brother, 
■ad * grocery bj S. Swank. The physicians are Henry Mine- 
linger and Mr. Reasoner. 

The property, real and personal, foots up $.">l,i»10. 

Ml'. SUMMIT, 

A)r Summit, as it Is generally called, was recorded in April, 
1865, by .lose. Ice proprietor, it derives its name from the sup- 
position that it occupies one of the highest points In the county. 
• Is located In the western part of Prairie township, on the 
I'ort Wayne, tfuncie and Cincinnati Railroad, and, although 
-<•arr.lv entitled to be railed a village 1'or the first dozen years 
-<.f it- existence, Bince the completion of the railroad through 
the place, it has made fair progress. The business is represent- 
ed, in part, thus : 

Dry good — John Okee, and Beavers & Brothers. 
Cabinel Maker— Wesley Dunbar. 
Wagon Makers— S. S. Canaday A: Son. 

Boots and Shoe: lame- Courtney. 

Besides these, there are two smith shops, two carpenter 
-hop-, one Baw mill, a school house, &c. The place contains 

it*120 inhabitants. 

mil i. \ ii.i, i:. 

Tills village, situated on the Great Eastern Railroad, near 
the center of Libei'tj tow aship, and about seven miles from the 
county seat, was founded in 1855, by John Harshbarger. Its 
business is represented, in the way of dry goods, by Granville, 
Forkner ft Co. and s. D. Wisehart; drugs and groceries by 
Howren & Schoolfleld. The physicians are James Stafford and 
Mr. Schoolfleld. There is also a smith shop, a wagon shop, and a 
good steam saw mill, from which the place derives its unpreten- 
tious name. The population of the place numbers about one 
hundred and flftj . 

A8HL \N D. 

Or HuUin's Station, situated on the Great Eastern Railroad, in 
Liberty low nsliip, about i iiree miles from N'ew < 'astle, was begun 
iu 1856. Its present population is about sixty. 
D aler in Drj Good — Wesley Snod grass. 



HENRY COUNTY VILLAGES. 81 

Grain Dealer — Charles Wilson. 
Steam Saw Mill — Xetts & Brother. 

The above, together with a smith shop, constitute the most 
noticeable business features of the place. 

CIRCLEVILLE, 

On the dividing line between Blue River and Stony Creek 
townships, founded a score or more of years ago, has passed the 
zenith of its glory, and now, as a village, scarcely exists, save in 
memory. We believe Mark E. Reeves, a retired Richmond 
merchant, still owns a number of corner lots in the place. 

MECHANICSBURGH 

Was recorded by Peter Keesling and others, September 22, 1858, 
and is located in the southwestern part of Fall Creek township, 
and about four miles west of south from Middletown. At the 
last census i'J contained 133 inhabitants and some twenty-one 
dwellings. X. R. Elliott and Thomas Goodwin represent the 
dry goods interests of the place; Ezra Buff kin the drug trade; 
Isaac and M. Woods do the blacksmithing, and Keesling & 
Elliott's saw mill men attend to the lumber interests of the 
village. The town is located in the midst of a very fertile tract 
of country, and, with three or four good pikes radiating from 
it as a center (although never destined to become a great city), 
a prosperous growth for years to come may confidently be ex- 
pected. 

HONEY CREEK, 

Located on the Chicago and Great Eastern Railroad, in Fall 
Creek township, three miles southeast of Middletown, was 
founded in 186 . Adam Evans and a Mr. Conned are engaged 
in the goods trade, which, with a blacksmith shop and a steam 
saw mill, constitutes the principal business features of the 
place. 

DCNRKITH. 

This is one of the youngest of Henry county villages, and is 
located in the southeast part of Spiceland township. The first 
lots were sold by J. W. Griffin, in the year 1865, and was soon 
followed by additions from Caleb Johnson and Thomas Evans. 
A station was located here on the completion of the Central 



I , NK i OUHTY; PA8T iND PRESENT. 

. called Coffin's Station, after the proprietor. Kmcry 

Dunreith Coffln.and n depot, oneor two business houses, and 

four dwelling? w • Those interested, in lsus, 

le ! .hi ■ chang ' name, but out of respect to Mr. < oftin's 

memory called the incipient village Dunreith, alter his middle 
• Mm. Mind thestatlonand post office were re-named aeeordinjrly. 
The place i- fortunately situated as a poinl for the shipment of 
a vast amount of produce. I: is one of the liveliest villages of 
thecounty,and contained 180 inhabitants in < October last. Lois 
have generally sold here so as to realize fitbm $ 100 to .f 1,000 perj 
acre. The following are mentioned as anions the enterprising 
business men of the place : — 

l„.y Goods — '. T. Crum & Co. and stubs & p.rown. 
Flardwan — Mr. I > i x . > i ! . 

Drugs and Groceri Hudelson & English and Gause <Sj 

Porch. 

, Lime, Lath, Shingles, etc., etc.— FlemJ 
Batcliff. 

Physician — Messrs. Butler, Holloway, and Wm. 1). Cox. • 

Factory— Albertson Brotl ■-. 
There is also a hotel and livery stable,kept by Mr. Young, twq 
smith Bhops, a carriage shop, and an excellent steam saw mill, 
run by Smith, Moricle & Simmons. 

A daily hack line plies between this point and Greensboro] 
via Spiceland, and twice per day between Dunreith and Spiee- 
land. The town was incorporated last fall. It has a large two- 
frame school house, and the Christians and Friends have 
lurishing congregation and good buildings. 
btraughh's statiox, 
Yet in it- infancy, was laid out by Merriman Strauglm, in 1SGS. 
It is located in the south part of Dudley town-hip, on the Cen- 
tral Railroad and Henry County Turnpike (the old National 

d al ; half way between Dublin and Lewisville. 

It has sixty Inhabitants, two -tore-, a post office, an express 
smith Bhop, awagon shop, a sehool house, and a church, 
which cost about $2,600. Merriman Straughn the " oldest in- 
habitant," came to the Vicinity in the autumn of 1822, when all 



BENRY lOl'STV VILLAGES. 83 

around was a •• bowling wilderness ;" when it was the fashion to 

build railways with the rails across the track. 

GRANT CITY, 

One of the youngest of Henry county villages, is handsomely 
situated and well laid out, on the Knight-town and Middletown 
Turnpike, six miles north of Knight-town. It is a lively little 
place, and was laid out by Jacob Green, Esq., in October, 1SG8. 
It has a population of sixty-eight, one Friends* meeting house, 
and a good school house. The Methodists have recently effected 
a church organization. 

There are two general -tores, one drug store and doctor's 
oflice, one steam saw mill, two smith shops, one cabinet shop, 
&c. In the vicinity lives John Manlove, one of the pioneers, 
eighty-seven year- >>! age, aid for about titty year- a resident of 
the county. 

SPRIHGPORT 

Sprang into existence after the location of the Fort Wayne, 
Muncie & Cincinnati Railroad, in 1869, and, as a consequence, 

lias not had time to acquire metropolitan dimensions. It is sit- 
uated in the northwestern part of Prairie township. The pop- 
ulation numbers near 

Dry Goods and Groceries are sold by Rieman & Vance, and 
by Hiram Allen. 

Drugs and Medicines — Charles Hickman. 

Physicians — E. A. Estabrook, ami D. Comstoek. 

There is also a smith shop, a saw mill, &c. 

And tins brings us to the end of the list of villages, ''past 
and present," for Henry county. Several of these, it will be ob- 
served, scarcely existed, save in the "florid imaginations" of 
their sanguine projectors. The notice of the " rise and pro- 
gress " of many of these has necessarily been short, and in some 
iustances not as full relatively, as the comparative importance of 
the place would have warranted ; but in the haste of prepara- 
tion it has not always been possible to obtain the desired in- 
formation just when wanted, especially of the business inter- 
ests of this or that locality, and in some instances very import- 



M in m^ m.intY; PAW AMD NUBUKT 

ant feasant, >M.h u Oaiely'fl flax mill, at Knightstown, &c, 
were overlooked at the proper time. 

Ibe propriety of giving a sort of directory In connection 
witli the iketob of each village has been debatable from the 
flnc,rinee changeawere constantly going on; new firms com- 
ing nu in the Stage and old ones passing oft". Still it is believed 
the feature i- of sufficient Interest, in spite of needed emenda- 
ttona,tO warrant its retention. 



HENRY COUNTY OFFICERS. 



While it is not presumed that all Henry county officials 
have been paragons of virtue, it is nevertheless true that the 
county has more generally been blessed with honorable and 
capable men for officers than most counties within our knowl- 
edge. No well founded charges of peculation or corruption in 
office seems ever i<> have been preferred against a Henry county 
official by any well meaning person, and there is no evidence of 
a Bingle ei.ni having been lost, to the county by any defaulting 
public 'servant, nor of their securities ever having suffered from 
tin- misconduct of the principal, fliosl of them have been what 
were considered by the standard of the times temperate men; 
and, although all have not been teetotalers, a regular whisky 
Moat has scarcely ever been able to command any considerable 
support in the county, which is far from being the fact in many 

< nties in the State. 

With such officials the finances of the county, as will be 
seen elsewhere, have in the main been judiciously managed, and 
the burthens laid upon the peoplelighter than in most counties of 
the State, and. for many years, a "county order*' has been just 
a~ good as a check on the inn-t flourishing bank, or as so much 
of the currency of the times paid in hand. These matters are 
not mentioned tor the purpose of fostering county pride, but as 
a simple record of facts, which a pretty extensive search among 



HENRY COUNTY OFFICERS. 



85 



the county archives seems to justify. 

The following tables give nearly a complete list of the pub- 
lic servants of Henry count}', together with the dates of service. 
It is proper to mention, however, that, from the changing of 
the official term, strict accuracy has not always been attainable 
"without more research than was convenient ; and it is also well 
to mention that, as in the ease of the Treasurer, the date named 
of necessity includes the year in which they were inducted into 
office as well as the outgoing year, a portion of which was of 
course served. 

OUR SENATORS, FROM 1822 TO 1871. 

Henry county has been represented in the upper branch of 
the State General Assembly by fifteen "grave and reverend 
seigniors,*' of whom thirteen have been citizens of the county. 
Amaziah Morgan, of Rush, and Thomas Bell, of Madison, being 
the "outsiders" who have had the honor of speaking for us. 
Our legislators have not all been Solons, but the probability is 
that they have been, morally and intellectually at least, fully up 
to the average of the times. Bflow is given a list of such 
Senators, with dates, and counties composing the districts, &c. 



Names. 

James Gregory 

Amaziah Morgan . . . 

Amaziah Morgan . . . 

Elisha Long 

Thomas Bell 

Thomas R. Stanford 

Jehu T. Elliott 

Thomas R. Stanford 

Eli Murphey 

George Evans 

E. T. Hickman 

W. W. Williams 

Isaac Kinley 

J. H. Mellet't 

Milton Peden 

Thomas Reagan 

L. W. Hess 



Years Served. 



1823-24-25 

1826-27-28 

1829-30 

1831-32-33-84 

1835 

1836-31-38 

lsi'.MO-n 

1842-43-44 
1845-46-4'J 
1848-49-60 
1851-52-53 
1 854-55-56 
1857-68-69 ' 
1860-61-62-63 
18il-65 

is<w-<n 

1868^69-TO-Tl 



Counties Constituting District. 



Henry, Rush, Marion, Madison, 
Shelby, Decatur, Johnson. 

Henry, "Rush, Randolph, Allen. 

Rush," Henry, Randolph, Allen. 
Delaware. 

Henrj', Madison, Hancock. 

Same. 

Same. 

Henry constituted the District- 
Same. 

Same. 

Same. 

Same. 

Same. 

Same. 

Same. 

Same. 

Some. 

Henry and Hancock, 









li s ::i c mi vn ; P 1ST \M> PRESENT. 



ni i: 1:1 n.iM \i ui\i-. i K'>M 1822 TO 1871. 

Below will be found a list, almost complete, of our Repre- 
sentative* in the lower branch of the General Assembly. 



N nines. 



^ . .11 - Served. 



Tbomu Hendricks 

'ih. .in. i- i:. Stanford 

Elifba Long 



Klislin Long 
\\ in. < onner 



Klisbn Long. 
Thomas Bell 
Thomas R. Stanford 
David Macy 
Dai i'l Blacj . 
i:. Henderson . 
Dai Id Macv. 
Miles Murphy. 
Robert M. • ooper. 
Jesse H. Healy.. 

i:. M. per 

Ralph Berkshire 
: '. ' . Shawhan ... 
i. i:. Stanford 
Joel Reed 

':. If. per 

Simon Bummers 
Isaac Parker 
Joel Reed 
Robert l. Hndelson 
Isaac Parker. 
.'. w. Grubbs .... 

Powell 
Simon Summers 
Samuel • <>nin 
Jesse w. Baldwin 
M. I.. Bundy 
w ra. \. Riifner 
Butler Hubbard 
Russell Jordan 
Isaac H. Morris . 
Josi ph ^ ount 
■*. \\ . Stewart 
LnthcrC. Melletl 
Milton Peden 
v ii. Ballenger 
a\ in. i .i ose. 
J. II. Mellctt 
■«i. I.. Bundj 
• . i '. Morgan 
i '. W, < bambers 
John R. MiUikan 
i»r. i hlttenden 
Thomas Lines 



.. . 



1881-SS ■ 
1885 

1881 
1888 
1889 
1840 
1841 
1843 
1843 
1844 

1-17 

1848 

1850 

1851-53 
1858-4 

1857-68 

1850-60 

1861-63 

1868-64 

1865-S6-67-68 

1869-7(Mn 

1870-71 



Remarks. 



Henry, Rush, Decatur, Shelby. 

<n Henry, for Henry, Madison, 
ami Hamilton. 

Henry, Hamilton, Hancock, Mad- 
ison, and all the country north 
in the Mate line, not attached 
to some other countv. 



Henry eouni v alone. 



Joint for Henry and Madia 
Joint for Henry and fifadisi 



HENRY COUNTY OFFICERS. 87 

COMMISSIONERS, FROM 1822 TO 1824. 

Ulan Shepherd, 1822 to 1828, Elisha Shortridge, 1822 to 1824, 

Bamuel Goble, 1828 to 1824, -William Shannon, 1823 to 1824. 

BOARD OF JUSTICES, FROM 1824 TO 1827.* 

frames Johnston, 1824 to 1825,i Lewis Tacket, 1825 to 1827, 

William Shannon. 1824 to 1827, Abraham Elliott, 1825 to 1827,5 

James Gilmore, 1824 to 1826,1 Moses Robe rtson, 1825 to 1827, 
Samuel Batson or Bedson , '24 to '27,Absalom Louthain, 182b to 1827, 

Samuel Lonthain, 1824 to 1827. John Freelin, 1820 to 1827, 

Robert Thompson, 1824 to 1827, Jesse Daily, 1820 to 1827, 

Thomas Wadkins, 1824 to 1827, Joseph Craft, 1827, 

Abraham Heaton, 1824 to 1827, Levi Cropper, 1827, 

Sampson Smith, 1823 to 1820. Thomas Ellison, 182.. 
John Harris, 1825 to 1827. 

COMMISSIONERS, FROM 1827 TO 1872. 

James Fort, 1S27 to 182S, Jacob Elliott, 1S44 to 1847 

Elisha Shortridge, 1827 to 1829, William S. \ ost, — to 1845, 

Abraham Heaton, 1827 to 1828, Preserved L. W. McKee, lb4o to 1846, 

John Whitacre, 182, t„ 1831, Elisha Clift, 1846 to 18o3, 

John S. Cooper, 1828 so 1829, Jason WiUiams,1847 tol850, 

Solomon Brown, 1819 to 1834, ■ James T. Snodgrass, 1848 to 1851, 

Robert Murpbey, 1829 to 1836, David Palmer 1850 to 1853, 

Joseph Bobbins, 1831 to 1834, Jesse Paul, 1851 to 1854, 

J. R. Leonard, to 1834, John Cooper 1853 to i& , 

Tabor W. McKee. 1834 v , I B» , 8. B. Binford, 1854 to 800 

John Whitacre, 1835 to I Thomas R. Stan or- J 18^4 to 1800, 

Jesse Forkner, 1836 to 1837, W. L. Boyd, 1856 to 1888, 

J. W. Baldwin, 1836 to 1838, M. F. Edwards 1860 to 1866, 

1). c. Bhawhan, 1837 to 1840, John Minesinger, 1861 to lob,, 

George Corwine, 1*38 to 1841, Elias Phelps, 1802 o 1869 

Jesse H Healv, 1840 to 1843, Andrew Harrold, 1866 to 18.0, 

Jan's LalU^ to 1839, Andrew ^-1807 to 1870 

Matthew McKimmy, 1839 to 1842, WiUiamsNicho ^n. 1808 to 18.1, 

Nathan Hunt, 1841 to 1844, Thomas N. TV bite, 1870 to 18,,, 

Nelson Sharp, 1842 to 1848. Jabish Luellen, 18.0 to 1873, 

Aquila Barrett, 1843 to 1845, R- H. Cooper, elect. 
SHERIFFS, FROM 1822 TO 1872. 

Jesse H. Healev, 1822 to 1827, Thomas Ginu, 1830 to 1841, 

Ezekiel Leaveli, 1827 to 1828, Tabor W. McKee, 1841 to 1843, 

Jacob Thornburgb, 1S28 to 1830, Joshua Chappell, 1843 to 1847, 

Jesse Forkner, 1830 to 1S33, Jesse H. Healey, 184 . to 18ol, 

Moses Robinson, 1834 to 1830, Joshua Johnson, 1851, 

Tabor W. McKee, 1837 to 1 831 , W. W. Shelley, 1851 to 1855, 



*Bv an act of the General Assembly, February, 1324, the Justices of 
the Peace became ex officio County Commissioners, but this seems to have 
n fallen into disrepute, and, in 1827, the Board of Commissioners was 
revived. 

^President of Board, in 1824. 

tPresident, in 1825 and part of 1826; died, in 1820. *«««,««. 

^Elected President, in 1820, to fill vacancy caused by death of Gilmoie. 



vs iii:m:v OOUKTT; PAST AND PRESENT. 

ivt.-r Bhroyer, 1866 i" 18CT, ,; - ''• ( arr, 1868 to 1867, 

. : Bhelley, 1861 to T. 8. Bedford, 1887 to 1871, 

.i. u . \ mm a, '<• '•• Mullen, elect. 

i U 181 i.i R8i 1 BOM 1822 TO 1872. 

Win. Shannon, !■ . JohnC. Hudelson, 1841 to 1862, 
Benjamin Barrey, 1894, '-• D. Meek, 1868 to 1866, 

uumm Bedsanl, U B. C. Grnbbs, 1866 to 1867,+ 

Matthew William-. I aleb Johnson, is.".; to 1861, 

Isaac Bedaanl, 1888 to I Emsley .Julian, 1861 to 1865, 

Mil.- Murphy, i- Morgan James, 1865 to 1867, 

John T. Elliott, It M '■• B. M. Grnbbs, 1861 to 1869, 

Samuel Bernard, 1889 to 1841, George Baaaard, 1869 to 1871, 

Joshua Holland, 1841 to 1844, Rotheus Scott, elect. 
II. i . Bundy, 1844 to 

i i I EtKS "i < tRCUTI COURT. 

The Constitution of Indiana provides that tlie "judiciary 
power" of this State "shall be vested in one Supreme Court, in 
Circuit Courts, and such other inferior Courts as the General 
Assembly may from time to time direct and establish." 

The official title of the fiduciary dignitary commonly called 
the " < '-unity < Ink " is " < lerk of the Circuit Court,*' although 
it i> evident from the records that more than half his onerous 
duties have at all times bad their origin in the "inferior courts," 
and while discharging the functions of the various positions 
he has often attested documents as " C. C. C. P. II. C.,"' or "C. 
II. I'. ( '.." or "C. H. C.P. ( !," or " Clerk of the Board,"" which, 
being Interpreted v probably means, "Clerk of the Circuit Court 
and Probate of Henry County," or "Clerk of the Henry Com- 
mon Pleas Court," or "Clerk of the Board of Commissioners,*' 
>\ . The following is a li-t, from the earliest times till the year 
<•! grace, L871, of the Circuit Court: 
Bene Julian, 1899 to 18 Eli Murphey, 1888 to 1843, 

Abraham Elliott, I Samuel Hoover, 1842 to 1S50,|| 

John Elliott, 1898 i 8. T. Powell, ia50 to 1855, 



♦Filled by Deputy J. 8. Penis. 

I-Dled In office. J. W. Grnbbs, was appointed to fill the unexpired 
term, but Thomas Sogers performed the duties of the oflicc. 
: Died in office, august 8, i«28. 

fll'ro tern., lillin- the otlice lor a few weeks only. 

HDutiei .T office performed by s. T. Powell, deputy, for about two 
yean, 



HENRY COUNTY OFFH ERS. §&• 

3. < . Hudelson, 1855 to 1859, H. H. Hkitt, 1m',7 to I871 r * 

Benjamin Shirk, 1859 to 1867, I». W. Kinsey, 1871. 

PRESIDING JUDGES. 

From the organization of the State until the adoption of 
the new Constitution, in 1S51, the Judges of the Circuit Court 
were, one Presiding Judge, elected by the circuit (often com- 
prising half a dozen or more counties), and two resident Asso- 
ciate Judges. Hon. Miles C. Eggleston, of Brookville, was the 
first "President Judge," and T. B. Stanford and Elisha Long 
the first Associate Judges. Below is given the li«t, with dates 
of service : 

Miles C. Eggleston 1838 to 18251 Joseph Anthony 1853 to 1855 

Bethuel P. Morris 1825 to 1830 Jeremiah Smith 1S55 

Charles H. Test 1830 to 1836 Jehu T. Elliott 1855 to 1864 

Samuel Bigger 1S36 to 184U Silas Colgrove 1865 to 1S67 

- s Perry 1840 to 1844 Jos. S. Buckles 18(57 to 1871 

Jehn T. Elliott 1844 to 1853 Joshua H. Mellett 1671 

O. P. Morton 1852 to 1853. 

ASSOCIATE JUDGES. 

Thomas R. Stanford 1822 to 1S25 Gabriel Cosand 1843 to 1846 

Elisha Long 1822 to 1826 Abraham Elliott 1843 to 1849 

John Anderson 1826 to 1839 James "W. Crowley 1843 to 1850 

Byron Cadwalader 1825 to 1834 Wm. W. Williams 1849 to 1853 

Jacob Tliarp 1834 to 1843 Joseph Farley 1850 to 1S52 

Jacob Thornburgh 1S39 to 1840| 

In 1S52 the Associate Judges were lopped off and the Pre- 
siding Judge was termed " sole Judge.*' 

CIRCUIT PROSECUTORS. 

These important functionaries, with whom hangs the fate 
of the evil-doers to a much larger extent than on either Judge 
or jury, seem to have heen at first appointed, and then elected 
annually, and afterward biennially. The following is the list 
complete, except appointments pro tern. : 

Lot Bloomfleld lS22i Martin M. Ray 1841 

James Gilmore 1823 1 J. T. EUlott 1843 

Abraham Elliott 1824| Samuel E. Perkins 1844 

Harvey Gregg 1825IJ. B. Julian 1844 

Calvin Fletcher 1826 John B. Stitt 1846" 

James "Whitcomb 1827 Joshua H. Mellett 184S 

Charles H. Test 1828 >ilas Colgrove 1852 

Samuel C. Sample 1888 E. B. Martindale 1855 

Wm. W. Wick 1829 Thomas M. Brown 1855 

James Perry 1830 James X. Templer 1862 

Wm. J. Brown . , 1832 L. W. Goodwin 1867 

S. W. Parker 1837; D. W. Chambers 1868 to 1872 

David Macy 1S39| 

*Died March 21, 1871, before entering upon the second term of office to 
-which he had been elected. D. "W. Kinsey was appointed by the Commis- 
sioners to the office till the next- eeneral election, in 1872. 

10 



lii-MC. CO« KTY; PAST AND PRESENT. 

Hod of our Attorneys have temporarily filled the positions 
i Mentor "no or more terms, by appointment of the Court, 
i. ut it la not deemed necessary to enter into particulars. And bo 
..f the Judges 1 bench, especially of late years. In case of the 
aon-appearance of the Judge elect, the Sheriff, Clerk, and Au- 
ditor seiecl some suitable person to till the bench, and we find 
the names of Judges Walker, Brown, &c., frequently occur- 
ring on the Order Books of the Court. 

CLKKKS OK PROBATE. 

At the time of the organization of the county, there was 
in existence S Probate Court, which had especial jurisdiction 
In the .settlement of decedents' estates, whether intestate or 
otherwise, the jurisdiction in this regard being much the same 
i< that of the Court of Common Pleas of a later day. The 
Clerk of the Circuit Court was, by virtue of his office, Clerk of 
the Probate Court, tilling both positions during his term of 
office, except in the case of S. T. Powell, during whose term the 
Probate Court was abolished and the Common Pleas instituted. 
Those who thus served areas follows: Ilene Julian, Abraham 
Elliott, John Elliott, Eli Murphey, Samuel Hoover, S. T. Powell. 

COMMON' I'LKAS JUDGES. 

The Court of Common Pleas appears to have been invented 
Immediately upon the formation of the new Constitution, to 
lake tlie place of the old Probate Court, and, it might be added. 
confuse and complicate litigation — in which respect the exist- 
of two courts having so nearly identical jurisdiction, as the 
Circuit and Common Pleas Courts have, has been quite a success. 
The flrsl term of the Common Pleas Court for Henry county 
began in 1853, and the following is a list of the Judges: 

M. I.. Bandy 1853 to 1860 1 D. S. Gooding 1862 to 1865 

Win. Grose isiki to isr.t Wm. It. "West lSQto is; 

• K. 1!. Martindale 1861 to 1SG2 | 

DISTRICT PROSECUTORS. 



I . B. Martindale is.->:>, 

■ I. ucic- Bron n ... 1855 

r. B. Bedding 1851 

«. i.. Seed 1851 

■\ . k. Bougfa 1881 

i '. w. < onutocb 1868 



.1. B. Martindale 1st;.-, 

tC. w. Thompson 1881 

till. A. Hilev 1887 

Win. K. Walker 1861 

Joseph w. Worl.' lS09tol871 



!•■ till racancy caused by the resignation of Judge Grose. -j-Of Ilan- 
1 >f Grant countv. ^of Hancock county. 



HENRY COUNTY OFFICERS. 91 

RECORDERS OF HENRY COUNTY. 

The office of Recorder, for quite a number of years, does 
not seem to have been counted a prize of any great value, and, 
notwithstanding the business continued steadily to grow from 
the first, as the records abundantly show, the emoluments of the 
office were less than $900 in 18G3. The following are the names 
and dates of service of the incumbents : 



Rene Julian 1822 to 1828 

Thomas tiinn 1828 to 1834 

Joel Rml 1834 to 1841 

J. A. Mc-Means 1841 to isss 



Butler Hubbard 1859 to 1S67 

Enos Bond 1S67 to 1868 

*Butler Hubbard 1868 

Levi Bond 1868 to 1872 



AUDITORS OF HENRY COUNTY. 

This office was created in 1S40. Prior to this time, the po- 
sition of Clerk to the Board of County Commissioners had 
been filled by the Clerk of the Circuit Court, the duties, so far 
as they went, being somewhat similar to those now performed 
by the Auditor, though in extent not being a tithe of what now 
devolves upon the office. Indeed, the records of the first twenty 
years' transactions are hardly equal to those recorded for one 
quarter at the present day. Some estimate may be formed of 
the growth of the duties of the office from the fact that Rene 
Julian was allowed seventeen dollars for his labors as Clerk of 
the Board for four terms of the Commissioners' Court in 1822, 
while to-day the duties require the unremitting labors of two 
persons from early morning until ten o'clock P. M., nearly every 
day in the year, an amount of duties considerably in excess even 
of the onerous duties of the Clerk's office, which it about equals 
in point of pay. So far the office has been filled by but four 
parsons (and, singular to relate, they have all been preachers, 
to- wit : 

James Iliff 1S41 to 18501 Thomas Rogers 1863 to 18OT 

Thomas Rogers 1S5U to 1856 Seth S. Bennett 1867 to 1871 

James S. Ferris 1856 to 1863| 

COLLECTORS OF HENRY COUNTY. 

Prior to 1840 the collection of the county revenue appears 
to have been a duty distinct from the functions of keeping and 
paying out the same, and generally devolved upon a different 
person. Now the delinquent taxes only are collected in that 
way. As it was not an office of record, a complete list is at 
* Appointed to fill vacancy caused by death of Enos Bond. 



MOW! ■ "I Nil: PARE \N" PRESENT 

present unattainable, although the following is nearly correct: 

« *es Robinson 1880t*> 

,< ran • win....... ::!":•: 

John Anderson '-'-'•• M»— -"i;-;'^"' ••■■ 1M,lt " ^ 

I rail V. G. Smal _ lg» 

. Forkner Foshim Holland ]MU to 1W2 

John Harris 

COl N i v SI i:\ BYOBS. 

This office ha- never Inch regarded as a "fat" one, and, 
so hi :i- heard from, noneofthe Incumbents have died wealthy. 
The probabilities are that the compensation growing directly 
out of the position has never in any one year exceeded $250. 
The following named persons have held the position, the first- 
named having it for twenty years : Thomas R. Stanford, Stephen 
M. ■ndrnhall, George Ballcngall, Isaac Kinley, Jolm P. Polk 
James M. Clements, Xoali Hays. 

COROXEK. 

The office of Coroner is a position of more dignity and 
Importance, and less pay, perhaps, than is generally known. 
The term of office is for two years, and the incumbent maybe 
called to till the Sheriff's office when that officer is invited to be 
party to a Buit. lie is also a peace officer, with the same powers 
as a Sheriff, and. in case of a vacancy or disqualification of the 
Sheriff, lie becomes the Sheriff de facto, and yet the pay of such 
a position in this county has generally been hut a few dollars, 
perhaps less than twenty-five, per annum. Only once or twice, 
we believe, has the Coroner been called on to act as Sheriff in 
the county. William McDowell, familiarly known as " Uncle 
Hilly Mack," has been Coroner so generally that he lias come to 
be looked upon as the Coroner. 

« BAILIFF. 

in addition to the above, ought by all means to be men- 
tioned the almost indispensable and inevitable Bailiff. This 
position has been tilled for thirty-nine years (up to 18G9) we be- 
licrc, by William McDowell, senior ; and notwithstanding the 
place may he a- acceptably tilled by the present Bailiff, Mr. John 
'Alexander, there would have been a fitness in retaining "Uncle 
Billy" tor at least a quarter of a century longer. 



STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL. 93 



STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL. 



The steady growth of our eounty in wealth, population, 
and educational facilities cannot perhaps he hetter presented 
than in the following brief tables, some of which are not com- 
plete, from the fact that the sources of information on which we 
relied are in themselves incomplete. It is to be regretted that 
not even a complete file of local papers back of 1S58 can now 
be found in the county, while tax duplicates of a date prior to 
1S42 were destroyed with the Court House in 1S64. 

The area of the county is about three hundred and ninety 
square miles, and, taking the record of the vote for Governor in 
1S25, (the first of which we have any account,) and allow- 
ing six inhabitants to each vote cast, we have 2,193, or a little 
little less than six to the square mile. Three years later it was 
about nine per square mile, and four years later the population 
had reached about sixteen per square mile, or one to each forty- 
acre lot; while to-day the population is nearly four times as 
great, and numbers about one to each ten-acre lot in the county. 

ASSESSIXG THE REVENUE. 

The cost of assessing the county for the first few years may 
also serve to throw some light on the past, and, compared with 
the same service to-day, must be admitted to demonstrate pro- 
gress at least. 

In 1823 John Dorrah was allowed four dollars for assessing 

Henry township, nearly one-third of the county, from which 

we estimate the cost of the whole county at $15. 

Assessing for 1888 $15 Assessing for 1821 $49 

Assessing for 18-24 IB Assessing for 1828 40 

Assessing- for 1825 lti Assessing for 1889 25 

Assessing for 1826 25; Assessing for 1S30 25 

This was all well enough — no needless expense about it at 
all, one would think ; and, at the same time, it is probable that 
the Assessors were as well paid as to-day, when the average 
cost is about $150 per township. In early times a man knew 
much more about the affairs of his neighbors than at present, 



M (IKSUV Miivn; PAW AM> PBBBEKT. 

and oould tell the number of horses, oxen, gold watches, ©r 
plflMUTC carriages, witliont going to sec him; so he would just 
lH down at home and make out a schedule for the township; 
and M late as 1*4<; tlie coat for the whole county was hut $2GC, 
little more than the cost for the largest township this year. The 
cost of assessing the revenue for 1S71 is $1,801. 

COUNTY RKVKXUES. 

No complete statements of the condition of Henry county 
finances, such as are set forth by the Auditor's and Treasurer's 
books of to-day, seems to have been kept prior to 1S42, and 
what there was of the earlier duplicates was probably destroyed 
in 1864. An occasional reference or paragraph, of from two or 
three to a dozen lines each, interspersed through the Commis- 
sioners' record*, furnished about all there is extant of the 
amount and kind of taxes levied, as well as the condition of the 
Treasury, for the first twenty years of our history. The total 
cash in the Treasury, from June 1, 1822, to| November 13 of the 
same year, was $74 60. This, we are left to suppose, flowed into 
the Treasury from some natural course, as no account of a tax 
levy prior to this has been preserved. 

The following entry, made at the November term, 1822, 
^jnaks for itself. Jesse H. Healey was Collector as well as 
Sheriff: 

Upon settlement entered into with the Sheriff, alter {riving him 
• redit for delinquency, and the balance being struck, he stands charged 
to the county of Henry, for taxes due. the sum of one hundred and fifty- 
three dollars, thirty-seven and one-half cents. 

Next follows a statement of the receipts and expenditures 
of the Treasurer, up to Xovcinber 13, in words and figures as 
follow- : 

< a-h to Hi.' ( omity Treasurer from the first day of June, 1822, up to 
the Mth day of Nov.. ls-2-J, the sum of $142 55, in orders against the county, 
which the Treasurer allowed, and. after allowing his per cent, for receiv- 
ing and paying, leaves a balance in flavor of the County Treasurer against 
the county of the sum of eighty-five dollars and eighty-seven cents. 

A farther settlement was had with the Treasurer on the 
11th of February, lsi';{, which seems to have been the end of the 
Bnt financial year. From this " balance sheet*' it appears that 
t line had been received into the county " strong box " the sum 
oi |153 ;i7'.,, and that he had paid out, since the November set- 



STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL. 95 

tlement $42 72.V, making a total of receipts, $153 37, l .<; expen- 
ditures, $184 27;g'. 

From this it will be seen that the county was in debt the 
considerable sum of $30 90, which the unsophisticated financiers 
of the time no doubt felt to be a burden, as the theory that the 
" public debt is a national blessing " was not invented at that 
early day. 

In 1823 the county was placed fairly on its feet, as there ap- 
pears to have been a balance left in the Treasury, after having 
paid the Treasurer and Sheriff $11 50 each for their laborious 
duties. The receipts and expenditures for the year ending Feb- 
rury 9, 1824, were: Receipts, $296 75; expenditures, $241 37; 
balance, $34 7G; delinquency, $11 55. 

It must not be supposed that this very satisfactory state of 
the public exchequer was brought about by our present ad 
valorem system of assessments. Far from it. The amount of 
the duplicate for 1824, for county purposes, was but $27 28 ; 
State purposes, $45 50 ; or a total of $72 78. 

EXCISE AND SUMPTUARY LAWS. 

To devise ways and means for meeting the wants of the 
county was an early concern of our county " administration,'" 
and to this end it enacted that the rates of tavern license for 
1822 shall be $4 ; and well knowing that the tavern-keeper must 
get this money of his customers, the Commissioners, on the 11th 
day of November, 1822, enacted that the following shall be the 

Rates of tavern-keepers for fliet, liquors, lodgings, horse feed, stab- 
!age, &c, : 

For breakfast, dinner, or supper 18% 

For lodging <i,V 

For whisky, per half pint <>>., 

For peach brandy, per half pint ^h 

Wine, French brandy, and rum, per half pint 25 

< ider, per quart 12>£ 

Beer or porter, per quart 12> 2 ' 

Horse per night, at hay 12>« 

< >ata, per gallon, or corn <i M 

In November, 1823, the following entry was made on the 
records : 

Ordered by the Board, That the former rates and prices of liquors, 
diet, lodging, stablage, and provender, for which the several tavern- 
keepers were allowed to sell, are continued the ensuing year. 

In 1824 the price of " diet " was advanced to 25 cents, and 
that of whisky was doubled, as was also a single feed for a 



1 1 K n I : i BOUNTY; PAST A.ND PRESENT. 

hone, or, "oats, per gallon, or corn," while other Items for the 
comfort ol man oi beast Beemed to have remained stationary. 
The following la the regular duplicate rates of taxation or- 
dered by tin' Hoard for 1824:— 

Tot Btatt inn poOM : 

Ob •'▼»•!•>• (tso worth of bank stock ? SB 

< »n Mob nale person, lane, and no! a pauper 50 

For ooituly purpose! : 

On rvery animal Of tin- horse, BS3, or mule kind, over 3 years old :.. . 

On •inch, three yean old and over I8jj 

Ob each gold watch 100 

< oi eaoh nro-wheoled pleasure carriage 1 50 

< »ti r.vii bran clock 1 oi 

On each silver or pinch-bock watch 2."> 

As it la probable that there was not a pleasure carriage, 

j^old watch, or brass clock in the county, it looks as if.the above 
schedule of prices was intended to be prohibitory. Take into 
consideration the scarcity and value of money at that early 
day, and a portion of these taxes must be considered onerou-, 
while the small nesa of the duplicate shows conclusively that 
very few of the tax-payers of Henry county sported such trin- 
kets as gold watches or brass clocks. In our day, when Uncle 
Sam put a tax of one dollar on a watch or carriage, men have 
been heard grumbling most unamiably about the burden. 

As previously mentioned, much exact information about 
the county in its infancy is not attainable, and we are forced to 
rely upon disjointed fragments, collected here and there, for 
many things. 

The taxable polls of the county in 1S25 numbered $405, 
and there was not a pauper in it. In the same year Wayne 
county had $2,291 taxable polls and sixteen paupers. Marion 
county had but $630 taxable puii.< and twenty-two paupers. 

Tin: ANNUAL EXHIBIT. 

The following Is an exhibit of the revenues of the county 

for the years named : 



\ ear. 


Receipts. 1 


Expenses. 1 


Del 


miueut. 


ls-i-i 




$74 60 
296 75 
688 '.'I 
IBS 22 
17 4 76 
ISO 01 
: 19 97 


$142 55 
230 n 
5-21 80 
■■K-2 51 

129 27 

849 ',-i 






IBM 




$11 60 

84 IX) 


i m 


■ 


25 00 


tan 


39 33 










1") 98 



STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL. 



97 



The receipts and expenditures for 1829 are not given. From 
the foregoing it will be seen that the total transactions at the 
l - treasury department " for seven years, are represented by the 
suna of $2,786 15 in receipts, and the expenditures were l*ss br 
$100 24, with which sum the county entered upon the fiscal 
year 1829. A very considerable portion of the receipts was from 
the sale of Xew Castle lots, some forty or fifty of which at least 
must have been disposed of up to this date, the agent having at 
one time presented his bill for making twenty deeds. 

In 1833 the receipts had been swelled to $1,593 09, and the 
expenditures to $1,520 39. 

Still greater expansion of the county revenues and expendi- 
tures is shown in 1840. They foot up as follows : Receipts, . 
$4,522; expenditures, $3,085. 

The following table, taken from the duplicate, is interesting 
as an exhibit of the condition of our finances each fifth year, 
be<rinnin<r with 1S41 : 



Year. 


No. of 1 Total 
Polls. Taxables 


State 
Tax. | 


L'ountv 
Tax. 


School 
Tax. 


Total | Amount 
Taxes. iDelinq't. 


1841. . . . 


2,089' $2.376,350J $11,072! 

2.444 2.722,236 9,553; 
2,633 4,341,149! 14,563 
2.996 5,949,540 13.395 
3,339 3,342,950] 14.186, 
8,281 9,562.190: 2(1,410! 

3.445 11.041,5201 18,6581 


83.420 
4.664 
9,345 

9,673 
12.&53 
98,936 

12,788 


fi.83i; 

7,449 
9,995 

16,910 


$14,5751 


1846 


15,802 $739 


1851 

1856 

lSiil 


29,148 297 
52.971 , 749 
54,860) 1,727 


1866 


189.1S8 3,717 


:-■ 


19,413 


98.029! 3,454 



WEALTH AND TAX PER CAPITA. 

The following estimate gives a very nearly correct state- 
ment of the jamount of property for each man, woman, and 
child in the county, for the periods named : 

Taxables per Tax per 
capita. capita. 

1840 $146 60 $0 93 

1S50 170 60 1 27 

1860 405 29 2 46 

1870 477 42 4 24 

PER CEXT. OF TAXES. 

The following has been the rate of taxation on each $100 
valuation, for the years named, omitting the fractions : 

1841 $0 51H861 $0 65 

5811865 2 15 

6811866 197 

S81S70 6-S 



1846 
1851 
1S56. 



in sky COUHTY; PAW ani> PRESENT. 

TIk above per cent, ii on the entire levy for State, county. 
school, road, township sinking fund, and every other tax placed 
pan the duplicate, that for county purposes being often an 
• onsiderablc part of the whole. 

Prom 1840 t<> 1880 the amount of taxes levied increased 
I retty regularly, but little more than keeping pace with the 
growth of the county in wealth. About the latter period tke 
plan of supporting the common schools by taxation was adopt- 
ed, which, with the additional expenses for better roads, and 
the increased interest on the State debt, etc., etc., conspired to 
increase the rate until, in 1855, it had reached a trifle over eighty- 
nine cents on the hundred dollars valuation. The rapid in- 
creaM of wealth, however, by 1861, had caused the rate to fall 
off again tosixty-flve cents on the hundred dollars. From 18G1 
to 18G5 the increased State tax, the care of soldiers' families, 
ami bounties to volunteers, together with the tax for the erec- 
tion of county buildings, increased the rate of taxation be- 
yond all precedent. In 1805 a tax of $212,203, or a trifle Oyer 
two dollars and fifteen cents on the hundred dollars, was 
placed on the duplicate. In 1864 the tax for county purposes 
alone was $42,969; in 1865, $101,45S; in 1866, $98,936; in 1867, 
$100,822; in 1868, $75,285; in 1869, $51,495; and in 1870 but 
$12,788. This latter sum, with the accumulated surplus, it was 
supposed, would be sufficient for the ordinary wants of the 
county, besides meeting some expenses in completing the Court 
House grounds, finishing the Jail, and re-roofing the County 
Asylum, etc. 

KXTKAOKDINAKY EXPENDITURES. 

The following are the principal items and amounts of "ex- 
traordinary " expenditures since 1861 : 

Belief to soldiers' families $21,099 in Bounty bonds ami int $115,193 r>o 

Expense <>t" military 5'2,'MO r>l Court House, Jail, etc . . 179,148 t;.; 

Waking a total of 308.&U 05 

l'li.' largo amount Of unusual expenditures, together with 
the war prices paid for nearly all the objects of ordinary ex- 
pense, -welled the amount to a sum that, to a Henry county 
citizen, seemed enormous, dust how promptly and cheerfully 



STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL. 99" 

these burdens were paid may be inferred from the fact that the 
total delinquency on a duplicate amounting to $218,775, was but 
$4,276, or a trifle less than two per cent, of the whole, and more 
than two-thirds of this was afterwards collected. 

It is also worthy of remark that the amount of taxes car- 
ried over from year to year has rarely exceeded one or two per 
cent, of the duplicate, and to-day is only about three and one- 
half per cent, of the wh«le, a sum not much larger than the 
poll-tax on transient citizens, of which every community has 
its share. 

OTHER ITEMS. 

*The expense of Poor for the ten years ending the 

first day of June, 1870, has been qwu! q*> 

An average per year of ;•;••• A^,t at 

Expenses of county officers for the same period. . . 42,o48 85 

An average per year of ■ • ■ • ■ • • 4 ' io4 bo> 

Expense of assessing revenue for ten years, lnclud- 

ing assessing real estate i 0-7 nr- 

An annual average of 1 ' Jo7 Ub 

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS. 

The Congressional Districts in which Henry county has 
been associated have fluctuated strangely, partly owing, no 
doubt, to the different ratios «f representation ; and, of course, 
to some extent, in consequence of the shifting tide of emigra- 
tion ; but infinitely more because of the struggle for ascendency 
between political parties, skill in manipulating the material m 
hand, so as to perpetuate the reign of the party in power, being 
regarded as the very acme of statesmanship. 

° When Elbridge Gerry, a noted Eastern politician, the 
patron saint of this prominent branch of politics, once manip- 
ulated the districts of his State so that an adept in geography 
would be puzzled to fix the boundaries, someone described them 
as "meandering," to which another remarked, " Yes, they look 
like they had been Gerrymandered ;" and from that dar to this- 
"Gerrymandered" and "Gerrymandering" have been recog- 
nized in current literature as synonyms for political tr ickery. 

*The expense of Poor includes part payment on an addition to the 
I Poor Farm, while the expense of county officers refers only to pay drawn 
I direct from the Treasury, and, of course, does not include fees. 



100 HKNRY COUNTY; PAST AXD PRESENT. 

A peep at the Indiana Congressional Districts must convhu 
anyone that (Jerry has had plenty of imitators in the HoosU 

State. 

Our districts, since ls;{2 have been the Gth, 5th, 4th and 9fcJ 
and have been made up as follows : 

Six tli District, 1832 to 1S3G— Allen, Randolph, Delaware 
Henry, Wayne, Union, Fayette, Bush, Elkhart, and Lagrangt 

Fifth District, 1836 to 1840— Adam*, Allen, Lagrange, Xo 
)>le, Fulton, Wabash, Huntington, Jay, Randolph, Grant, Dela 
ware, Henry, Wayne, Fayette, and Union. 

Fifth District, 1840 to 1844— The same as above, with th< 
addition of Steuben, Whitely, De Kalb, Blackford and Wells. 

Fourth District, 1S44 to 1852— Henry, Wayne, Fayette, anc 
Union. 

Fifth District, 1S52 to 1868— Delaware, Henry, Randolph 
Wayne, Fayette, and Union. 

Ninth District, 186S— Allen, Adams, Wells, Jay, Blackford 
Delaware, Randolph, and Henry. 

It will be seen that from 1832 to 1S40 the district was, in th 
Widest place, nearly seventy miles, by one hundred and fifty in 
length, and comprised nearly 7,000 square miles. In 1840 this 
was suddenly reduced to about thirty-six miles in width, from 
north to south, by forty-two from east and west, and only com- 
prised 1,100 square miles and four of the twenty counties. In 
1868 another change came upon us, and Henry and seven other 
counties compose the district, which is now about forty-two 
miles from east to west, and one hundred and twenty from 
north to south, and containing about 3,800 square miles. 

VOTE OF HENRY COUNTY FOR GOVERNOR. 

1886— Bay 30 3 

1828— Bay 47<i 

Conly gg 

i«un ?/° 01 ' t ' 37 5&1 

lsyj— Bigger uyjg 

,„,., ""ward i 846 2425 

W niti'oinb H03 

l>erin. im «mmi 

IMS-Xarshal] :. im 



, S?i*!? omb .' 814 1994 
IMS— Matson. 1 437 



1849— Wright 1287 

Cravens us 2839 

1852-Wright mo *"" 

McCarty 1507 

Robinson 451 3057 

1856 — Morton. 24S6 

io™ Willard .'.' 1188 3674 

IHA) — Lane 2797 

1 « . Hendricks ..... 1388 4125 

1864— Morton 30O8 

McDonald 1123 4131 

1868-Baker .' 2373 

Hendricks 1416 3789 



STATISTIC AX AM> FI»AK< ivi . 



101 



The population In 1830 was 8<«8; In 1840, 1.V128; in 1S50, 
r,C07; in 1S«0, 20,111); in 1870, 23,137. 

OP I1KNKV tol'STV FOB KKI'KKSKM'ATIVKS IN CONGRESS. 



OTK 



tei Raridan ... 10S4 



I8B8— B. •)• Hubbard .... JgJ 



Jonathan Mc< artj 
James Raridan 
Jonathan McCarty 
Wilson Thompson 

fc_ Andrew > anaday. 
( . B. 8mitb 
Jonathan Mc< artj 

. [5. Smith 
( harles n. i. st 

pj£— 4 . B. Smith 
Finley. 



|fl_< . B. Smith . I2J8 



1191 1854— D. P. Holloway 

Joseph S. Buckles 
David Kilgour 
Edmund Johnson 
David Kilgour 
Laft Develln 

I860— George W. Julian 
w . \. Bickle 

186%— George W. Julian 
Edmund Johnson. 

1864— George W. Julian 
James Broken 

1866— George W. Julian. 
M. i.. Bundy 
i, 1868— John P. C Shanks 
,,:;., Robert Lowry. 

1870— John P. C. Shanks 



671 

'.114 



96 

mi 



1966 
9174 

•2064 



20:17 
847 
2448 

ll(K) 

1966 
919 
9686 
10-23 
1161 
1449 
2697 
1027 
9064 
1261 
3377 
1510 
2863 



2985 
2SS4 
363S 
2S6> 
3700 
3-203 
37-24 
4215 
4867 



John Colerick 1315 417S 



( harles ll. Test 
M9—>. W. Parker 

. , w. Julian 
- \v. Parker 

,rge W. Julian 
-8. w . Parker 
William Grose . 

Below we give the vote for President, so far as it has been 
legible to obtain it :— 

fcxE OF HKNKY COUNTY FOB l-UKSIDKNT, FKOM 1832 TO 1S68- 



,- 1;lv 7»17 1852 

Jackson .5591. 



Pierce 1 '^ 

Hule ™> 

2741 



Van Buren *» ISmSre 49 

10-Harrison ^L^J^^/' V 2726 



v a n Riiren 839 1S60— Lincoln 

Douglass 



f-54-nay J4M 

Polk 100 ^ 

Birney ,» 

|$8— Taylor 



1115 



i as 



1005 



1296 

Breckenridge 90 

Bell 

1864— Lincoln ■ 

M.-i lellan 

1808— Grant 

Seymour 



16 

3027 
1057 
3432 

1412 



\ an Buren ,-*•» 

153— Scott. looJ 

PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

Of our beneficent Bysfrm of common or free schools it is 
3t within the limits or scope of this work to treat at length. 
Of the matter as it concerns the county in particular a few facts 
are appropriate. 

The broad assertion that knowledge and learning generally 
Iffused throughout a community is essential to the preservation 
of a free government (see section 1, article 2, State Constitu- 
tion) meets with as general acceptance in Henry county, per- 
haps, as in any county in the State. There is certainly no part 
of the public burdens more cheerfully borne than the very con- 



UMB1 UOUMTY; PAST AM> pkksknt- 

dderable tax Imposed, and it La many years since we have heard 
-.1 much aa one Individual object t" this tax, which at one time 
wa- believed by many well-meaning cltizdns of ours as well aa 
other communities to be wrong, In principle at least. At first 
large numbers in every community argued that it was wrong 
to tax 1 1 1 « - wealthy to educate the poor, or the man without 
■hildrcn R»r the benefit of those blessed with a dozen. When 
the question of free sehools or no free schools was submitted to 
our people, in lsr.i. In the shape of continuing a tax levied by 
i former legislature, the vote was close indeed, standing: For 
- continuance, 1,411 ; against Its continuance, 1,382 — a bare ma- 
jority of 28. 

Our people are so well satisfied that the diffusion of know- 
ledge renders them safer in person and property, and that it is 
cheaper to educate thon to take care of criminals and paupers, 
that it La safe to predict that free schools would be sustained to- 
day by a vote often to one. The principle lying at the founda- 
tion of our common school law is gratuitous instruction to every 
pupil, rich and poor alike; and while the means provided are 
far too limited to meet all the wants of the community, they 
•any inestimable blessings with them, so far as they go. 

In 1852 the Superintendent of Public Instruction, who 
seemed enthusiastic in the work, looked fondly forward to the 
day when the people of the State would raise, by the various 
methods provided by law, two dollars per child, in order that 
schools might be sustained all the year round. At that time 
the revenue from the various funds only amounted 35 cents per 
child. By the last report of the Superintendent it will be seen 
that the total amount of common school funds held in trust in 
this county La $45,488 G2, at 7 per cent., on which the interest, 
or [$3,187 85, is available as a tuition fund. To this is to be 
added the school tax of $19,413 56, which, making allowance fcr 
probable delinquency, gives an available tuition fund of over 
$20,000 for the county, or about three dollars to each child of a 
suitable age to go to school. 

SCHOOL STATISTICS. 

The following statement of various items connected with 



STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL. 



103 



1853 


1S50 


1860 


1870 


7,410 


7,054 


7,622 


7,04i 1 


J, 240 


4,070 


5,30s 


5,751 


51 


98 


106 


10S 




96 


91 


98 




o 


22 


42 


2 50 


$29 53 


$27 00 


$55 40 


2 50 


$20 83 


$21 20 


$38 60 




52 


50 


75 


5,933 


$6,573 


$5,954 


$15,454 
$96,295 




$13,074 


$9,742 





the common school interests of the county will serve to illus- 
trate the growth of the system within twenty years : 

•Number of children 

Number attending school . 
Number of school houses . 
Number of male teachers . . 
Number of female teachers. 

Average pay of males $22 50 

Average pay of females. . . . $1: 
Length of school, in days 
School fund distributed . . . 
Value of school property . 
Tax for building purposes. 

The following named gentlemen, and perhaps one or two 
others, have served the county as School or County Exam- 
iners : 

J. S. Ferris, T. B. Redding, W. M. Watkins. 

B. T. Powell, Isaac Kinlev, H. H. Shocklev. 

R. B. Abbott, Thomas Rogers, D. Newby. 

CHURCHES IX THE COUNTY. 

The following statistics are taken in part from the census 
report. The social statistics of the county taken by the United 
States Marshal for 1870 not having yet been made public, and a 
number of persons on whom we have called for information 
having failed to respond, the statistics for 1870 are only esti- 
mated : 



DENOMINATIONS. 


Number. 


Accommodation. 


Value of 


Property. 


1860 


1S70 


I860 


1870 


1860 


1870 


Baptist 

Christian 

Lutheran 

Methodists 


2 
4 
9 
3 
19 
4 
1 


3 

11 

11 

1 

24 

i 

a 

57 


1.100 
1,400 
0.9.511 

800 
7,070 
1,200 

500 


1,500 
4,000 
5,000 
400 
8,500 
1,500 

1,000 


$2,300 
2,400 
S,500 
2,500 

18,800 

2,700 

400 


*4,000 
25,000 
15,000 
4,000 
35,000 


Presbyterians 

Uhiversalits 

New Light 


17,500 
1,200 




42 


16.020 


21.900 


37,600 


101.700 



The estimated value of the property lor both dates is prob- 
ably too low. The other figures are believed to be nearly cor- 

* All children between five and twenty-one years were enumerated 
until I860, after which only those between 6 and 21 were enumerated. 



104 



HKXRT COUNTY; PAST A\r> PBESEHT. 



i.rt. The church accommodation of the county, It will be >«■< q, 
nearly equals the entire population. Inadditiod to those named 
above, we believe the "Tunkcrs," or German Baptists, have one 
or more congregations In the county; So with the Wesleyans, 
while the Spiritualists have two good halls and quite a number 
of adherents. 

STOCK AND GRAIN. 

The following table gives, by townships, a few of the lead- 
ing agricultural products of the county, as reported to the cen- 
sus marshal 8 In June last. The Indian corn and •wheat was of 
course the crop of 18G9, neither of which was a fair average for 
the ten years past. Most of the items were taken from the 
manuscript on file in the Clerk's office, and some mistakes of a 
trivial character may have occurred, as there was no oppor- 
i unity for verifying the result — a re-count. 



TOWNSHIPS. 



Wayne 

Kpiceland . . . 
Franklin . . 

Dudley 

Liberty 

I lonry 

< ireensboio . 
Harrison ... 

I :ili (reek .. 

Jefferson . . . 

Prairie 

Stony Creek. 
Bine River. . 



Horses 








ami 


Milch 


Other 


Sheep. 


mules. 


Cows. 


Cattle. 




688 


437 


1,170 


986 


533 


861 


780 


1,640 


62 i 


385 


754 


1,844 


O.V.I 


■111 


1,023 


878 


686 


646 


740 


918 


661 


375 


(Hi; 


l,42fi 


888 


aro 


660 


1,0(14 


4!>4 


468 


5! 17 


1,470 


502 


806 


629 


1,672 


488 


886 


425 


1,0(15 


TSS 


498 


'.120 


1.876 


413 


867 


553 


1,050 


432 


2!»7 


41 3| 


1,061 



Swine. 



Wheat 



8,096 
2,624 
2,068 
3,268 

8,798 
2,278 
8,608 
2,642 

2,210 
1,968 
3.437 
1.337 
1,663 



62,494 
40,971 
48,108 
41,649 
65,988 
35,901 
80,678 
53,494 
51,688 
87,289 
68,600 
31,787 
38,681 



Corn. 



93,880 

96,540 

90,765 

108,668 

88,935 

75,680 
111,010 
96,883 
62,826 
111,868 
41,860 
74.567 



1840 AND 1S70 — THE CONTRAST. 
. 1840. 

Population 15,128 

Farms 

l dwellings 

Manufacturing Establishments 31 

Hand- employed 57 

< fepital Invested $G2,000 

Products of Factories $36,300 

Bushels ol Wheat 78,234 

Bushels of Indian Corn 024,543 

Horses and Mules 4,302 

Cattle 10,340 

Milch Cows 

other Cattle 



1870. 

I':;. 127 

2,211 

1,521 

19G 

472 

$400,170 

$774,370 

5! 12,01 7 

1,131,083 

7,071 

14,183 

:.,017 

0,1 CG 



TURNPIKES. 105 

Sheep 9,674 16,400 

Swine 29,497 31,467 

Grist Mills 9 22 

Saw Mills 14 25 

Dry Goods and Grocery Stores 17 85 

Capital invested $30,250 Est'd $300,000 



TURNPIKES 



Prior to the year 1850 no great advancement had been made 
throughout the county in the way of internal improvements. 
The National or Henry County Turnpike was in process of 
construction, and the necessity for better roads was greatly felt 
by the people of the county. 

In 1852 the General Assembly passed an act authorizing 
the construction of plank, MeAdamized, and gravel roads. 
By this law extensive powers were conferred on companies 
complying with its provisions, and under it, with certain 
amendments made, a number of good pikes were constructed, 
ramifying in all directions, and connecting the remotest parts 
of the county with the seat of justice. 

. In 1865 the General Assembly passed an act to enable 
County Commissioners to organize turnpike companies, when 
persons representing three-fifths of the real estate within cer- 
tain prescribed limits petition for the same, and to levy a tax 
for constructing a road, and to provide for the same to be free. 
By this law only the land within three-fourths of a mile of the 
proposed route was affected, and upon the report of a commis- 
sion to survey and estimate the cost of construction, the Auditor 
was required to enter a tax upon said lands according to its 
value, as shown by the books in his office, and without any refer- 
ence to the benefits to be derived from the same, one-third to be 
collected annually, and in the same manner as other taxes, and 
it might happen that lands the most remote would be most 
heavily taxed. This law, however, was but an experiment, and 
but little attempt was made to work under it. 

11 






IIKMIY I 01 N IV: P \-r IXD PRASES P. 



Thejfollowing '» effected an organization, 

Y]/: | itsville and Circleville, Blountsville and Morris- 

tow 11. Flatrock and Bentonville, Pairview and Lewisville. The 
first-named was Boon abandoned by the general consent of the 
Interested parties. Further particulars will be found in ;i tabu- 
jtatemenl near the end of this chapter. But one of the roads 
begun under the law of 1865, we believe, "was completed under 
that law . 

'I'll.' law of I860 was objectionable in many of i:< features 
and impracticable in its operations, but appears to have prepared 
the way lor the law of 1867. This authorized the assessment of 
all lands within one and a half miles on either Bide, am! within 
the same distance <>i the terminus, when the subscription to 
Buch route amounts to uol less than $800 per mile, and is not 
sufficient for tin- completion of tin- -am". These a- — mente 
were required t" be made by three disinterested free-holders, 
who were required to estimate the benefits likely to accrue to 
*\i.h particular tract of land. Underthis law a number of roads 

■ organized, and the tax placed upon the duplicate 01' 1867 
with the Stat" and county tax. 

On one or two pikes however, parties felt aggrieved, and 

-• case was mad-' before Judge Buckles, of the Circuit Court, 
who decided that the assessments had not been legally made. 
for several reasons, among which were, that they had tailed to. 
view the lands as required, and that nil the lands within- the 
iimit< prescribed had not been listed. 

In view of this decision the assessments on other roads were 
sonsidered illegal, and no great effort was made by the compa- 
nies to have the tax collected ; but the Commissioners were pe- 
titioned to have the Assessors brought back and make their 
assessments Id conformity with the law. 

The I'.lue River Turnpike, of Prairie township, was an ex- 
ception. The first installment of about $3,000, being mostly 
paid in, was deemed sufficient, and the second and third Install- 
ments wen- never placed on the duplicate. 

The amount of turnpike tax collected for 1867 on assess- 
ments declared Illegal was $16,074 04, out of a total of $27,221 93 
* 1. the duplicate. 

Darin,' the year 1867, while Major Grubbs was Treasurer, 



TURNPIKES 



107 



no part of the gravel road tax collected was paid over to the 
officers of the several companies, but remained a part of the 
balance in the Treasury, June 1, 1868. 

All the roads of lsr,7, except the one mentioned above, were- 
re-assessed in 1868, and the tax again placed on the duplicate. 
At first the assessment were placed on the same duplicate with 
other taxes; but in 1868, by order of the Auditor of State, they 
werc placed on a separate duplicate. Below will be found an 
interesting- tabular statement : 

UNDER the law <>]•' 1865. 

Miles Taxlevied 

Blonntsvule and Morristown 2^ I $4,685 27 

jTlatrock and Bentonville 5 11,478 91 

Faii-view and Lewisville 1 c, | ^/,:nj 33 



UNDER THE LAW OE 1867. 



Beech Grove Uh inn % 

Duck ( reek and Southern -2 

Flat Rook Valley '..'.'...'.'.'. 3 

Greensboro and New.Castle Junction a 

Ft inkiiu Junction 4 

Flatr.ock and Symon's Creek 5 1 .; 

S01 Inei n Jim-: tion 71', 

Hillsboro and Franklin 7 

northwestern 6 

HfcV '. 1 itl£ ;nd I latrc. k :") 

Kew Castle and Muncie 41' 

IJE-icn and 1 lue Rivei 9. 

Southern 6 

Hug 41 Ci ctk 2 

Sulphur Springs and Cadiz 5V 

Sulphur Springs and Western p' 

Knightstown and Middletown 10 

Kcithwestern Fstensiaa gi 

Meidietow n and Dale's llle 1 

PUT ON DUPLICATE IX 1SG9 UNDER THE LAW OF I860. 



Miles Taxlevied 



$4,313 99 
2,622 12 
8,172 13 
4,228 37 
5,046 54 
9,417 38 

13,332 57 
8,317 0! 

1 1,324 05' 

1 K723 6" 
5,397 86 
2,243 61 
8, 153 88 
723 12 
8,215 38 
7,197 43 

Hi, 100 04 
6.458 46 
1,277 67 



Miles Taxleived 



$635 43 
3,153 68 
1.052 00 
6,075 50 
1,507 00 
11,574 00 
9,072 On 
0,629 : 



Punreith gravel road 1 

Middletown and Range Line .... . 2v 

Blotintsville and Smithfleld 1 

Blountsville 4s/ 

Bloimtsville and Windsor l'l* 

Ft 111 u . G I;., and Fi ■•inklni gal 

Blotintsville and Millville Extension . . .■ 6k 

Blotintsville Extension 41 - 

DUPLICATE OF 1870, LAW OF 1869. 

d i t tt /■ . ^ , Miles Tax le\i(d 

Rush and Henrv I ountv Road 3 5 %5 68 

Old State Road .' '.'.'.'.'.'.. 4) 2 \ 5^354 0j 

OTHER TURNPIKES. 

The above table only refers to such turnpikes as here built 
under what is denominated the Gravel Road Laws. The fol- 



108 iikm;v COUMTTj PAST AND PKKSKXT' 

lowing La nearly a complete list with the length of the other 
gravel roada of the county or part* of roads in the county : 

MILES 

Henrv County Turnpike National Road) ~H) 

Knightstown ft Warrington 7 

Knigbtstown ft Greensboro 7 

Ogden ft Rushville 1 

Independent Turnpike 2>-£ 

Sew< astleft Spiceland 10 

Union Turnpike 4 

Lewisville ft Platrock 3 

Hopewell ft Platrock. 6 

astle ft Dublin 12 

Northern .v Branches 14 

Sew Castle ft Cadiz 7 

Cadiz ft Western 3 

Greensboro ft Cadiz 5 

Spiceland .* Blueriver I 

Spiceland «v Greensboro. 3y£ 

Xlechanicsburg ft Middleton 4>£ 

>v Uechanicsburg 5 

Sulphur Spring ft Bluncie 2>£ 

Sulphur Spring >v summit 2>£ 

Greensboro ft western 4 

Dsboro .^ Grant < ity 3 

It i- proper to K tate that in a few instances we are not quite 
sure of having given the exact name of the road, but may have 
given, instead] that of the points connected, and it is also proba- 
ble that all the pikes have not been named at all, since branches 
and junctions or connecting links are being constructed so 
rapidly as to render it next to impossible to keep pace with 
iliein. In some road districts the plan of grading and graveling 
i small portion of the common roads each year is being adopted 
insomuch that in a few years free, well constructed pikes 
will form quite an important feature of our road system. 
H< nry county may well boast of her net work of turnpikes 
ramifj Ing every part of the county, unsurpassed as they are in 
extent or excellence by any county in the State. 



THE LITERATURE OF THE COUNTY 



That Henry county has little to boast of in the way of lit— 

excell< ace 'smost true. Ber honor lies more in the aver- 

ntelligence of her citizens than in any cases of exceptional 



THE LITERATURE OF THE COUNTY. 109 

merit. But it must not be inferred from this that we are desti- 
tute of men and women of refined taste and good literary capa- 
bilities. Such is not the fact. The great success of local liter- 
ary societies, especially before the Avar, and the aridity with 
which the people in many localities seek after the hest publica- 
tions that flow from the press, and their eagerness to hear the 
best lecturers and speakers, prove them to be appreciative and 
cultivated in a high degree. 

It is not to be presumed, either, that so old a county as this 
has not produced its literary aspirants and amateurs, and, like 
almost every other community in the United States, the efforts 
of our orators, essayists, and bardlings began with the first 
newspaper, and have never ceased, except when the county 
would be left for a short time * ithout one of these literary ex- 
ponents. 

The names of those who have conducted the various county 
newspapers appear in another place, so that it is not necessary 
to catalogue them here. Of these, Alfred J. Cotton, for a brief 
time connected with the New Castle Banner in 183G, made some 
pretense to literature in other fields, and but a few years since 
he published in the Courier, and almost every other local paper 
in the State, a poem of considerable length, addressed "To a 
Snow Bird." The rhyme had little merit aside from showing 
the genial poetic spirit and warm-heartedness of the old man. 
His autobiography, published in 1S5S, contains most of his 
poetic effusions, but will be remembered by our citizens, a num- 
ber of whom have copies, more for the most refreshing egotism 
peeping out from every page than for any other merit. The 
author introduces the work with a likeness of himself and lady. 
and charmingly discourses about the intellectuality of his own 
physiognomy and the grace and charms of his lady. He appears 
to have had a horror of being forgotten, and would not be 
surprised if rising generations should yet be taught that the 
" Man in the moon " was Judge Cotton. He signed himself The 
Rev. Judge Alfred Johnson Cotton. 

Walter Edgertox, of Spiceland, in his earlier days and 
the early days of the anti-slavery movement, wrote articles of 
great force for the anti-slavery papers, and some for papers that 
were not anti-slavery. These latter were often of so much 



110 iiim.'I COUNTY; PAST AND PRESENT. 

force as to be denied publication. He has also, from time to 
time, contributed many articles of note on doctrinal and scien- 
tific topics to tin- religious and other papers pf the day, and is 
the author of a work of several hundred pages, giving a " His- 
tory of the Separation" in the Society of Friends on account 
of the anti-slavery movement. He also edited, we believe, 
•'The Journal of Charles Oaborn," a distinguished minister of 
the Society. 

.John YV. Grubbs, now of Richmond, for a dozen years 
connected with the press of this county, commenced his 
career when very young, i»ut. from lonjr continuance and perse- 
verance, gained a reputation as one of the most skill till and 
caustic political editors of the State. We presume that Ids 
"situation" in the wholesale house of Howard & Grubbs is 
more lucrative, if not more congenial. 

Isaac Parker, a man a tew years Mr. Grubbs 1 senior, some 
times contributed to the Indiana San, and wrote political letters 
of a local character for the Indianapolis Journal, which attracted 
much ( qmment. A poem of his, written for the Sun in 1840, is 
distinctly remembered. It was entitled "Johnson's Sukey," 
ami was intended as a burlesque on Colonel Richard M. John- 
son, tor having (as the Whigs asserted) a black wife, Johnson 
teing then the Democratic candidate for Vice President. A 
handsome reward would be paid for a copy of that old rhyme. 

If. I.. IitxDV, of New Castle, has, for more than twenty 
year-, been what might be termed a literary amateur, writing 
letters for the press and articles on numerous topics of interest 
with more than ordinary ease and grace. Though he might 
have won greater distinction had he labored more with his pen, 
it is doubtful whether it would have yielded him such returns 
of golden gains as he has received from other pursuits. 

l>'i BSi ii, B. Abbott, at one time Principal of the New 
< lastle Academy, i- a man of line culture, who has written much 
excellent prose, some Of which deserves to live alter its author 
-hall have mouldered into dn-t. 

Hi 1 1. ah Wickkrsham, a daughter of the old anti-slavery 

.••-Tan, Caleb Wlckersham, wrote many ai.le articles on the 
topics Of the day. especially in behalf of freedom for the slave. 
She at one time conducted a correspondence with the noted 



THE LITERATURE OF THE COUNTY. Ill 

Elizabeth Pease that awakened much interest among her anti- 
slavery associates. She died many years since, in the vigor of 
early youth, while that which she had accomplished was but 
the promise of what might have been in the future. 

William Edcektox has long been widely known to a cer- 
tain class of readers as an aide essayist and original thinker, 
especially on controversial and theological subjects. His style is 
characterized by logical force, depth, and earnestness, rather 
than by ornament ; and his essays must always command the 
serious attention of thoughtful people. His popularity would 
have been greater, though his usefulness might have been less, 
had he not taken upon Himself the thankless job of stirring up 
certain theological dry bones. 

Sarah Edcertox, sister of Win. Edgerton, has also pro- 
dnced many articles of decided merit. 

Xaxcy Kinley, the first wife of Major Kinley, wrote verses 
full of the inspiration born of a loving heart and generous dis- 
position. An early grave closed the music of a harp that might 
have been attuned to higher song. 

Isaac Kixley, who won the rank of Major in the late war, 
has perhaps performed more thorough and masterly literary 
labor than any other man claimed as a citizen of the county. 
Some of our readers will recollect a lecture he once delivered on 
the force of the English language, in which, when he came to 
treat of the strong points in Shakespeare, Scott, and Byron, the 
hearer was carried along as by a master-hand. Of course all 
his auditors did not thus enter into the spirit of the composition, 
which was without any effort after elocutionary effect. He has 
written a few fine poems and many essays and short articles of 
rare merit. Among his poems, "Astrea " and "I forgive" are 
still deservedly popular. In the summer and autumn of 1869 
he, in company with his wife, visited Europe and reported the 
results of their tour in a series of most enjoyable letters to 
Julian's Radical. -'The Beech Tree,*' the only Henry county 
magazine, although it died on Mr. Kinley 's hands several years 
ago, has left a host of pleasant memories, and doubtless, if again 
revived, would be much better sustained. It is to be hoped Mr. 
Kinley will see fit to embrace the best of his poems, sketches, and 
memories in book form for the "ratification of his numerous 



112 HENRY COUNTY; PAST AND PRESENT 

friends. In Mr. Kinley's capacity as legislator and one of our 
early anti-slavery politicians, he baa made speeches worthy of 
preservation, but want of space forbids further notice. 

Jeht T. Elliott, whose long and successful career at the 
bar and on the bench has proven him one of our most vig- 
orous thinkers, and although writing but little outside of a few 
political articles, he deserves mention as a man of generous 
self-culture. 

Miss .Tosik V. Hickman has for some years past been 
a frequent contributor to some of the newspapers and maga- 
zines of the country. She writes essays, stories, and poems with 
equal facility, and lias been connected with Mrs. Bland in con- 
ng the Ladies' Own Magazine, at Indianapolis, for some 
time past. This magazine announced, nearly a year ago, that 
Miss Hickman had a volume of poems in course of preparation. 

Clalkson Davis, for several years Principal of Spiceland 
High School, is one of the best essayists and lecturers in the 
State. There is a charm about his writings that renders them 
exceedingly popular. Like Major Kinley, a tour through some 
of the European States has furnished the theme for inany pleas- 
ant lectures. Our people may well hope to see and hear more 
from his pen. 

Thomas R. Stanford is one of those men whom it is not 
\\ i I to forget, in going back to the past. He served our people 
faithfully for many years, though we do not now remember but 
a single literary effort from his pen— a farewell to his constit- 
uents, written at the close of a long and useful career. 

Mbs. Lki.l Stanford used to contribute verses to the 
Courii that betrayed a kind heart and considerable taste. 

C. 1). Morgan, Esq., in addition to his reputation as tem- 
perance lecturer, lawyer, and banker, has produced a few good 
addresses on literary and historical subjects. Mrs. C. D. Mor- 
gan is also, we believe, the author of a capital burlesque on the 
Love-sick stories that craze the brains of many modern misses. 
E. E. Parker, once of the county, has published, in 
Arthur's Home Magazine and other papers and periodicals, a 
number oJ po< ms exhibiting a high order of poetic talent. 

Joshwa 11. v )d James Brown, though making 

little pretensions to literature, have each won a lucrative prac- 



THE LITERATURE OF THE COUNTY. 113 

tice at the bar, and several of our younger practitioner.'? are 
following in their wake. Without a good degree of literary 
ability of a certain kind, success in this field is scarcely attain- 
able. 

Of Mr. B. S. Parker, whose many essays, sketches, and 
poems, published, as they have been, from East to AVest, we 
shall not speak at length. He is still amongst us and still writ- 
ing as opportunity offers, and undoubtedly wields the readiest 
pen of any writer in the county. The close friendship known 
te have existed between him and the writer of this book for 
years renders it difficult to speak of his varied and extensive 
labors in such terms as their merits deserve without, perhaps 
having somewhat set down to the score of friendship and par- 
tiality, but the writer of the following needs no encomiums 
from us: 

"So upward through darkness ami 9orrow, 
Through pleasing that halo the night. 
We grow, till we reach the to-morrow: 
Expand, till we enter the light." 

Albert Hodson, the young and enthusiastic tourist whose 
letters from the high-ways and by-ways of Europe to The 
Republican, during the past and present years, are attract- 
ing much attention, is a writer of much promise. He has the 
elements of a most successful tourist, and the rare faculty of not 
only seeing all that he passes, but of giving most apt and vivid 
pen-pictures of what he does see. 

L. R. "Woods, for some time a Henry county boy, is prov- 
ing himself a first-class correspondent, as his frequent letters to 
the county papers attest. 

Nathan Newby, one of the faculty of the State Normal 
School, born and reared in the county, is the author of many 
creditable articles, that have appeared in print from time to 
time, on scientific and familiar topics. 

Benjamin Eranklin, a noted minister of the "Christian" 
denomination, was bred, if not born, in the county, and has, for 
a number of years, been largely engaged in literary labors, 
mainly in the realms of denominational and controversial theol- 
ogy. He began his career, we believe, at Milton, Wayne county, 
by publishing a small serial, entitled the Western Reformer. 
This was soon merged into a paper owned by Alexander Hall. 



Ill iiknuv COUOTY; PA8T AND PRE8ENT. 

i 
tailed the Proclamation, and this was soon connected with the 
Christian Age, owned by I). 8. Burnett, and published at Cin- 
cinnati. Burnett was soon bought out, and the name changed 
the Christian "Review, under which name it is still edited by 
Mr. Franklin. 

Adolphus Rogers, the accomodating Deputy Treasurer of 
the county, is a young man of most excellent literary attain- 
ment-. II icasionally furnishes articles for the county papers. 

To him we are indebted for a great portion of the article on 
turnpikes. 

John C. Teas, now residing at Carthage, Mo., was long 
known in this county as one well posted in literary matters, 
and, although seldom appearing in print, had few superiors in 
- • li literary productions as grace a literary society. 

Rev. M. Mahin, presiding elder for the M. E. Church, is a 
solute " defender of the faith" and literary man of fine attain- 

it8. Hi- field of labor has been almost exclusively of a 
denominational character. 

James <;. Bubk, one of our "gallant dead," was a literary 
man of some taste and the editor and publisher of a book of 
eral hundred pages, entitled, "First Quarrels in Married 
Life." 

Dr. Joel Rekd, almost the first Henry county physician, 
- a frequent contributor to the comity papers in former 
years. lie was a man of good alility, and the generous good- 
. i — of his heart impressed itself upon his composition. 

Benjamin Wrigley, once an editor of the Courier, had a 
rare faculty ot imitation of some of the choice songs 
"i the language, and was the author of a few meritorious 

as. He believed that people in general knew nothing; 
lacked faith in himself and every body and so run his paper 
down to naught and left the county. 

Hawaii Maria Parker, of Wayne township, wrote sev- 
eral meritorious poems in blank verse, one entitled "The 
Exile of Scio," telling the woes of a noble Greek banished 

i hi- native land, gave evidence of a mind of more than 
ordinary p<<eii<- Insight. 



THE LITERATURE OF THE COUNTY- 115 

Prof. Elijah Evan Edwards flitted into our county once 
and rested the soles of his feet at New Castle a tew months, 
but this fact hardly gives us the right to claim that gifted bird 
of song as a Henry county man. 

Dora J. Gilbert, (afterward Williams,) when at college 
and a 1'e^v years afterward produced some articles that at- 
tracted considerable attention on account of their promise of 
future excellence, but death closed her career before the full 
scope of her abilities were indicated. 

Mrs. Jennie G. Kixley, though scarcely to be claimed a 
Henry county writer, is the author of articles in prose and 
verse of rare merit. Her notes on European travel, published 
in the School Journal, cannot fail to please everyone. 

The Misses Edwards, Elizabeth and Mary Jane produced 
before the local literary societies essays of considerable merit, 
some of which found their way into print, and may yet be 
seen in old and well thumed scrap-books. 

Ezra Spencer, of Greensboro, has been for several years 
recognized as a pleasant writer of sketches and essays, and a 
general advocate of temperance and moral reform. 

But our waning space forbids more than a " bare mention " 
of many who are more or less known m literary fields, like 

Wm. Haughtox, an eminent minister of the Society of 
Friends, and a lecturer on scientific and kindred topics of no 
mean repute : or of 

S. S. Bennett, the " Learned Blacksmith," efficient Auditor, 
preacher, and most forcible lecturer and orator in the county. 

Besides these, we might mention a host of "locals" and re- 
porters whose talents are being called into active play by the 
requirements of the public press. Of these we will merely 
mention John W. Shockley, of Blue River township; Flem. 
Ratcliff, of Dunreith ; O. H. Bogue, of Dudley; Oll Nixon 
and J. B. Antrim, of Spiceland ; and a host of others of more 
or less celebrity, whose bright and shining lights have been 
partially hidden by the thin veil of a nom de plume. 

Of the present county editors it is not our purpose to speak. 
They are still on the war path, and they must " fight it out on 
that line." 



lit; HENRY OOUKTT; PAST AND PRESENT. 

Anil thus ends the chapter, while many as noted as some 
mentioned may have been omitted, lor the reason that they 
have been unknown to us, or we cannot now think of their 
names. Perhaps at some not very distant day some one w ill 
take hold of the matter and make a much better showing for 
the county than it lias been possible for us to do. 



COUNTY NEWSPAPERS 



Printing is styled " The art preservative of all arts;" but a 
little research alter copies of the earlier newspapers of this 
county has led to the conclusion that newspapers, however po- 
tent as chroniclers of passing events, pass away almost as rap- 
idly as the events themselves. To find sufficient data for giving 
the name and polities of the newspapers of the county — when 
they were founded, how long each lived, and by whom edited 
and published, was supposed to be quite an easy task, while the 
effort has shown it to be one of the most difficult we have had 
to perform. Where certainty was expected, only guesses and 
conjectures were met with. 

THE FIRST TAPER. 

The first new-paper of the county was issued at Knights- 
town as early as 1831 or is;i2. Grant, editor, and John 

Mitchell, foreman of the office. Grant was succeeded by 
James Silvers, and he. by J. T. Langdon, each for a short 
time. The name of this paper is variously reported by those 
who remember it well, as the Knightatovm Ham, a; Knightstown 
Situ, and Indiana Sun. The weight of the testimony we be- 
litve to lie in favor of its having been called the Knl-jhtstoion 
although this would necessitate its having been suspended 
for several years, or for several considerable periods, as the Sun 
\. - only in it- third year in 1839. 

1 II K INDIANA STN. 

Leaving the debatable question as to what the first paper 
wac ristened, we find that T. I». Clarkson either founded the 



COUNTY NEWSPAPERS. 117 

Sun, or revived the old paper. The fact that the list of letters 
remaining in the post office at Knightstown was advertised in 
the Richmond Palladium in 1835, is pretty good evidence that 
this county was without a paper at the time. About the first 

of the year 1839 Hannum and J. W. G-rubbs purchased 

the Sun for $600, seemingly a large sum at the time. Before the 
purchase money was all paid, Hannum left unceremoniously 
for parts unknown, leaving J. W. Grubbs in possession of the 
field. On the 10th of June, 1841, Mr. Grubbs changed the 
name to Indiana Courier, and about the first of December fol- 
lowing removed with it to New Castle, " solely for the conven- 
ience of the people of Henry county/' He continued its pub- 
lication until about the middle of the year 184G, when he sold 
to C. V. Duggins. 

About the first of January, 1850, Mr. Duggins died, and 
the Courier was published by his executor, Mr. James Com- 
stock, until in March, 1850, when J. W. Grubbs again became 
propi'ietor. George W. Lennaed purchased the office in Jan- 
uary, 1853, and, after a few months, found a partner in Coleman 
Rogers, who assisted in conducting the paper the balance of the 
year. Nation & Ellison became its proprietors in January, 
1854, with H. C. Grubbs as editor-in-chief, and D. Nation 
"local." Mr. Grubbs, however, soon retired and D. Nation was 
promoted. 

Benjamin Wrigley purchased the office before the 
close of the year 1854, and took in as partner a Mr. Lyle ; 
but before the close of the year 1855 they disposed of the office 
to Chas. E.Harwood and T. B. Bedding, who conducted it for 
about one year, and turned it over to E. B. Martindale, who 
also seems soon to have tired of it, and sold out to I. S. Drake 
early in 1857. In 1859 Mr. Drake secured as partner Walton 
P. Goode, who became sole proprietor about a year afterward, 
and continued alone in the business till November, 1862, when 
the office was sold to E. Pleas, who conducted the paper until 
the first of March, 1869, a period of six years and four months, 
when it was sold to M. E. Pleas and H. H. Hoover. This firm 
continued the publication of the paper until the 15th of May, 
1870, when M. E. Pleas sold his interest to A. G. Wilcox, who, 
in connection with Mr. Hoover, continued its publication until 



lis HENRY COUNTY; PAST AM> PRESENT. 

* mii • tini • in January, 1371, when Mr. II i >ver. Bold bis fnteresl 
\v\i\ i:. Score, wai s last of the changes we have 

tronicle in the dram p , sr. Oar space 

i . limite I for m i -h m >re tb in a catalogue of the changes 

ill li: 

The Sun, which was the forerunner «of the ' U ■ tbevol- 
.iii 1 li'im't sr of the form •;• b ang for Bom \ rim \ retained in 
the Latter , was what is termed a five-column paper, 21 by 32 
i j i - 1 1 < * - in dimensions, the columns being ab »ut one-third wider 
than ;ii present. Forseveral years after the change of name, 
size was but little changed, though treated to an occasional 
dress. In 1850 the columns were reduced in width about 
one-half an inch, bo a< to admit of six columns to the page, and 
-M i; was enlarged to a H by 36 sheet,6even columns to 
page, and in 1858 again enlarged to li by :■!•<. but in war 
times Slay, 1861 . it was reduced in size, by Mr. Goode, to sis 
columns, and a sheet 11 by 32. At the end of the year 1SG3 it 
_ In eidarged, by ES. Pleas, to seven columns, or a sheet 
i\ by 36, and further enlarged, three year- Inter, and made an 
s t-column paper, and while owned by Wilcox & Hoover it 
- -till further enlarged and made :i nine-column paper. 
The politics both of the Sun and Courier were Whig so long 
as that party remained to lit- battled for. Soon after the demise 
of that party the paper seemed to have Know-Nothing procliv- 
ities; but upon the organization of the Republican party it 
espoused the cause of Republicanism. 

NEW CASTLE BANNER. 

The first paper at the county Beat was established in the 

r part i.t the year 1835, or early in 1836, and christened the 

NewCaatle Banner, J. B. Swayze publisher, and Rev. Alfred 

Johnson Cotton, editor. The third number was not issued 

until March 31, \^'M\. at which time they -ay : 

We have the pleasure to state that, notwithstanding we i>-ued our 
first number of the Banner without ■ subscription list, we issue the third 
wiiii a List rising 800. We confidently anticipate 600 ere long. 

Notwithstanding these brilliant prospects, it only reached 
iu twenty-sixth number by the 20th of October, and was sus- 
pended BOOS afterward. .Mr. Swayze started a paper at Hagers- 
tOWD, Indiana, and Mr. Cott< n shut up his house and went to 
Dearborn county, and "stood a poll "for Judge and was elected. 



COUNTY NEWSPAPERS. 11! 

The B • ' ■ profi — 1 to be in iependent in politics, and to give 
>d from all sides, while the editor and publisher both 
voted the Democratic ticket. 

THE DEMOCRATIC BANNER. 

Thenaxl . r a Damooratic paper in this county was 

made by J. Fenwick Henry, about the first of August, 1851. 
It was started as a six-column sheet, 21 by ;i>, and was orna- 
mented by a wonderfully imposing wood cut head. In about 
eighteen months, the erratic J. F. II. .sold the concern to Xel- 
BON Abbott, who enlarged it to a seven-column paper, 24 by 
3t>. hut soon changed the name to "New C stle Banner? re- 
ducing the size to six-column page and 22 by :!2 sheer. It was 
conducted with considerable vigor. In 1854, a literary page 
was conducted under the /"<«' d6 plume of De Wit Mullinix, 
real name nor now remembered, though we believe tin- sai 
Writer was employed on a Cincinnati magazine, the departure] 
under his charge being regarded by some as equal to the Knick- 
erbocker Papers. The Banner was issued as a small semi- weekly 
for some time, but its demise, which occurred about 1855, was 
probably hastened by the stand taken on the Nebraska question, 
The Baltimore platform and resistance to anti-slavery agitation 
appears to have been it- "pole star." 

HENRY COUNTY TIMES. 

In September, 1865, R. F. Brown, for some time publlshei 
ot a paper in Connersvile, Inch, removed his office to Xew Cas- 
tle, and commenced the publication of a seven-column sheet, 
styled the BCenry County Times, the first number of which was 
i dated October 13, 1SG5. At the end of a month, he removed his 
office to Knightstown, and the fourth number appeared as the 
Henry County Weekly Times. At the end of about five months. 
Brown "pulled up stakes'* and went to "Western Illinois, and, a 
few weeks later, to Lamar, Missouri, in search of a more appre- 
ciative community. 

THE HENRY COUNTY INDEPENDENT. 

This paper was started at Xew Castle, in April, 1867, bj 

! Hooveb & Shopp, and, after reaching the twenty-fourth num- 

! ber, was sold to a joint stock company of Democrats, by whom 

it was managed for five weeks, when it was placed under the: 

control of Leonard II. Miller, who changed the name to 



iikm:y COUNTY; PAST and PRESENT. 

shins OP Tin - . TIMES, 
iboul the 1st of January, 1868. Miller continued the paper 
mil -Him' time in April, when be became bo badly demoralized 
flic company procured the Bervicea of a Mr. s. s. Darling ? 

• t Hamilton, <>.. who was a young man of more promise than 
performance. He changed the name of the paper to 

THE NEW CASTLE EXAMINER, 
: ad ran on quite lively till some time in August, when an ex- 
amination showed that he too had decamped, and an arrange- 
lent was made with I.. L. Dat.k, Esq., to conduct the paper. 
hi May following, Mr. Dale removed the office to Cam- 
b ridge City, to til! a vacancy caused by the sale of the Demo- 
ratic organ at that place to the Republicans. The name was 
hanged to Democratic Ttmes, and after being published there 
■ r about five months, the office was again established at New 
Castle, and in December last sold to L. E. Buxdy and Wm. 
Johnson, the present proprietors. 

THE KNIGHTSTOWN BANNER, 

Now in the fifth yar. has started at Knightstown in the spring 

of 1 807 by John A. Deem, who continues to conduct it. It 

sat first a -mall sheet, but has been enlarged from time to 

ime and i< now quarto in form and printed on a sheet 25 by 
36 inches, and -oems to be well sustained by the citizens of 
Knightstown and vicinity. In politics it has been radically 

Republican. 

THE CITY CHROXICI.K, 

Also published at Knightstown, was originated by J. C. Rid- 
dki.i. early in the year 1870. It is a fair-sized sheet but has 

een so irregularly in its appearance as to leave us in doubt as 

• it- permanance. 

THE HENRY COUNTY REPUBLICAN. 
This i< a nine column paper 20 x42 inches in size. Its pub- 
"u was commenced August 4, 1S70, by E. and M. E. Pleas. 

Although there were already four papers published in the 

• unity, the Republican -till in its first year has attained to more 
than an average circulation. In politics it is radically Repub- 
lican. 

THE KNIGHTSTOWN CITIZEN. 

ed in l>:.s or !', we believe, by T. D. Clarksox, and 






BENEVOLENT SOCIETIES. 121 

afterward conducted by Will C. Moreau, and then by A. M. 
Woodin was discontinued about the latter part of 1861. It was 
a fair-sized sheet, Republican in politics. Not being in posses- 
sion of a copy or any very definite information about it, the 
notice must be correspondingly brief. 

THE BEECH TREE. 

This was a 32 page literary magazine, conducted by Isaac 
Kinley, and started, we believe, in 1858. It was discontinued 
after a few months for want of a sufficiently generous support 
such as its merits really demanded. 

THE WESTEKN RURALIST, 

An agricultural magazine, published at Knightstown in 1865, 
by John A. Deem. It was only published a few months when 
Mr. Deem went to Plainfield, Indiana, and engaged in the pub- 
lication of a weekly paper. 

ADVERTISING SHEETS. 

In addition to the regular newspapers of the county, sev- 
eral little papers intended chiefly as advertising sheets with 
enough reading only to make them go, have from time to time 
been projected. Such were the Knightstown Trade Journal of 
1867, M. H. Chappell Publisher, and The Henry County Adver- 
tiser, recently issued by J. B. Martindale. 



BENEVOLENT SOCIETIES. 



The •rganizations known as " benevolent societies" form 
too important a feature of our " domestic institutions" to be 
over-looked, although want of room compels us to pass from 
the subject with little more than a notice of the strength, and 
date of the organization of each lodge. 

MASONS. 

The oldest Masonic organization in the county is that of 
Knightstown, which, from the following table it will be seen was 
formed near thirty years ago. 



I u 



HKNRY COUNTY: PAST AND PRESENT. 



NAMR 4NI> NO. OF LODGE, AND TIME OF MEETING. 

. \ IL 
I 

I . . - io. 72 

No»> . Saturday on or after full moon 

. No. 176, Friday 01 ill moon 

Middletown. N >.971, -at ur'dav on or before full moon 

.-.7 

II moon 

. - 'it or after full moon 
II. II. Win- . S - eol'd .iir-t Friday in month 

< Chapter. 

Knigbtstown, no. 88 

s , No. 60, Saturday after lull moon . 

Criptic (Kb - So. .,.. 

Command 

Wm. Hacker (Knk No. 9 • 

ODD FELLOWS. 

This brotherhood is the most numerous fraternity in the 
county, and "Fidelity Lodge," at New I iastle, rakes precedence 
in point of age, as will be seen by the table below: 



Date "f 


P resent 


lion. 


strength 


1844 


114 




m 




8* 




41 




Ba 


1862 


49 




29 




43 




-•, 




12 




M 




06 


1864 


50 


1866 


53 



NAMK AND NO. OF LODGE, AND TIME OF MF.ETJVC. 
I. 0. 0. K. 

Fidelity (New Castle , No. 59 £ r lay 
Fall Creek Middletown), No. 97, Tuesday 

.No •:. '; ■ - lay 

v. jnsville . No. 191, Thursday 

Saturday 

• urday 

Greene 247, Saturday 

Sulphur Springs, No. 249, Saturday 

Spiceland, No. 266, Friday. 

BlountsTille, No. 396, Saturday 

Ifecbanicsburg, No. 827, Thursday 

Dunreith, N tesday 

impments. 
i Biyer, No. 48 Knighist'n), 1st & 3d Wednesday! 
Henry, No. 69 [New < astle . 2d and 4th Wednesdays 
Farnsworth, No. 91 Lewisville , Isi and 3d Fridays 

Degri f Rebekah. 

Wild. diz), every other Monday 

C'harit . . v < astle), 1st and -2d Tuesdays 



organiza 

tion. 
1848 

1867 

■ 
lh60 
1865 
1865 
1866 
1868 

-" 

1856 

• I 

1869 



1869 
18S9 

1870 



Present 
strength. 

84 

123 
40 
45 
88 
51 
31 
40 
- 
21 
41 

100 

4.-; 

39 



so- iai No.1 (Knightstown . 1st and -'id Wednesdays 
A ret as i Lewisville) 

THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF GOOD TEMPLARS 

M as its piin ipal object to "reclaim the fallen" victims 
of Intemperance and "save others from falling," its objects be- 
ing substantially the same as that of the Sons of Temperance, 
now obsolete in this part of tin 1 State, anil in this philanthropic 
work males and females are admitted on terms of perfect equal- 
ity. 



BANKS. 



123 



NAME AND NO. OP LODGE AHD TLME OP MEETINd 
I. 0. 0. T. 

Greensboro, No. 43, Wednesday, (reorganized) 

Ogden, No. 318, Wednesday 

Kjaiehtstown. No. 277 

Mecnaniesburg, No. 333, Friday 

Spieeland, No. 547, Saturday 

Middletown, No. 682 

Dunreith, No . "40, Saturday 



Date of 
organiza 
tion. 
1871 
1865 
1361 
1866 
1867 
1870 
1870 



Present 
strength. 

21 

H 

56 

52 

33 
35 



BANKS. 



Henry county, until within a few years, was so essentially 
rural, and the pursuits of cur people of such a character, that 
banks were not looked upon as in any way necessary to the 
growth or progress of the county. It is presumed that capital- 
ists surveyed the field with equal indifference, as no serious ef- 
fort was made to start a banking house within our borders-prior 
to the introduction of the national banking system. Under the 
old State Bank system, but a limited number of branches were 
permitted, and this county was in the Richmond District ; while 
our capitalists generally had a very judicious fear of the "wild 
oaf* system, and probably saved money and reputation by giv- 
ing it a wide berth. 

It is not to be inferred from the foregoing that no one in 
the county, during its infancy, engaged in the loaning of mon- 
ey, as almost every neighborhood had its money kings who 
were ready to discount good paper on private terms. Fif- 
teen or twenty years since, an "old farmer" who could scrape 
together from $3,000 to $5,000, ready money, was regarded as a 
moneyed man and on the high road to fortune, if not already ar- 
rived at that ever-shifting point. One of the most noticeable 
effects of the late war was to so change the industries and finan- 
cial wants of communities as to make the establishment of sev- 
eral banks seem desirable, where the want of so much as one 
was not seriously felt before. Accordingly in January, 1865, 
an association was formed, and 



124 HKNKY CMNTY; PAST AVH IMtRSKNT. 

« 
THE KIRST NATIONAL BANK OK NEW CA8TLK 

Wimu Into operation soon afterward, with a capital of $100,000 
and a circulation of |90,000, as the law permits. Its career has 
been quite a successful one, the Btock commanding 25 per cent. 
premium, and the semi-annual dividends averaging about seven 
per rent., while it- "accumulated surplus" amounts to $10,725 62. 
It- quarterly transactions amount to about $150,000 in the way 
of loan- and discounts, and the individual deposits last quarter 
amounted to about $85,000. The present officers of the company 
arc: M. L. Bundy, S. T. Powell, J. T. Elliott, Wm. Murphey, 
« 1. incut Bfurphey, Directors; M. L. Bundy, President; John 
Thornburgh, Cashier; Augustus Bundy, Teller. 

THE FIRST NATIONAL MA.NK OF KNIGHT8TOWN 

Was organized about the same time, but a few weeks later, we 
believe, than the above mentioned. its capita] stock is also 

$100,1 and circulation about $!»0,000. The career of these two 

institutions ha- been about equally successful, the figures 
setting forth the quarterly transactions of each not greatly 
differing. It is claimed that the stock in the Knights- 
town,bank commands a little higher premium than that of the 
other, though we presume this is a matter of precious little 
consequence except in case of the death of a stockholder, as 
there i- seldom any transactions in the stock of either. The 
semi-annual dividends of this bank have not been reported as 
being quite so high as those of its New Castle competitor, but, 
on the other hand, it reported an "accumulated surplus" of over 
(33,000 several months since. The officers are, so far as learned: 
Robert Woods, President; C. I). Morgan, Cashier; William Penn 
Hill and Perrj Wagoner, Clerks. 

THE UNION BANK OF NEW CASTLE. 

This was a private bank, projected by M. L. Bundy in I860, 

office in the Taylor House, it appeared to do a flourishing 

business for several months, when its business and good will 

were transferred to the First National, of which Mr. Bundy soon 

• became President. 

CITIZENS 1 hank ov dunreith. 
This is a private bank, instituted at Dunreith in 1869, by 
Strut tan, Qarrold «fc Co.. with a capital stock of $25,000, and in- 
tended to supply a local demand, and for the accommodation of 



POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. 125 

the shipping interests of Dunreith and vicinity. Although the 
capital was small, its transactions for the first year were of a 
highly satisfactory character. In December last it was burg- 
lariously entered and victimized to the tune of about $6,000, 
which very materially interfered with its business calculations 
and success. 

Under the present order of things, the banks of Henry 
county seem like almost indispensable institutions. They are 
certainly great conveniences at times, but their being so ex- 
tremely good for the stockholder at once raises the question as 
to whether the. community in general can be shown to be bene- 
fitted by their existence. One thing is certainly demonstrable : 
that the rate of interest is too high, as it can hardly be a healthy 
state of affairs in general, when the interest which money will 
command is greater than the per cent, of profits in any of the 
leading pursuits in which it is employed. It has been but a few 
months since the rate of discounts at our banks was reduced 
from twelve to ten per cent. Still it is extremely doubtful 
whether agricultural pursuits, which are the chief basis of wealth 
in this cotmty, have paid an average of six per cent, on the cap- 
ital invested for the past five years. 



POLITI C A L D E V E L PMENT 



In the earlier portion of our county's history, there was 
little known of what is called partizan politics. Party lines 
were but dimly defined. Personal popularity counted more at 
the polls, (especially in local elections) than political creeds. A 
difference of choice for Governor or President might engender 
considerable feeling between neighbors without separating them 
in choice for Justice of the Peace or County Commissioner . 
Names, too, were as liable to deceive in early times as at present. 

A venerable and life-long Democrat, whose name frequently 
occurs in these pages, commenced his career by voting for John 
Quincy Adams, and afterwards voted for Mr. Clay, who he says 

were Democrats at the time. 

12* 



Tit; ItKNIiV ' OUNTY; PAST AND PKKSENT. 

In early times the Democratic conventions at Indianapolis? 
trere styled Republican conventions, thus showing that words 
mi. be ami often are used interchangeably, which, at other 
times, convey Ideas of the most opposite character. 

\hhough I Innry county, from an early day, was regarded 
as rery reliably Whig when it came to a general election, Dem- 
«>.iat <, Cor many years, enjoyed a considerable share of the 
places of" trusl and profit" in the county. After Jackson's elec- 
tion the lines began to be more closely drawn, and party ma- 
chinery to be put In more successful operation on both sides, 
and the opposing candidates were often held up as political mon- 
itro titles, and the " glorious principles" of each were attacked 
with a rancor, or defended with a zeal on the stump, or through 
the press, that leaves the impression at this day that the actors 
must have helieveil great principles were really at stake in the 
contests between Whigs and Democrats, but just what they 
were we are unable at this remote period to accurately de- 
termine, and freely confess to having some difficulty in com- 
prehending the "world wide" difference between the principles 
of the old Whig and. Democratic parties. Nevertheless there 
must have been a difference, for once the issue was made, the 
number of Democrats promoted in this county became smaller 
by degrees, and if we mistake not, Joshua Johnson, elected 
Sheriff In 1850, was the "last of his line" 

The difference between Whiggery and Democracy , however, 
has not been the only element in Henry county politics. The 
county haying been for many years noted as a stronghold of 
Radicalism and sure for a heavy majority for Hon. G. W.Julian, 
rendei a re\ ie"H of some of the causes which led to such results. 
fitting in this place. 

Many of the early pioneers were from the South, and had 
learned from actual contact with the " peculiar institution " to 
detest it from the bottom of their hearts. They cherished the 
dec trims of the Declaration of Independence as vital truths 
and not as " glittering generalities." They not only confessed 
with their mouths, but believed in their hearts, that God had 
made of one blood all nations of men, and that 

" v : ian'8 a man for a' that," 
in »pite ef color, oast <>r rank. They early perceived the essen- 



POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. 127 

tially aggressive character of the " patriarchal institution,"' 
which, in spite of its professed conservatism and pleadings to 
be "let alone." was mustering its forces for a crusade, determined 
to rule or ruin, to bend or break to its accused purposes, 
parties, constitutions, unions, Bibles, churches and all else 
held sacred. 

They saw earlier and knew better than Mr. Seward himself 
the nature of the " irrepressible conflict." 

A National Anti-Slavery Society was formed about 1833, and 
had aroused great excitement and uncontrolable mobs in Bos- 
ton and Philadelphia, but it took some time for this agitation to 
reach a* far west as Indiana, and there was not much concerted 
action here until after 1840. 

Although the number who felt that the pandering of 
Church and State to the traffic in human flesh was a burning 
disgrace and a foul blot on our fair institutions, was ever on 
the increase, thousands who recognized the heaven defying 
character of slavery, and were "just as much opposed to it as any 
body" were not yet ready to carry their opposition into politics, or 
at least not ready for separate political action, and so when the 
movement in this direction was inaugurated in 1840, no electoral 
ticket was formed in this and some other western States, and 
the ticket received but about six thousand votes in the whole 
Union. 

When J. G. Birny, a practical Abolitionist, who had man- 
umitted his own slaves, was put forward by the Liberty 
party in 1844, to make the race with those well-known slave- 
holders and apologists for oppression, Henry Clay and James 
K. Polk, he received but 188 votes in the county, and 62,263 in the 
whole country. When separate political action was inaugurated 
the fires of persecution were made to burn fierely. "Abo- 
litionist" became' a supreme epithet of reproach. Among the 
boys it was sometimes changed to " niggerlitionist." No effort 
was spared to harrass and crush out the growing hostility to an 
institution, which, from being allowed to exist by the sufferance 
and forbearance of our forefathers, had come to arrogantly 
demand the chiefest place in State and Synagogue. Those who 
had the temerity to oppose its progress, soon found themselves 
not only outside of a "healthy political organization," but their 



128 BSN111 i (»l \TY; PAST AND PRESENT. 

fellow church members were looking askance at them as dis- 
turbers of the peace of "God's family"— the "household of 
laith." and two, at least of the churches of this county suffered 
disruption on this score. 

But none of these things minted ihem, despite threats, despite 
personal violence principle sustained the moral heroes. These 
" agi tutors' were fighting the buttle of human liberty in general, 
but yet it was in behalf of a despised race and their very disin- 
terestedness was made an occasion against them. They were 
" natWIjng with other people's busin 

Rotten eggs were often tried, but found incapable of hitting 
truth. The ball put in motion, though BO small at first, soon 
doubled in size, and, although most unfortunate in their selec- 
tion of a standard hearer, the " impracticables'' of the county 
gave him -i");") rotes in L848, nearly one-fifth of the vote cast; 
and this, too, in spite ot the military renown and prowes> oi 
one ot tht- opposing candidates. 

The demands of the slave, power became still more arro- 
gant. Slavery, instead of being a domestic concern, circum- 
scribed by Stale line- with the prospect of gradually if not soon, 
dying out, began to insist on being the normal condition of the 
laborer everywhere. It laid claim to being a divine heritage, 
entitled to be every where recognized. It insisted on new terri- 
tory and new guarantees, and asserted, that by force of the 
constitution, it was to be at home wherever our flag waved. 
Petitions agaissl it were held to be an outrage. No disrespect- 
ful reference to it was to lie tolerated in Congress. The citizens 
of the North were to catch and return the panting fugitive to 
his divinely appointed master. 

Tin- leading political parties had. in many localities, been 
i ing verj fci-sli \ ry resolutions, i nd vieing with 

e* n oti r in trj ing t< aeel the demands of the nation's con- 
science, with reference to this Lonal curse. In a spasm 
ot goodness the Democracy 01 Indiana went as far in' its oppo.- 
tdttea to slavery a- a -black abolitionist" could well demand. 

Wilmot Provisos and similar literature seemed to have 
become wondrously and suddenly popular. But the scene 
shifted as suddenly, the great political parties were whipped 
int» the service of the task-master- more completely than. 



POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. 129 

ever before, and 1350 witnessed the dawn of the slave-hunt- 
ing era. The Democracy in National Convention assembled 
and resolved to " resist all attempts at renewing in Congress 
or out of it the agitation of the slavery question under what- 
ever color or shape the attempt may be made,'* and two weeks 
atfer the Whigs in the same capacity, and place, resolved to " dis- 
countenance all efforts to continue or renew such agitation 
wherever or however made, and we will maintain this system 
as essential to the nationality of the Whig party and the integ- 
rity of the Union." 

Here were the accredited representatives of the two great 
political parties of the nation in solemn conclave assembled 
deliberately and witli one accord pledging each other that hence- 
forth no voice should plead the cause of the down-trodden and 
oppressed — anywhere or in any manner, in all this broad land- 
It was a diabolical covenant to stifle at once the voices of relig- 
ion, morality and humanity. 

The stupendous folly of thus defying the liat of Jehovah, 
and attempting to turn backward the progress of the nineteenth 
century, was answered by such a storm of agitation the land 
over as had never been witnessed before, and as if to set the 
seal of madness to this compact, no sooner had Congress as-em- 
bled than the portals of agitation were thrown wide open by a 
resolution against agitation, introduced too, by a Democrat. 

The Whig party, which, in time- past, could lay some claim 
to be called the party of liberty, in consequence of it< stand in 
favor of freedom of debate and the right of petition, had, since 
its successes in ]s4->. been licking the dust from the feet of its 
Southern master-, and was ready to barter its all of principle, jus- 
tice and humanity for a continuance in place and power, but 
there being no longer a vital issue between the two great parries, 
. the Whig party paid dearly for its treachery, by a defeat in L852 
which blotted it out forever. 

The Democratic party in many part- of the North, at least 
had been studiously making amends for its Waterloo defeat of 
1848, by saving utterance to sentiments that would have clone 
credit to a Garrison or a Phillips. By its happy efforts in this 
direction in Eastern Indiana, George W. Julian was elected to 
< -ono-res* in 1849, Isaac Kinly sent to the constutional conven- 



KK) HKNIIY COUNTY; PAST AN!' I'KKSHNT. 

tion and George Evans to the State Senate from this county. 
The conversion of the party, it is feared, was not genuine as by 
its prompt acceptance of the "Baltimore platform," it readily 
fell from grace and returned to its w;illow, and, although suc- 
iftil in 1858, and again in 1866, ir was at the expense of the 
last vestige of good in the party, which seemed at once to 
become the rendezvous of most of the thieves, cutthroats and 
treason mongers in the whole country. Just how completely 
such encompassed and cngulphed the party " Bleeding Kansas" 
a torn and distracted country four years of sanguinary strife, 
mountains of debt and the sacrifice of more than a half a mil- 
lion of lives must attest. 

The terrible bugbear of a "dissolution of the Union" and 
the wonderful qualities of a panacea labeled "The Compromise 
Measures," were most industriously exhibited by the party 
nurses from 1850 'to 1855. But the "plantation manners" 
adopted by Congress and the humiliation of the free men of the 
North by the effort to convert them into "blood hounds" to 
chase the flying bondsmen, aroused great indignation through- 
out the country and " personal liberty bills" and indignation 
meetings were the order of the day, and the "Free Democra- 
cy" with Hale and Julian as standard-bearers polled a vote of 
more than a quarter of a million in 1852. In this county the 
gain was, however, tor various reasons, but small. 

In 1851 a series of meetings wen- hold throughout the 
county, in which the repeal of the fugitive slave bill was dis- 
cussed and demanded. One appointed for the county seat and 
coming on an inclement day, the attendance from the country 
was small, and the occasion was seized upon by certain poli- 
ticians, and portions of the populace to pervert the meeting 
from its original purpose. For the resolutions condemnatory of 
the law, substitutes were offered, the floor was occupied at great 
length by the apologists ot the law, and those who called the 
meeting were greeted with biases, bowls, and cries of " ques- 
tion !" " question !" when they attempted to reply. The mob had 
its way for the time, but " Kadicals" learned a lesson not soon 
forgotten, and more than once since when it has been necessary to 
hold conventions, those who, for many years, manasred the 
•iffairs of the county, have been astonished at the interest taken 



POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. 131 

in them by the people from the " rural districts." 

So soon as it became apparent that the anti-slavery forces 
of this county held the balance of power, it became a matter of 
some consequence to secure their aid in the contests of the 
time, and they were alternately caressed and scolded by the 
Whigs, besought or cuffed by the Democracy. Still they main- 
tained to an admirable extent the even tenor of their way — 
not that they made no mistakes, but what they kept constantly 
in view, was the early triumph ot their cherished principles, 
and the sacred cause of human liberty. 

Among those who stood fast through good and evil report 
and bore the heat and burthen of the day, might be mentioned 
old Dr. Reed and young Dr. Hiatt, Dr. Darr, Emsley Brook- 
shir.*. T. R. Stanford, Jonathan Macy, and Jabish Luellen; the 
Bonds, MarshaUs, and Wickershams, on Flatrock; John H, 
Bales, the Macys and Jp^sups, on Blue river; the Edgertons, 
Antrim-, and others, at Spiceland: about Greensboro, the Cooks, 
Saint-, Bransons, Wrights, "Old Uncle Seth," and the Hinshaw 
family generally; and in the North-west part of the county, 
Shuhal Julian. John Swain and sons, a Mr. Wright and an 
Adamson, and of course, many others, of whom want of space 
forbids mention. 

After the sudden demise of the Whig party ,Knownothingism 
sprung into being, and swept like a tornado over the land. Its 
novelty, a natural love of change, a weakness which seems in- 
herent in afflicted humanity to try all the quack nostrums and 
curealls proposed, together with the speciousness of the claims 
set up for the movement by its wily propagandists, all con- 
spired to sweep into its secret conclaves thousands of excellent 
men. 

The purposes and tendencies of the party, soon however, 
became so apparent that multitudes turned from it in disgust,* 
and to-day, scarcely. one in ten of all those "taken in" will 
admit they ever saw " Sam." Doubtless the earlier Abolition- 
ists were believed by honest thousands to be little less than 
monsters, holding and teaching the most atrocious sentiments, 

* Although this new phase of politics swept through many of the States 
irresistably for a time, its force was speedily spent, and in this county its 
votaries numbered but 49 in 1856, and 16 in 1860. 



Iffl ilKNRY COUNTY; PAST and PRESENT. 

bat iii«' rapid strides ol the Blave powertoward complete ascend- 
ency in the land, thoroughly aroused the musses. 

Tin- repeal or the Missouri Compromise, the "grinding out" 
of the Dred Scott decision, the attempt to blast Kansas and 
i virgin territory with-that most insidious piece of diabol- 
ism know n as "squatter sovreignty,'' andthe open and shameless 

jade of armed ruffians in the Interest of human bondage 
'"' i I rapidly to develop the national conscience and open the 

- ul ,llr hlill( l politicians to the deadly aggressive charactei 
of slavery. \ Minimrst of righteous indignation swepl over 
the land, and the Republican party was formally organized in 

, embracing all the real anti-slavery men of the country, 

i vers large portion of the Whig party, with a large ac- 

'•" from the Democratic ranks. The Democratic leaders of 

Henry county, yielding to the better impulses or their nature, 

ed an indignation meeting at New Castle, and resolved 
igainsl the dastardly Leeompton measures or the Democratic 
idministration In terms as vigorous or fitting a- any body ot 
radical abolitionists could havedesired. indeed it seemed much 
like re-enacting the Decalogue and Declaration of Independence. 

The Democratic President soon, however, found the means 
of silencing this ebullition of goodness, and whipping into the 

es the larger portion of the party, while such ascould not 
be thus controled or cajoled founda genial homein the camp 
Republicanism. 

During all the vicissitudes of parties, and amid all the rev- 
olutions in platforms, changes of base, and frequent "new de- 
partures," the Democratic party of this county has "held its 
>wn." The relative strength of parties in this county since 
652, taking the Presidential vote as a basis, has been nearly as 
follows : 

1852— Whig, I'.i percent.: Democrat, 38 per cent. ; Freesoil, 
'■i percent. 1856— Republican; 68 per cent.; Democrat, :«i'.. 

■in.: Know Nothing,] percent, lscti— Republican, 66 

cent.; Democrat, 33 per cent. ; Know Nothing, % per cent- 
1864— Republican, 74 percent.: Democrat, 25 per cent. 1868— 
Republican, 70 per cent.; Democrat, 30 per cent. 

Upon the formation of the Republican party, the old Aboli- 
tionist*, Liberty Men, Free Democrats, and Free Soilers, to a 



POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. 133 

man, cast their fortunes with it, or more properly speaking, 
they were the very life of the organization. It is true that 
its platform of principles embodying little more than resistance 
to the fUrther spread of slavery was regarded by some as lower- 
ing the standard too much, but it was a great step to have the 
masses, as well as the leaders of public opinion step upon this 
high platform, and progress was patiently awaited. Revolu- 
tions could not go backward. The genuine lovers of freedom 
had faith that 

•■ Vs round and round we run, 
Truth ever comes uppermost 
And ever is justice done," 

But it is curious to note with what pertinacity men cling - to 

their old prejudices, and while adopting the opinions of a class 

o;' thinkers who have blazed the way for them, never cease 

idcnin the men whose lead they follow. 

Henry County lias been a Radical stronghold for twenty 
years, but homogeneity of opinion lias never prevailed here. 
Many opposed slavery after it had well nigh destroyed the Gov- 
ernment, who utterly repudiate and despise the earlier Aboli- 
rionists. Many who cheered most lustily for Fremont in 
L856 would have been on the other side, had they suspected Re- 
publicanism would advance to the utterances of 1866, and when 
years alter they helped to sing the requiem of slavery they 
were read\' to swear that the smell of abolition was not on their 
garments, and never forgave pioneers. From exalted places in 
the County t laggards strove to stop the current of progress. 
In lsi;i-2 some of them favored meeting and treating with 
the rebels to stop the war. In 1863 they were still clamoring 
for the "Union as it was and the Constitution as it is." Freeing 
the negro as our armies advanced, was not to be thought of, and 
arming them to shoot their masters was simply intolerable. 

In February, 1864, in county convention assembled, a Re- 
publican committee of 13, stifled a resolution endorsing the 
Emancipation Proclamation, which, upon being presented by 
its originator, in the body of the convention, passed ainid deaf- 
ening applause; illustrating how the mere politician is ever be- 
hind the people. On a memorable day in April, 1865, a commit- 
tee charged with the duty of preparing suitable resolutions for 
the obsequies of a Martyr President, refused to report a resolu- 

13 



v k'; PAS! KM'. 

i KM, _ g lie black crime of his murder to th< ip 

.; -;. i.-i> I'hi- ,00 was reported by Its originator to the 
enfion and more completely touched the popular chord 
than any thing else —; » i « l or done, notwithstanding it- introduc- 
tion was pronounced unnecessary bj one of its original oppo- 
nents. After it- passage its publication as having come from 
the hands of tin' committee was privately requested, showing 
thai politicians sometimes Learn when it i- 100 late. 

"Military necessity" placed the musket and the ballot in 
the hand- ofthe negro in -pile t.i the settled convcition6 and ex- 
pressed opinions of many a Henrj Count] politician. There- 
construction of the Southern States was also declared against 
by man\ "goo ; Republicans," since, i<> admit that they were 
lapsed into a territorial condition, or had lost any of their rights 
. nit that "the rebellion had succeeded." 

nth and Fifteen! h Atnendmei - 
h the party is now so fully committed, had each to be 
fought for in the political circle or Henry County republican- 
Ism, hui the battle seems at last almost won. The"logic of 
>vents" lias jarried us beyond the most advanced out posts 
the anti-slavery men. till it almost seems a- it the Garrisons, 
Lps\ and Griddings', the Sumners and Julians, were respec- 
-. The clogs of the party of freedom have been 
. u off or carried irresitably along till they have had time 
position taken by those denominated as Rad- 
icals, adopted bj the partj at large, and the heresy of yesterday 
made the orthodoxy of today. And now. since to go back is 
impossible and Democracy itself is beginning to ■•accept the 
situation;'' and the results ol a victory it never intentionally 
I to win, cannot ail say " let us iiave peace." 



I N i; ; A N 3 



'The Noble Red Man" became a scarce article in this eoun- 
\ JOOn alter its settlement was fairly begun by the whites. 



135 

previously mentioned by the terms of the treaty of 1818, they 

were all required to leave by the spring- of 1821. The bulk of 
them left before that time, although a number of tl 

scattered up and down Blui • rj seine or: 3 in 
the county for some time after the first crop of whit 

took possess Probably the most extensiv ' -in 

the county was located near the present site of • - .fills, 

about two miles north of New I 1 1 ty 

were of theDelaware tribi - _ i tha 
branch known as Muncies. 

MOUNDS, KAKTIIWOKKS, 

There are in the county mar; vl 
the home oi one or more races of rj 

Numerous mounds and earthworks or loir uind 

in the county w r hile flint, arn >i- 

most every neighborhood, and it might be vary 

farm in the county. Stow tomahawks or 

hatchets, and other implements and trinkets 
tions of the county- Whether these 1 ;■ : (>:' 

'• red : it immedi; d 

they had - is 

probable that • mts of th same 

into this part of the State, knew as littl 

of these arrow-heads and stone hatchets as we ' yet 

very weapoi - n by 

their ancestors of two hundrei >efore. It would not 1 

taken he of the " untutored mind " long to discover the - 
murderous quality - over the bli • nt 

of hi- i of course, as the stone implem v is - 

ded the art of manufacture was 

tradition of its use soon pass uuse.iJ to 

letters. 

The most notable earthworks of the county are pel 
those on the " Hudeison place," formerly the "Allen Shepherd 
farm." Here are fortifications which have defied the ravages of 
the "tooth of time" for aught we know for a century, ami fee 
plowman's share for half that time, and yet, in some instances 
from the bottom of the ditch to the top of the embankment is 
still four to six feet, though generally much less. Several of 



\M HKNBY COUNTY; 1 ftBT ANt> PBEBE 

then enclose near a half acre, and generally there is in !lie 
centre a mound which was probably at one thne mucl 
than the surrounding embankment and served as a sort of ob- 
eervatory and as well perhaps as a resting place for the dead. 
There are >»n<- or more mounds without the surrounding ditch 
and embankments. Oneofthe most noticeable is about two rods 
across at the base and near live feet in height although some 
b -snatcher has »»*-«- 1 1 thrusting his sacrileg ous spad< to it, 
with what result we know not. Like the famous general who 
" tit " in the Mexican war, these aboriginal enginec • w • ed to 
prefer having the ditch on the inside of the embankment, which 
probably Berved as a r«-n<-*- for the retention of st« - • 
for defense from without. Some of these enclosures appear to 
have been circular, others quadrangular, one octagonal and some 
of irregular outline, though from the partial obliteration • 
walls the exact state is n<.t easily determined. Some ol the 
w:.ll- <■> i re probably eight or more feel in height in early times 

and it is reported that son t them ^\>v<> surmounted witl 

remains of a stockade much less than titty years agO. 

One of these old forts is on the premises and nearly in front 
of th-' residence of Mr. Joseph Dor rah, about one and a half 
miles north of New Castle, the New Castle and Northern Pike 
cutting it in two. There are two stumps in it, the remains oi 
trees, probably more than one hundred ana fifty years old. 
There arc also similar relies in other portions ol I ounty, all 
speaking to n- of the trials, hardships and strugg - 
whose extinction seems near at hand. Tb 
face" 1 seems ever againsl them, even the sacw incts 

i • burial grounds are invaded and thei - suffi 

. real in peace. 

In constructing railroads and turnpikes l in| 

.1:1- have hci-u exhumed hy scire-; arc 
l winds. 

rfll : s l>l \ v CHARACTER. 

A- portrayed to us hj the early settlers, thougli not" J I gel ■' 
I • v." was not ilesperate. The •• 

seemed to have any difficulty in acquiring at e- 

water, was fond of music, such ;.- .... old fiddh ^ r, P\v, 

■• . . • I just in his element when engage* gh1 ol rev- 



INDIANS. 37 

elry , with a few trilling whites and bottles of whisky for cam pan- 
ions. In point of honor, integrity, aud some of the sterner vir- 
tues they were but little behind half the white men with wham 
they associated. 

M ,\ Benjamin Harvy lived in their midst tor two or more 
years and pronounced them "just a*, good as the whites." We 
secured their good will by upright dealing with them, and when 
the orders came to remove them to certain reservations, their 
parting with the family was with tears and every demonstration 
of affection. 

Asahel Woodard says they would never take so much as a 
"roasting ear" from him without the asking, and that they 
were exceedingly prompt in the return of everything they bor- 
rowed. 

Dernp.-o Rees saj - thej often came t<> his house ami I 
trade wild honey for corn bread and give pound for pound. 
They were inveterate beggars for small favors, and were never 
known to ; fuse an invitation to take a meal.- victuals, and 
when in sel upalonetoa well fillet! table they seemed 
to un ' - ill the victuals set upon it were intended for 
them, and what they could not get outsicleof, tiny would empty 
into a pouch or haversack with which thej were generally pro- 
vided ; br< =, gravy etc., being dumped in pro- 
miscuously. They much prefered sleeping on the floor to a bed. 

They were not proverbial for personal cleanliness or 
squeamish in choice of food. The venerable Mrs. 
Hannah Symons relates being called upon bj one of their 
braw 5, - >ied a iot of <^^ that some of the children had 

brought, in, part of a nest full which a faithful hen had abandon- 
ed after weeks of fruitless effort at hatching. These he must 
have, and no amount of explanation as to their addled chara er 
was of any avail. Then he must have her skillet to cook them in, 
ti • ■ cooked and ate toe whole lot with the utmost g is- 
to, and many an "ugh," expressive of satisfaction. 

have not been able to learn of an Indian levin- - a 
killed by a white man within our borders, or any white -ettier 
falling bj of the Indians. Those of the earlier *e 

tiers who endeavored to live in peace with them found no I 
cult;, i s ens tcepl from 



];.(K I ..'l/NTY; CAST ,\ND PRESENT. 

. i. • »me Lawless whites i \ • sperate them by 

some . outragi to cause them to forget the difference 

u i w e< iii' hi and 



WILD AN] M A L S 



The early settlers found here pretty much all wild ani- 
mals to be foun ' in the State, and many of them in great abun- 
dani i thougl ..<■ are not aware that the county was especially 
noted in I his respect. 

Bli ! Bear was quite numerous lor many 
. ui to the larders of 
man So late as "1830 they were not infrequently met 

witl ■< were seen in the streets of Knightstown so late a= 

p. Edwards is i ve tried to keep one out 

of his lot by strikingil Bst, and when close pressed it 

Bought n- -« chimney of a new house, helonging to Alex- 

ander Poster*. So late as 1848-60 three created some excitement 
in Hpiceland Township. 

i .-Tin Red 0< i ■ ' il and many families 

Buppli bo intifully for -ime years after the 

count] bi settled, with venison. Nathan Ratliff, the 

i: 1 1 1 1 > te and brother to Cornelius Ratliff, of Dudley 

Toy.- am! fenced ten a •- ground one summer 

and fall and killed seventy-five d ■ On< was killed in Har- 
lisni. hip in L865, ties who were prosecuted 

uiulr . me laws can testi is the only one we have 

heart of in the county for fifteen or twenty yes s, 

i ,— The Grey Wolf was very numerous and annoy- 

ing to the fir being especially destructive to young 

porki beep. vii>' count \ records? ow that no inconsid- 

erable pari ol the funds in the Treasui it an early day went 
for- >uite a number o' men more than paid their 

'I i i. since disappeared. 

I —Both the Red and (irey Fox have ever found a 
hon in:!;.', and latterly se< m to be on 1 



vvrLi> ynimals 139 

I oially the Red Fox, and the chase with horse and hound is 
becoming a fashionable and exciting pastime. 

• Panthers were occasionally found, bin oftener heard of 
in early times. The lynx, sometimes called the wild cat, was 
not an uncommon animal here at one time, though very rare 
for thirty years past. Something ofthis sort perhaps the Cana- 
dian Lynx) \va> shot by one of the Garrotl boys, about live 
miles north <>[' New Castle, only two or three years since. 

Raccoon. — This little representative of the bear family was 
always quite numerous in this county, and it is not improbable 
that they have been on the inn-ease for the past few year-. 

Opposstjms. — These animals were once plentiful ami are 
still found occasionally, though hardly in sufficient quantities to 
supply the wants of our citizens who count them a toothsome 
dish. At a .Masonic festival in New Castle, a few years since, a 
couple of them graced the well-filled hoard. 

Skunks. — This unpopular but rather pretty little animal 
defying public prejudice, seems to be wonderfully on the in- 
crease for a few years past. There are said to be some eight or 
ten varieties ofthis animal in the United state-. Perhaps there 
is but one variety in this county and that must he the real Me- 
phitis Americana. One variety is considered quite enough, al- 
thougn the kittens are said to make splendid pets, if they are 
not kept too long. 

Beavers. — The earthworks of this industrious and saga- 
cious engineer were not nnknown to the early settlers, though 
we judge few if any of the builders were ever seen by the 
whites. 

Thk Otter, Mink and Muskrat are still found in the 
county though rapidly decreasing in numbers. The pells of 
se, especially of the Mink and Muskrat, have al times fur- 
riished the basis of considerable traffic. 

Thk Woodchuck or Groundhog, always a residenl of this 
county, lias been rapidly gaining ground in some parts, of late 
years. 

The Rabbit, or properly called Flare, is able to hold his 
own amidst all his foes. It is hard to tell what the hoys would 
do if •'cotton tail-"* should become extinct. 

Rats. — The so-called Norway (more properly gnaw-away) 



ltd IIKNin OOUKTY; PAST AM» PRESENT. 

rat many your- since expelled tlic old fashioned black rat, and 
ha? wade himself perfectly at home, in such numbers as to al- 
iiiH-i dispute the right of possession with tyrant man. The es- 
tablishment of a line kid glove manufactory in each villagers 
probably the only way to "clean out " the pests. 

Sqi [BREXS. — The common Grey Squirrel or chip-munk 
Was so namerous for many years as to be a terrible tax on the 
patience and energies of the husbandman, and more than once 
the greys, with a considerable admixture of the blacks, Lavs 
made their appearance in such countless numbers as to almost 
defj the farmer to save any thing from their ravages. He ap- 
peared t<» be emigrating from some unknown region to the 
south or southeast. Joseph K. Leaky, who had in several acres 
of corn, in IS.'.!, had occasion to be from home for a few days, 
returned to find he had not an ear left. George Evans could 
only save a portion of his one season by pulling- it when green 
and drying on a dry-kiln. Dempsey Bees hired a man by the 
day to shoot them around his corn field: the gunner killed over 
one hundred and said he could have done belter bur for his gun 
getting so hot. Others had a similar experience, till dogs and 
boys became tired of slaughtering them. For about twenty 
year- the Fox Squirrel has been rapidly supplanting the abor- 
igines. 

Elk.— We have no reports of the elk having been Been in 
till— county, though from the frequent finding of their im- 
mense antlers in various parts of the county, it is interred that 
thej were numerous al a period not very remote. We have in 
our possession parts of two specimens, a pair ol which could 
not have weighed less than 25 or 30 pounds. R. 11 Melleti 
cently found a specimen over four feet in length, and Dr. Jont 
Ross bad aii "elk horn," a lew years since, over six feel in length. 

oilier animals of little importance, such as the weasel, fly- 
ing squirrel, mole, mice of various species we suppose an 
numerous here as almost anj where. 

Wild Ti bkey.— Of all the wild fowl to be found in the 

• ty this isthe most important. Though becoming somewhat 

rare, there arc still enough left for pretty fair .-port at the prop- 
er season of the year. Some of our expert hunters can Still 
bag several in a daj at tunes. They breed in the county to 



AID IM P&ESEBVIKG THE UNION. 141 

some extent, though the most that are tound liere are probably 
emigrants from the wilder region? north of us. 

"Wild Geese are frequently seen in their passage to the 
North or South, and occasionally alight and remain with us 
briefly. 

Wild Ducks of several species are-found along our streams. 
Most of them are migraton . 

The Great Blue Hbbon, mere commonly called r Crane, 
is not infrequently found here, during the wanner months of 
the year, while the Green Heron, or Fly-up-the-creek, i* much 
more numerous. 

Pheasants, the true Partridge, or Buffed Grouse, are still 
occasionally found, and more often heard, in our groves and 
thickets. 

Quail.— The beautiful little Bob White, we believe,is found 
here in increasing numbers under the protectins aegis of the 
game 

There are numerous other birds, large or small, as the crow, 
vulture or buzzard, a half dozen kinds of liawks, large and 
small, several varieties of the owl, occasionally a stray eagle, a 
numerous retinue of the smaller songsters and chatterers, <£c, 
&c, to be found in the county, either temporarily or the year 
round, which there is not room even su much as to attempt to 
enumerate. 



A*D IN PRESERVING THE UNION. 



Cm Sunday morning, the 14th of April, 1861, news reached 
Indianapolis of the fall of Fort Sumprer. and Governor Morton 
tendered President Lincoln ten thousand men to uphold the au- 
thority of the Government, the President having called for 
seventy-five thousand three months troops, of which Indiana's 
quota was subsequently fixed at 4,t'.S;5 men. 

The Governor issued his proclamation, calling for these 
troops, a the 16th. From the Adjutant General's report it will 



149 HENRY COUNTY; PAST AND PRKs- • 

be 84 at five hundred had reported for duty next day, two 

thousand four hundred in three days more, and in seven days 
twelve thousand men were in camp. The object of this brief 
I li ■ i show how promptly and thoroughly Henry Coun- 

ty I' [filled the part assigned her. 

In the rirst regiment organized under the call, ami only six 
days alter the Governor's call, seventy-eight citizens of Henry 
County were mustered into service, and only two days later sev- 
enty-live others, making about double the quota of Henry 
County. 

By the enrollment of October, 1862, Henry County was 
found to have 2,652 men liable to military duty after deduct- 
ions for disability, etc. At this time there were 1,008 already 
in i ; • service. The volunteers from this county under the first 
and se son • - so largely in excess of its quota that under 

the 'Jiird call, (August 4th, '62) but 160 additional men were re- 
quired to fill the county'* quota of 300,000 men. These were 
promptly forthcoming and the draft avoided. 

In "863 there was acall for 100,000 men. soon followed by 
another for 300,000. To fill this couuty's quota required about 
360additional men and they were promptly supplied without a 
draft. 

In 1864 the calls in February, March and July, amount- 
ed to 500,000 more. This county's quota under these calls was 
1 - >ese 939 men were supplied by new recruits, 97 re-en- 

listmenfc of veterans, making 1,036 volunteers. One hundred 
and seventy men were drafted which supplied the deficiency 
"I',. ss of 52 men in the service. 

In D 1864, there was still another call for 300,000 

'nor' men. O I 11 Henry County was required to 

furnish 359 men, of ese •" : ' were raised by enlistment and but 
17 b, draft; .gut town sh is escaping entirely. 

in the forego' ig pnears that Henry County had in 
the I i - - 8< ' • ogether a gram! total of 3142 sol- 

diets. Ofconrs' ; ._< number ot these Were counted twice, as 
most oi th< three months men immediately re-enlisted and a 
largi . ber of the one, two and three year men veteranized. 

tt if < rtainly creditable, and an evidence of the patriotism 
of our people v n 200 of those who entered the service 



AID IN PRESERVING THE UNION. 143 

did so as drafted men. In addition to these, under the Govern- 
or's eall to resist the Morgan raid, about 500 citizens of Henry 
County enlisted in the State Service as "Minute Men." 

We have relied mainly on the report of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral for the tacts given above, but this is very unsatisfactory in 
many respect, as it does not give the residence of the men in 
many instances, and acredits whole companies of Henry County 
soldiers to other counties. The following are the regiments in 
which Henry County men most conspicuously figured, with the 
number in each; the number, in most instances being the orig- 
inal enlistments. The residences of those afterward sent for- 
ward to rill up the depleted ranks, often being omitted or 
wrongly stated : 

Regiment. Tebm of Service no. of Men. 

Sixth 3 months. 

ki^hth 3 months. W 

Ninth 3 years. ii 

Eleventh :; " ,_ .. ,, ':'/. 

Nineteenth 3 " (Estimated) ->0 

Thirtieth 3 - n> 

Sixth ; i - **J 

Forty-Fifth (3rd cavalrj ;** 

Fifty-Seventh ; : " li 

Sixty-Ninth ■'> " £? 

Eighty-Fourth 3 • >•» 

Ninetieth (5th cavalry) '£ 

one hundred twenty-first (9th cavalry) 3 " '» 

One hundred thirty-ninth UK) days '«• 

One hundred fortieth "i" •' .££ 

One hundred forty-seventh 1 year <*« 

One hundred forty-eighth '" 

Twelfth Batterv 3years. '" 

Nineteenth Battery 3 

In addition to these there were a few Henry County sol- 
diers in each of at least twelve other regiments. In short, 
there was scarcely an important engagement during the dark 
days ol battle vin which some citizen of Henry County did 
not take a part. 

In the matter of county and township bounties and relief 

to soldiers' families but few counties in the State surpassed Hen- 

rv. The different items are as follows : 

JtOu 120 94 

County Bounty 252' 540 26 

township Bounty ... •; afafa 

Family Relief (County) iscniv 
Family Relief (Township) l * 

Grand Total W 



111 HKNKY <orNTV; PAST AND PRESENT. 



I T K M S. 



Weighty Membebs. — Dudley township, and especially 

Hopewell neighborhood, challenges the world for large men and 
women. Within a radius of 1' 4 miles of Hopewell Meeting- 
house, there lived, a short time since, no less than nine persons 
who weighed between 250 and 365 pounds each. One young 
lady weighed 304 at seventeen years of age. Another lady 
weighed 300 pounds. There are twelve women living in the 
neighborhood, or have recently done so, whose weights ranged 
from 225 to 300 pounds. In one family of nine children and 
the parents, there were but two who failed at some time of their 
live> to reach the goodly weight of 200 pounds, the average of 
the whole family being 248 7-11 ; omitting the two small ones, 
the "runts" of the family, and the others averaged 271 2-9. 

Signs OF Growth. — In early times the bonds of the Con- 
Btahle aud County Treasurer were equal. Since that time 
the bond of the Treasurer has been eight hundred times 
that of thf (\mstable, or about twenty-Jive times as much as 
the bonds of all the Constables in the County. 

Sufficiently Specific. — The law make it the duty of jus- 
tices of the peace to report all fines imposed, to the commis- 
sioners. 

In early times a Justice reported that he had lined Air. 

$3 for swearing three illegal oaths as follows: "two by-God and 
one by-Jesus Christ," and on a subsequent occasion, a similar 
amount for three others as follows : "one by-God, one by-God 
ami one by-Jesus Christ." 

To-mobrow Morning. — The usual formula for the adjourn- 
ment ol the Commissioners' Court, in early times, was ordered 
by the Board that "the Court now adjourn till to-morrow morn - 
ing, nine o'clock." 

On several occasions the morning entry read as follows : 

"To-morrow morning the Court met pursuant to adjourn- 
ment." 



THE PIONEER. 



146 



THK PIONEER,* 



BY B. S. PARKER. 



ids form is bent; his head is grey; 

His limbs are long and slender." 
But still,*Deneath his woolen vest, 

The heart is true and tender. 

omrades long are in the clay; 
Their wooden head-boards rotten 
And in the modern neighborhood, 
Their very names forgotten. 

He walks serenely thro' the fields: 
< »hl shadows seem to follow. 

Again he sees the tawny deer 
do leaping down the hollow. 

He hears once more the rifle's ring, 
The hunters shouting gladly. 

' 3 onder hill the wounded bear 
A gain gives battle madly. 

He hears the pheasant's boomin; 
drum : 

He hears the turkey calling; 
The thudding maul; the ringing ax; 

rhe crash of timber falling. 

He sees the little cabin home; 

The tiny patch of clearing, 
Where once he dwelt with wife and 
boys, 

No breath of evil fearing. 

'• Mi. well !" lie sighs; "she's sleeping 
now: 

The eldest boys are with her. 
I very soon shall gi> with them. 

Since they may not come hither." 

ear that glistens in his eye 
Falls down a moment after; 
For, silvery, echoing up the lane. 
He hears his g amlchild's laughter. 

The past and present strangely blend 
Before his mental vision; 

JTei love, that makes the dreary 
wolds 
Appear like fields elysian, 

Still paints along his early days 
The fairest scenes of pleasure, 

And garners stores of happy thought 
v rhvthmic art can measure. 



No words bespeak his heart so warm 
As did the backwoods greeting; 

No preacher has such power as him 
Who held the backwoods meeting. 

He knows of many a merry time 
At reaping, rolling, raising. 

Or, on the jolly husking nights. 
With cheerful torches blazing. 

From many a good wife's quilting 
bout 
He treasures home-spun blisses. 
Where old folks talked, and young 
folks played 
Their games "of forfeit kisses. 

The lazy Indian still he scorns; 

Their" squaws and their papooses; 
The things, God made them; but, no 
doubt, 

For undiscovered uses. 

Where now a dozen turnpikes stretch 
Stiff lines between the meadows 

He knew a single Indian trail 
That wound thru' forest shadows. 

A dozen villages he sees 
Beside their rail and stations. 

Where once a single trading post 
Supplied the settlers' ration*. 

A hundred rushing trains go bj : 

He hears them scream and thunder,. 
And laughs to think how they would 

shake 
His backwoods world with wonder. 

How strange the ways they practice 
now, 
This new time emphasizing. 
He thinks, and with the uttered 
thought, 
Grows loud soliloquizing. 

"With clattering instrument- at 
church, 

And dapper youngsters preaching, 
And, for the congregations' hymn. 

A dozen lasses screeching. 



'Written by request especially for these pages. 



1 Mi 



THE PIONEKR. 



•'Anil 

jood old-fashion 

masque at fencj balls, 
riir saints at public meel Ings. 

•^ mi rest at ease in fancj homes, 
Your thoughts on high careering. 

Bui give iiicii.uk mj wife and boys, 
Ynd give ine back mj clearing. 

•• \ nd ,iii\ e me back m< rifle gun, 
My forests, deer, and pheasants, 
\iui I will pro\ e you, an \ 'la\ . 
\« tame as Bril ish peasants. 



a Inn 
fa did hall 
Bui heaven as freel I lien as cow 
Dispensed her largest bow 

"We nailed the wheat with ti 

-tick-. 

By ste u 'I clean it, 

Ami rush your four-horse r 

wlc 

We ised to hook ami glean it. 



•1 out 



irl- 
grovi pi'oud 
Mid vain : < >! more '- tin 



"Bui why goon i his cal 

Witli whal we did, and >".i do; 
We did the best we could and tliat's 
line; your boys The wa;j in knowledge you grew. 



'- scan a j outb in all the land 
I'.ut 's crazx 'bout the 'it \ . 

••lt"> true there's boys thai grow up 
now— 
r.ilf. sick, unlikely creatu i 
With foreheads broad and driveled 

And strange, unnatural fea 

"Who doctors, il 

would, 
i >r preach without much harming, 

3t, brightest 
Shoul i stead} stick to farm 

,\ itli >iue\\ 
For l"'\ or wrestle read] . 

I hand-spikt 
Or hold a rifle steady. 

•• \nd I w ill after show :i man 
Whose heart is tender human, 
.mi brave in every hour <>(' need, 
And true as steel to woman. 

"But r, whj should I moralize: 
r'm but a dotard growing, 

And death cuts now a reaper's swath 
Beside his ancient mow ing. 



•It 



tin- . 



seems so stran 

Tin- \ ire rotten : 

talf the fields l helped to cleai 

I've really now forgotten. 



lags 



with his 



"The i"'-<i horse 
load. 

Across tir unbridged moras 
He ••aclied ns once or t « ice a month 

With letters for the las 

"But now they run on Hying wheels. 
Or flj on lightning pinions, 

\nd iii the twinkling of an eye 
Arrive from t u >i m v or 

Kor church and school -house, once 



■•The old folks labored longai 
To build the rude found: 

have wm't i o more 1 1 
With all your cult ivation. 

"We conquered forests, cleaved the 

Our it ; 

Complete; refine; adorn it. 

"The olden music, olden 

The pioneer rejoi 
Still linger on my listen, 

With myriad bapp] voicu .- 

Nb wive- arc lik( 

u ives, 
No neighbors like our neighbors, 
Nb bOJ - arc hair , 

heerfu] at their labors. 

"No ladies in their rustling silks 
A. id g imcracks halt' so \\ i?' 

As were our girls in lineeyfr 
From yarn oi their own spinning. 

••Hull manj a- rough, unseemly man 
Who shared mj early labor, 

Looks noble through' the i I 

j ears. 
For was he mu mj neighbor? 

'•And ^o when all your hea 
white. 
And death comes l i eeping nearer, 
You'll think the old ways, perfect 
waj s, 
Old friends grow hourly dearer." 

A partridge whistled by the way, 

A blackbird trilled abi 
A red-bird sang "O, sunny da .' 

The robin "How I love it!" 

"Do!" cried the pioneer, "you 

\rc bent on early pill: i 
And so. his mus 
walked 
Quite briskly toward the vi 



147 






INDEX. 



Aid in Preserving the Union 
Attorneys, th< i- i --r 
Ashland 

Associate Judges 
Adve 
Auditors 

Assessing tin- Revenue 
Annual Exhibit 
A! I've! J. Co 
Albert Hodson 
Adolphus Rogers 
Blue River township 
Board of .Ti - 
-\ ille 
e 
Benevolenl - 
Banks 
Ne i 
Knightstown. 

ion.. . . 

Citizens 
Bailiffs 
R. s. Parker 

unin Franklin 
• iiiin Wrig] 
Bell Stanford 
Commissioners 
Courts, t ; !>' First 
oners 

Counl 

■ iond Court House 
Jail . - 
nd Jail 
- iy Pen 

- lum 
Cl'k'sam -office 

Auditor- and Treasurers 
Present < ourt House 
Present Jail 
Clerks of ( Circuit Court 
Cadiz 

Circleville 
City Chronicle 

Comm i 

Clerks of Circuit Court 

Circuit Prosecutor - 

Clerks of Probate 

Common Pleas Judges 

Collectors 

Coroners 

County Revenues 

Congressional Districts 

Churches 

Clarkson Davis 



141 

80 

91 

109 

114 
34 

92 

■ 

54 

55 

57 

58 
61 

B8 

' 

81 
120 
87 
88 
89 
90 
90 
91 
92 
94 
99 
103 
112 



I 

Dunreitb 
Distri 

Ezra So. 

Elizabeth Citv 

saws 

- 
Franklii 



I 

Frankli i 

Greensboro Towns! 

- 

Harrison 

bounty Ind( 

Republican 
Henry Townshi 

■ • V ' 

• 

I lountv Officers 

Honey Creek 

Huldah Wickersham . 

Introduction 
Parker 
Isaac Kinley 
Indiana Sun 
Indiana Courier 
Indians 
Items . 

ishif 
Jennie G. Kinley 
John W. Gr 
Jehu. T. Elliott 



112 

10 

119 

81 

90 

1(5 

115 

78 

148 

95 

98 

112 

116 

3 

4 

5 

5 

6 

6 

6 

7 

7 

8 

8 

8 

8 

9 

26 

28 

66 

122 

.29 

73 

88 

30 

119 

119 

120 

21 

63 

74 

114 

84 

81 

110 

1 

110 

111 

116 

117 

134 

144 

33 

115 

110 

112 



14K 



i:nrur\. 



t)ot>ie V. i! i. v i, .hi 112 

Joshua II. Mcllett 1X9 

James Brown H8 

John <'. Teas 111 

J. i.. Burk. . . in 

Joel Reed IN 

Knightstown ... *"-f> 

Knightetown Banner 120 

Kriirhtstown < iti/.en 120 

Land Sales and First Entries 9 

Wayne Township n 

Henrj id 

Liberty 10 

Dudley 11 

Franklin ll ! 

Spiceland u 

Greensboro 11 

Fall Creek 11 

Jefferson 19 

Blue River I '2 

Harrison IS 

Liberty township -i-> 

Lewisville 79 

Literature 108 

Luray ... 76 

■ ec Ro> Woods 113 

Middletown 70 

Masons m 

Mt. Summit 80 

Misses Edwards 113 

M. Mahin 114 ' 

Mill Wile SO 

Meehanicsburg 81 

M. L. Bundy 110 ' 

New Castle 03 

New Lisbon 75 

Ni-« spapers 116 

New ' 'astle Banner 1 18 

Newcastle Examiner 120 

Nancj Kinlej m ' 

Nathan Ni why 113 j 

Organization of the Countv 13 

Ogden 71 

other [terns 99 

Odd Fellows [22 

Political Dcvelonmenl 123 



Prairie rownsl M 

Petersburg^ 78 

Presiding Judges 89 

Per I ent. of Ta\c* 97 

Public Schools 101 

Raysville . 69 

Rogersville 77 

Representatives 86 

Recorders 91 

Russell B. Abbott HO 

Stony Creek Township. 35 

Spiceland Township ai 

s. s. Bennett. 115 

Hharington 76 

Spiceland . .. 78 

Sulphur Springs 79 

Straughn's station B9 

Springporl 83 

Signs of the rimes .... 150 

Senators ?6 

Sheriff!; 87 

Surveyors 92 

Statistical and Financial 93 

School Statistics 102 

Stock and Grain 104 

Sarah Bdgerton 111 

Tow aship Organization 15 

The Pioueer 145 

rreasnrers 88 

Turnpikes 105 

The < lonfrast 104 

Thomas K.Stanford 112 

I'nmnlow 11 66 

Vote for Governor 100 

Rep. in Congress 101 

President 101 

W a \ oe Township 18 
Wesl Liberty 

Wheel and ' 76 

Woodville 77 

Wealth and Tax per 1 apita 97 

William Han - 115 

Walter Bdgerton 109 
William Bdgerton 

West) rn Kuralisl 121 

Wild tnim.N 138 



E k n A T A . 



Page 65, Kih line, read "M. L. Buudy" tor -M. 1.. r - • 

Page 73, Nth line from top, for ''John" read "Jehu" Wiokersbam. 

Page 86, in a portion of the edition an error occurs inth< 

Representative for [848. li should read "Rob't. 1. Hudelson." 
Page 104, Nth line ^luniM read "fbi verifj ing the result by ;» re-< 
Page 134, last line on second paragraph, for "Perry" read "Noah" 

Wagoner. 

V number of typographical and other errors hare been observed of 

too trivial a ehaiactei- to make their ■.•on-eii ' . tbis 



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